12th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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12th Mechanized Brigade
12th Mechanized.svg
Insignia of 12th Mechanized Brigade
Active 1899 - present day
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Mechanized infantry
Part of 3rd (UK) Mechanized Division
Garrison/HQ Bulford Camp
Engagements World War I
Le Cateau
Battle of Marne
Battle of Aisne
First Battle of Ypres (1914)
Battle of Messines (1914)
Hill 60
Second Battle of Ypres (1915)
Battle of Albert
Battle of Le Transloy
Battle of the Somme
First Battle of the Scarpe
Third Battle of the Scarpe
Battle of Polygon Wood
Battle of Broodseinde
Battle of Poelcapelle
Battle of Passchendaele
Battle of Arras (1918)
Battle of Hazebroucke
Battle of Bethune
Advance in Flanders
Battle of the Scarpe (1918)
Battle of Drocourt-Queant
Battle of the Canal du Nord
Battle of the Selle
Battle of Valenciennes
World War II

The 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade, formerly the 12th Mechanized Brigade, is a regular British Army brigade which has been in existence since 1899 and now forms part of 3rd Mechanised Division.

History[edit]

Second Boer War[edit]

The brigade was first formed in December 1899 as 12th Infantry Brigade and saw action at the Battle of Rensburg, Battle of Norval's Point, Battle of Biddulph's Berg and Battle of Slabbert's Nek.[1]

First World War[edit]

During the First World War, the 12th Infantry Brigade, a regular army formation, was assigned to the 4th Infantry Division. It was dispatched to France, crossing the English Channel on 22 August 1914, as part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and saw action in the First Battle of the Marne beginning in September 1914. It then spent much of the rest of the conflict engaged in trench warfare.[1]

Brigade units during the First World War included:

From early November 1915 until February 1916 the 12th Brigade was swapped with the 107th Brigade of the 36th (Ulster) Division.

Second World War[edit]

During the Second World War, except for a few brief periods of detachment, the brigade formed part of 4th Infantry Division. It was part of the British Expeditionary Force and took part in the Dunkirk evacuation in May 1940. It moved to North Africa in February 1943 to take part in the later stages of the Tunisia Campaign and saw action at the Battle of Oved Zara, the Battle of Medjez Plain and the Battle of Tunis. It then took part in the Italian Campaign, moving to Naples in February 1944 and saw further action at the Fourth Battle of Monte Cassino. By October 1944 the Division was taking part in Eighth Army's battle on the Gothic Line but was withdrawn in November to spend the rest of the war in Greece, part of the Allied force tasked to prevent civil unrest as rival factions attempted to fill the political vacuum when the Germans withdrew from the country.[1]

Brigade units during the Second World War included:

Commanders during the Second World War included:

  • 3 September 1939 Brigadier John Clark
  • 20 October 1939 Brig. John Hawkesworth
  • 18 June 1940 Brig. Daniel Beak
  • 10 December 1941 Brig. R.G.W. Callaghan
  • 14 April 1943 Lieutenant Colonel J.M. Haycroft (Acting)
  • 17 April 1943 Brig. Richard Hull
  • 17 June 1943 Brig. Gordon MacMillan
  • 22 June 1943 Lt-Col. B.J.G Madden (Acting)
  • 29 June 1943 Lt-Col. J.M. Haycroft (Acting)
  • 7 July 1943 Lt Col. T.P.D. Scott
  • 12 November 1943 Brig. F.M. Elliott
  • 26 April 1944 Brig. A.G.W. Heber-Percy

Post-1945[edit]

The Brigade was disbanded in March 1947, but reformed from 91 Lorried Infantry Brigade in April 1956.[1] After being briefly converted to "Task Force Delta" in the late 1970s, the brigade was reinstated in 1981.[2] Moved to 1st Armoured Division, it remained, with a spell under HQ 3rd Armoured Division during Operation Granby, until disbandment under Options for Change.[1] Following the Strategic Defence Review in 1998, the brigade was reformed in mechanized form under 3rd Armoured Division at Aldershot: it relocated to Ward Barracks in Bulford in February 2004.[1]

Present[edit]

The brigade headquarters, with two battle groups - the 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment and the 1st Battalion The Grenadier Guards - deployed to Afghanistan in 2007 to form the headquarters and main infantry combat units of Task Force Helmand as a part of the NATO International Security Assistance Force.[3] Under Army 2020, its headquarters remains at Bulford and it forms part of the Reaction Force. It has been renamed 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade.[4][5]

Formation structure[edit]

Regular units only

3rd Division
Brigade Armoured Cavalry Armoured Armoured Infantry Heavy Protected Mobility
12th Armoured Infantry Brigade The Royal Lancers King's Royal Hussars 1st Yorkshire Regiment
1st Royal Welsh[6]
1st Scots Guards[7]

Brigade Commanders[edit]

Recent commanders have included:[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "History of 12 Mech Bde HQ and Sig Sqn (228)" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  2. ^ Watson, p. 76
  3. ^ Task Force Helmand Transfer of Authority Ceremony NATO
  4. ^ "Regular Army Basing PLab". Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Army 2020 Brochure". Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Regular Army Basing Announcement". AFF. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  7. ^ "page 7. This rotation occurs until 2016." (PDF). Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  8. ^ "Army Commands" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]