12e Régiment blindé du Canada

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12e Régiment blindé du Canada
12 RBC cap badge.png
Cap badge of 12e Régiment blindé du Canada
Active 1871–present
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army
Type Armoured
Role Armoured reconnaissance
Size 2 regiments
Part of Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
Garrison/HQ Regular Force: Valcartier
Militia: Trois-Rivières
Motto Adsum (I am present) (Latin)
March Quick: "Marianne s'en va-t-au-Moulin"
Slow: "Quand vous mourrez de nos amours"
Anniversaries 4 May 1968
Engagements World War I
World War II
Bosnia
War in Afghanistan
Commanders
Current
commander
12e RBC: LCol Pierre Huet
12e RBC(M): LCol Stéphan LeBlanc
Honorary colonel BGen Albert Geddry, CD
Honorary lieutenant-colonel Pierre Ayotte
Abbreviation 12RBC

The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (meaning "12th Armoured Regiment of Canada") is a Canadian Forces armoured regiment based in CFB Valcartier, on the outskirts of Quebec City. The regiment has both Regular Force and Primary Reserve components.

The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada's abbreviation is 12e RBC. Both the regular and militia regiments serve mainly in the armoured reconnaissance role, but Regular force 12e RBC members also serve in the Royal Canadian Dragoons C Squadron in Gagetown in Leopard C2's.

A, B and D Squadrons in the Regular Force operate the Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle. Each squadron is organized into three troops: two troops are reconnaissance with six Coyotes each, and one is an assault troop.

History[edit]

Plaque commemorating The Three Rivers Regiment

Its origins are in The Three Rivers Regiment, a militia (Reserve Force) regiment based in Trois-Rivières, a town halfway between Montreal and Quebec City. It originally formed in 1871 as the Three Rivers Provisional Battalion of Infantry. This was a new battalion headquarters that united four previously independent infantry companies that had been formed in 1869 at Trois-Rivières, Rivière-du-Loup-en-Haut, Berthier-en-Haut and Saint-Gabriel-de-Brandon. The battalion was given a number in 1880 (86th "Three Rivers" Battalion of Infantry) and raised to regiment status in 1900 (86th Three Rivers Regiment).[1]

In the First World War, the Canadian militia infantry units were not mobilized, but instead new units were formed from volunteers from the militia and new recruits. The militia units generally became organizations for recruiting, induction and preliminary training. The 86th Regiment recruited the 178th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF, in 1916. The 178th Battalion was broken up in England in 1917, but enough of its former members fought at the Battle of Amiens (1918) that the battalion qualified for a battle honour, which the 12e RBC perpetuates.[1]

The regiment also perpetuates the 259th Battalion, Canadian Rifles, Canadian Expeditionary Force (Siberia).[2]

In the post-war reorganization of the Militia, the 86th Regiment lost its number, becoming simply The Three Rivers Regiment. In the 1936 reorganization, it became an infantry tank unit, The Three Rivers Regiment (Tank).[1]

In the Second World War, the regiment mobilized an armoured regiment, which sailed to England in 1941. After two years of training, the 12th Armoured Regiment (Three Rivers Regiment) invaded Sicily, where it supported 1st Canadian Infantry Division throughout Operation Husky almost exclusively and gained a reputation for tenacity and courage. The 12th CAR was the first Canadian Armored Regiment unit to destroy panzers in battle; a Panzer III and one of the Mark IV "Specials" were destroyed by its men at Grammichele on July 15. The regiment also took part Operation Baytown, landings on the Italian mainland in September 1943, as well and were often called upon to support British infantry battalions based on their quiet professionalism. Though the formation was originally known as 1st Tank Brigade the name was changed to 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade later on.[1]

After the war, the regiment was given a (partially) French name: Le Régiment de Trois-Rivières (24th Armoured Regiment).[1]

In 1968 the regiment was renamed and expanded to include a new Regular Force regiment in addition to the original Militia regiment. The Regular Force unit is called 12e Régiment blindé du Canada, and the Militia unit is named 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Militia) (or in French, 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice)). The number in the regimental title commemorates the Second World War unit, 12th Armoured Regiment (Three Rivers Regiment).[1]

