1278

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This article is about the year 1278.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century13th century14th century
Decades: 1240s  1250s  1260s  – 1270s –  1280s  1290s  1300s
Years: 1275 1276 127712781279 1280 1281
1278 by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
Art and literature
1278 in poetry
1278 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1278
MCCLXXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2031
Armenian calendar 727
ԹՎ ՉԻԷ
Assyrian calendar 6028
Bahá'í calendar −566 – −565
Bengali calendar 685
Berber calendar 2228
English Regnal year Edw. 1 – 7 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar 1822
Burmese calendar 640
Byzantine calendar 6786–6787
Chinese calendar 丁丑(Fire Ox)
3974 or 3914
    — to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3975 or 3915
Coptic calendar 994–995
Discordian calendar 2444
Ethiopian calendar 1270–1271
Hebrew calendar 5038–5039
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1334–1335
 - Shaka Samvat 1200–1201
 - Kali Yuga 4379–4380
Holocene calendar 11278
Igbo calendar 278–279
Iranian calendar 656–657
Islamic calendar 676–677
Japanese calendar Kenji 4 / Kōan 1
(弘安元年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 1278
MCCLXXVIII
Korean calendar 3611
Minguo calendar 634 before ROC
民前634年
Thai solar calendar 1821


Year 1278 (MCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By area[edit]

America[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

  • The earliest known written copy of the Avesta, a collection of ancient sacred Persian Zoroastrian texts previously passed down orally, is produced.

Markets[edit]

  • Giles of Lessines writes his De usuris. He estimates that some credit contracts need not to be usurious as "future things are not estimated to be of such value as those collected in the instant". The prevalence of this view in the usury debate allows for the development of the financial industry in Catholic Europe.[3]

Religion[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 119. ISBN 9781135131371. 
  2. ^ de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 120. ISBN 90-04-11244-8. 
  3. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review 15 (3): 506–562.