12e Régiment blindé du Canada
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|12e Régiment blindé du Canada|
Cap badge of 12e Régiment blindé du Canada
|Part of||Royal Canadian Armoured Corps|
|Garrison/HQ||Regular Force: Valcartier
|Motto||Adsum (I am present) (Latin)|
|March||Quick: "Marianne s'en va-t-au-Moulin"
Slow: "Quand vous mourrez de nos amours"
|Anniversaries||4 May 1968|
|Engagements||World War I
World War II
War in Afghanistan
|12e RBC: LCol Pierre Huet
12e RBC(M): LCol Stéphan LeBlanc
|Honorary colonel||BGen Albert Geddry, CD|
|Honorary lieutenant-colonel||Pierre Ayotte|
The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (meaning "12th Armoured Regiment of Canada") is a Canadian Forces armoured regiment based in CFB Valcartier, on the outskirts of Quebec City. The regiment has both Regular Force and Primary Reserve components.
The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada's abbreviation is 12e RBC. Both the regular and militia regiments serve exclusively in the armoured reconnaissance role.
A, B and D Squadrons in the Regular Force operate the Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle. Each squadron is organized into three troops: two troops are reconnaissance with six Coyotes each, and one is an assault troop.
Its origins are in The Three Rivers Regiment, a militia (Reserve Force) regiment based in Trois-Rivières, a town halfway between Montreal and Quebec City. It originally formed in 1871 as the Three Rivers Provisional Battalion of Infantry. This was a new battalion headquarters that united four previously independent infantry companies that had been formed in 1869 at Trois-Rivières, Rivière-du-Loup-en-Haut, Berthier-en-Haut and Saint-Gabriel-de-Brandon. The battalion was given a number in 1880 (86th "Three Rivers" Battalion of Infantry) and raised to regiment status in 1900 (86th Three Rivers Regiment).
In the First World War, the Canadian militia infantry units were not mobilized, but instead new units were formed from volunteers from the militia and new recruits. The militia units generally became organizations for recruiting, induction and preliminary training. The 86th Regiment recruited the 178th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF, in 1916. The 178th Battalion was broken up in England in 1917, but enough of its former members fought at the Battle of Amiens (1918) that the battalion qualified for a battle honour, which the 12e RBC perpetuates.
The regiment also perpetuates the 259th Battalion, Canadian Rifles, Canadian Expeditionary Force (Siberia).
In the post-war reorganization of the Militia, the 86th Regiment lost its number, becoming simply The Three Rivers Regiment. In the 1936 reorganization, it became an infantry tank unit, The Three Rivers Regiment (Tank).
In the Second World War, the regiment mobilized an armoured regiment, which sailed to England in 1941. After two years of training, the 12th Armoured Regiment (Three Rivers Regiment) invaded Sicily, where it supported 1st Canadian Infantry Division throughout Operation Husky almost exclusively and gained a reputation for tenacity and courage. The 12th CAR was the first Canadian armoured regiment to destroy panzers in battle; a Panzer III and one of the Mark IV "Specials" were destroyed by its men at Grammichele on July 15. The regiment also took part Operation Baytown, landings on the Italian mainland in September 1943, as well and were often called upon to support British infantry battalions based on their quiet professionalism. Though the formation it was part of was originally known as 1st Tank Brigade, the name was changed to 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade later on.
After the war, the regiment was given a (partially) French name: Le Régiment de Trois-Rivières (24th Armoured Regiment).
In 1968 the regiment was renamed and expanded to include a new Regular Force regiment in addition to the original Militia regiment. The Regular Force unit is called 12e Régiment blindé du Canada, and the Militia unit is named 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Militia) (or in French, 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice)). The number in the regimental title commemorates the Second World War unit, 12th Armoured Regiment (Three Rivers Regiment).
|1812||8th Bn, Select Embodied Militia||Trois-Rivières Div.|
|1869||Independent infy coys|
|1871||Three Rivers Provisional Bn of Infy|
|1880||86th "Three Rivers" Bn of Infy|
|1900||86th Three Rivers Regt|
|1916||178th "Overseas" Bn, CEF|
|1918||259th Bn, Canadian Rifles, CEF (Siberia)|
|1920||The Three Rivers Regt||Disbanded|
|1936||The Three Rivers Regt (Tank)|
|1939||The Three Rivers Regt (Tank), CASF|
|1940||The Three Rivers Regt (Tank), CAC, CASF||2nd Regt, The Three Rivers Regt (Tank)|
|1941||12th Army Tank Bn (The Three Rivers Regt (Tank)), CAC, CASF||12th (Reserve) Army Tank Bn, (The Three Rivers Regt (Tank))|
|1942||12th Army Tank Regt (Three Rivers Regt (Tank)), CAC, CASF||12th (Reserve) Army Tank Regt (The Three Rivers Regt (Tank))|
|1943||12th Armd Regt (Three Rivers Regt), CAC, CASF|
|1945||12th Armd Regt (Three Rivers Regt), RCAC, CASF|
|1946||46th Anti-Tank Regt, RCA (Three Rivers Regt)|
|1947||24th Armd Regt (Three Rivers Regt)|
|1949||Le Régt de Trois-Rivières (24th Armd Regt)|
|1958||Le Régt de Trois-Rivières (RCAC)|
|1968||12e Régt blindé du Canada||12e Régt blindé du Canada (Militia)|
|1998||Perpetuates 259th Bn||Perpetuates 259th Bn|
|2012||Perpetuates War of 1812 units||Perpetuates War of 1812 units|
|CAC||Canadian Armoured Corps|
|CASF||Canadian Active Service Force|
|CEF||Canadian Expeditionary Force|
|RCA||Royal Canadian Artillery|
|RCAC||Royal Canadian Armoured Corps|
Battle honours in italics are those displayed on the regiment's guidon.
- Non-emblazonable honorary distinction "Defence of Canada 1812–1815"
1. The Regiment bears this battle honour as it perpetuates the 178th (Canadien-Français) Battalion, CEF. The 178th was a reserve battalion and never served on the front. However, enough of its former members served at Amiens to earn a battle honour.
2. On 25 June 1998, the regiment was granted the perpetuation of the '259th Battalion (Canadian Rifles), CEF (Siberia)' (NDHQ Memorandum 5400-34 (DHH), 23 June 1998).
Trois-Rivières Military Museum
|Trois-Rivières Military Museum|
|Location||574 Saint-François-Xavier Street, Trois-Rivières, QC G9A 1R6 Canada|
The museum collects, preserves, researches, interprets and exhibits artifacts which reflect the military history of Trois-Rivières, the 12th Armoured Regiment (Three Rivers Regiment) story and the history of the Canadian Militia. The museum serves as a training medium to teach regimental history, and to stimulate and foster within the general public an ongoing interest in the regiment, its activities and accomplishments. The Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, OMMC and Virtual Museum of Canada.
Order of precedence
While the regiment is the oldest of the Regular Force armoured regiments, its Regular Force component takes its precedence from its date of entry into the Regular Force (1968). The Reserve Force component continues to take its precedence from 1871 within the Reserve Force.
Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)
|12e Régiment blindé du Canada||Succeeded by
Last in precedence of Regular armoured regiments
|12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice)||Succeeded by
- United Kingdom – Royal Tank Regiment
- France – 2e Régiment de hussards
- United States - 3rd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
Notes and references
- "12e Régiment blindé du Canada". Official Lineages: Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
- "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03
- 12e Régiment blindé du Canada: official site (in French)
- "12e Regiment Blinde du Canada". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008.
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