12th Fighter Squadron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
12th Fighter Squadron
12th Fighter Squadron.jpg
12th Fighter Squadron Patch
Active since 15 January 1941
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Part of Pacific Air Forces
11th Air Force
3d Wing
3d Operations Group
Nickname Dirty Dozen
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg DUC
Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg PUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA w/V Device
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines).svg PPUC
Presidential Unit Citation (Korea).svg ROK PUC
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg RVGC w/ Palm
A U.S. Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-15C Eagle from the 12th Fighter Squadron at Elmendorf Air Force Base flies next to a Russian Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear bomber on 28 September 2006 during a Russian exercise that brought the Bear near the west coast of Alaska.

The 12th Fighter Squadron (12 FS) was part of the 3d Wing at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska until its decommission in September 2006. The squadron operated the F-15 Eagle aircraft conducting air superiority missions.

Mission[edit]

Mobilizes, deploys, and employs the F-15C air superiority fighter in global expeditionary support of all war-fighting commands.[1]

History[edit]

The 12th flew patrols over the Pacific from Christmas Island between February and October 1942. It participated in combat operations in South and Southwest Pacific from, 19 November 1942 – 14 August 1945.[2]

It also flew combat missions in Korea from, 1 August 1950 – 8 January 1953 and 25 February – 27 July 1953 and in Vietnam from, 1 February – 15 March 1965 and 15 June – 25 August 1965.[2]

The squadron stood alert in South Korea from, 23 January – 13 June 1968, after seizure of the U.S.S. Pueblo by North Korea. It supported air defense alert capability in Southeast Asia from, 1968–1972.[2]

The squadron was unmanned and unequipped from May 1972 – November 1975. It remanned and reequipped with F-4 Phantom IIaircraft in late November 1975. Through 1980, it flew offensive and defensive exercises in support of its wing, the 313th Air Division, and Pacific Air Forces. It converted to F-15 Eagle aircraft in 1980. In 1981, the 12th earned the Hughes Trophy in recognition as the outstanding fighter squadron in the USAF. On 5 November 1999, the squadron stood down at Kadena Air Base, Japan, and moved without personnel or equipment to Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska where it joined the 3d Wing on 28 April 2000. Since 2000, performed offensive and defensive counter-air missions with current air-to-air weaponry, including night vision goggles (NVG), to achieve air superiority in support of taskings from 3 Wing.[2]

The squadron was decommissioned in September 2006, due to BRAC (Base Realignment and Closure) program released in 2005, and it was eventually replaced by F-22A squadrons.

Lineage[2][edit]

12th Fighter-Bomber Squadron North American P-51D-30-NA Mustang 44-74617, on a South Korean airfield, 1950
  • Constituted 12th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, on 26 January 1944
Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 6 May 1946
Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron, Jet, on 23 December 1949
Redesignated: 12th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 20 January 1950
Redesignated: 12th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 July 1958
Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron on 1 October 1991
Inactivated in October 2007

Assignments[2][edit]

Attached to VII Interceptor [later, VII Fighter] Command, 10 February – 17 August 1942
Attached to: Air Task Group 5, Provisional, 27 January – 19 February 1955
Attached to: Air Task Force 13, Provisional, c. 3 September – 30 November 1955
Attached to: 49th Fighter-Bomber Group, 7 August 1956 – 14 March 1957
Attached to: 18th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 15 March – 15 August 1957
Attached to: Thirteenth Air Force, 16 August – 1 September 1957
Attached to: 2d Air Division, 1 February – 15 March 1965 and 15 June – 25 August 1965
Attached to: 314th Air Division, 23–29 January 1968

Bases stationed[2][edit]

Aircraft Operated[2][edit]

Operations[2][edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.