12th Fighter Squadron
|12th Fighter Squadron|
12th Fighter Squadron Patch
|Active||since 15 January 1941|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Pacific Air Forces
11th Air Force
3d Operations Group
AFOUA w/V Device
RVGC w/ Palm
The 12th Fighter Squadron (12 FS) was part of the 3d Wing at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska until its decommission in September 2006. The squadron operated the F-15 Eagle aircraft conducting air superiority missions.
Mobilizes, deploys, and employs the F-15C air superiority fighter in global expeditionary support of all war-fighting commands.
The 12th flew patrols over the Pacific from Christmas Island between February and October 1942. It participated in combat operations in South and Southwest Pacific from, 19 November 1942 – 14 August 1945.
The squadron stood alert in South Korea from, 23 January – 13 June 1968, after seizure of the U.S.S. Pueblo by North Korea. It supported air defense alert capability in Southeast Asia from, 1968–1972.
The squadron was unmanned and unequipped from May 1972 – November 1975. It remanned and reequipped with F-4 Phantom IIaircraft in late November 1975. Through 1980, it flew offensive and defensive exercises in support of its wing, the 313th Air Division, and Pacific Air Forces. It converted to F-15 Eagle aircraft in 1980. In 1981, the 12th earned the Hughes Trophy in recognition as the outstanding fighter squadron in the USAF. On 5 November 1999, the squadron stood down at Kadena Air Base, Japan, and moved without personnel or equipment to Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska where it joined the 3d Wing on 28 April 2000. Since 2000, performed offensive and defensive counter-air missions with current air-to-air weaponry, including night vision goggles (NVG), to achieve air superiority in support of taskings from 3 Wing.
- Constituted 12th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
- Activated on 15 January 1941
- Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
- Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, on 26 January 1944
- Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 6 May 1946
- Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron, Jet, on 23 December 1949
- Redesignated: 12th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 20 January 1950
- Redesignated: 12th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 July 1958
- Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron on 1 October 1991
- Inactivated in October 2007
- 50th Pursuit (later, 50 Fighter) Group, 15 January 1941
- Attached to VII Interceptor [later, VII Fighter] Command, 10 February – 17 August 1942
- 15th Fighter Group, 18 August 1942
- US Army Forces in South Pacific, 1 December 1942
- XIII Fighter Command, 13 January 1943
- 18 Fighter (later, 18th Fighter-Bomber) Group, 30 March 1943
- Attached to: Air Task Group 5, Provisional, 27 January – 19 February 1955
- Attached to: Air Task Force 13, Provisional, c. 3 September – 30 November 1955
- Attached to: 49th Fighter-Bomber Group, 7 August 1956 – 14 March 1957
- Attached to: 18th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 15 March – 15 August 1957
- Attached to: Thirteenth Air Force, 16 August – 1 September 1957
- Thirteenth Air Force, 2 September 1957
- 18 Fighter-Bomber (later, 18th Tactical Fighter) Wing, 25 March 1958
- Attached to: 2d Air Division, 1 February – 15 March 1965 and 15 June – 25 August 1965
- Attached to: 314th Air Division, 23–29 January 1968
- 18th Tactical Fighter Group, 1 May 1978
- 18th Tactical Fighter Wing, 11 February 1981
- 18th Operations Group, 1 October 1991
- 3d Operations Group, 28 April 2000 – October 2007
An F-105G taking off from Korat, 1972.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.