1812
8th Bn, Select Embodied Militia
Trois-Rivières Div.
1815
Disbanded
Disbanded
1869
Independent infy coys
1871
Three Rivers Provisional Bn of Infy
1880
86th "Three Rivers" Bn of Infy
1900
86th Three Rivers Regt
1916
178th "Overseas" Bn, CEF
1917
Disbanded
1918
259th Bn, Canadian Rifles, CEF (Siberia)
1920
The Three Rivers Regt
Disbanded
1936
The Three Rivers Regt (Tank)
1939
The Three Rivers Regt (Tank), CASF
1940
The Three Rivers Regt (Tank), CAC, CASF
2nd Regt, The Three Rivers Regt (Tank)
1941
12th Army Tank Bn (The Three Rivers Regt (Tank)), CAC, CASF
12th (Reserve) Army Tank Bn, (The Three Rivers Regt (Tank))
1942
12th Army Tank Regt (Three Rivers Regt (Tank)), CAC, CASF
12th (Reserve) Army Tank Regt (The Three Rivers Regt (Tank))
1943
12th Armd Regt (Three Rivers Regt), CAC, CASF
1945
12th Armd Regt (Three Rivers Regt), RCAC, CASF
1945
Disbanded
1946
46th Anti-Tank Regt, RCA (Three Rivers Regt)
1947
24th Armd Regt (Three Rivers Regt)
1949
Le Régt de Trois-Rivières (24th Armd Regt)
1958
Le Régt de Trois-Rivières (RCAC)
1968
12e Régt blindé du Canada
12e Régt blindé du Canada (Militia)
1998
Perpetuates 259th Bn
Perpetuates 259th Bn
2012
Perpetuates War of 1812 units
Perpetuates War of 1812 units
2014
Abbreviations used in the chart
Abbreviation Phrase
Armd Armoured
Bn Battalion
CAC Canadian Armoured Corps
CASF Canadian Active Service Force
CEF Canadian Expeditionary Force
Coys Companies
Div. Division
Infy Infantry
RCA Royal Canadian Artillery
RCAC Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
Regt Regiment
Régt Régiment

Battle honours[edit]

Unit patch of the 12th Canadian Army Tank Regiment during the Second World War

The Great War: Amiens1, Sibérie 1918-19

The Second World War: Débarquement en Sicile, Grammichele, Piazza Armerina, Valguarnera, Agira, Adrano, Vallée du Troina, Sicile 1943, Termoli, Le Ravin, Ortona, Cassino II, Ligne Gustav, Vallée du Liri, Ligne Hitler, Ligne Trasimene, Arezzo, L'Avance à Florence, Monte La Pieve, Monte Spaduro, Italie 1943–45, Apeldoorn, Nord-Ouest de L'Europe 1945

1. awarded for service of 178th (Canadien-Français) Battalion, CEF.

Trois-Rivières Military Museum[edit]

Trois-Rivières Military Museum
Coyoteentrepot.jpg
Location 574 Saint-François-Xavier Street, Trois-Rivières, QC G9A 1R6 Canada
Type Regimental museum
Website http://www.armee.gc.ca/12rbc_milice/qg-hq/musee-museum-eng.aspx

The museum collects, preserves, researches, interprets and exhibits artifacts which reflect the military history of Trois-Rivières, the 12th Armoured Regiment (Three Rivers Regiment) story and the history of the Canadian Militia. The museum serves as a training medium to teach regimental history, and to stimulate and foster within the general public an ongoing interest in the regiment, its activities and accomplishments.[3] The Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, OMMC and Virtual Museum of Canada.

Order of precedence[edit]

Regular Force[edit]

While the regiment is the oldest of the Regular Force armoured regiments, its Regular Force component takes its precedence from its date of entry into the Regular Force (1968). The Reserve Force component continues to take its precedence from 1871 within the Reserve Force.

Preceded by
Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)
12e Régiment blindé du Canada Succeeded by
Last in precedence of Regular armoured regiments

Reserve Force[edit]

Preceded by
Sherbrooke Hussars
12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice) Succeeded by
1st Hussars

Alliances[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "12e Régiment blindé du Canada". Official Lineages: Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  3. ^ A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03

External links[edit]