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This article is about the year 1294.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1260s 1270s 1280s – 1290s – 1300s 1310s 1320s|
|Years:||1291 1292 1293 – 1294 – 1295 1296 1297|
|1294 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1294 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2047|
|Bahá'í calendar||−550 – −549|
|English Regnal year||22 Edw. 1 – 23 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸巳年 (Water Snake)
3990 or 3930
— to —
甲午年 (Wood Horse)
3991 or 3931
|- Vikram Samvat||1350–1351|
|- Shaka Samvat||1216–1217|
|- Kali Yuga||4395–4396|
|Japanese calendar||Einin 2
|Minguo calendar||618 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1837|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1294.|
- July 5 – Pope Celestine V succeeds Nicholas IV, becoming the 192nd pope.
- Autumn – In response to the actions of new royal administrators in north and west Wales, Madog ap Llywelyn leads a revolt against his English overlords.
- December 24 – Pope Boniface VIII succeeds Pope Celestine V, becoming the 193rd pope, after Celestine V abdicates the papacy on December 13, only five months after reluctantly accepting his surprise election on July 5, wishing to return to his life as an ascetic hermit.
- The death of Kublai Khan. By this time the separation of the four khanates of the Mongol Empire (the Chagatai Khanate in Central Asia, the Golden Horde in Russia, the Ilkhanate in Persia, and the Yuan Dynasty in China) had deepened.
- John Balliol, King of Scotland, decides to refuse King Edward I of England's demands for support in a planned invasion of France, the result being the negotiation of the Auld Alliance with France and Norway in the following year. These actions play a part in precipitating the Scottish Wars of Independence, which begin in 1296.
- Strata Florida Abbey is rebuilt; it had been destroyed some years earlier in King Edward I of England's conquest of Wales.
- Architect Arnolfo di Cambio designs the Florentine cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore, better known simply as Il Duomo. He also begins work on the Basilica di Santa Croce di Firenze, also in Florence.
- England and Portugal enter into the first iteration of the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, the oldest alliance in the world still in force.
- Edward I of England and Philip the Fair of France declare war on each other. To finance this war, both kings lay taxes on the clergy. Pope Boniface VIII insists that kings gain papal consent of taxation of the clergy and forbids churchmen to pay taxes.
- June 18 (or 19) – Charles IV of France (d. 1328)
- John, Duke of Durazzo (d. 1336)
- date unknown – Kusunoki Masashige, Japanese samurai (d. 1336)
- February 18 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (b. 1215)
- May 3 – John I, Duke of Brabant
- June 12 – John I of Brienne, Count of Eu
- December 25 – Mściwój II of Pomerania
- date unknown