12th century BC
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|Millennium:||2nd millennium BC|
|Decades:||1190s BC 1180s BC 1170s BC 1160s BC 1150s BC
1140s BC 1130s BC 1120s BC 1110s BC 1100s BC
|Categories:||Births – Deaths
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 12th century BC is the period from 1200 to 1101 BC.
- 1197 BC: The beginning of first period (1197 BC – 982 BC) by Sau Yung's concept of the I Ching and history.
- 1197 BC: Ramses III of Egypt repels attacks by northern invaders (the "Sea-Peoples").
- 1194 BC: The beginning of the legendary Trojan War.
- 1192 BC: Wu Ding, king of Shang Dynasty, died.
- 1191 BC: Menestheus, legendary King of Athens, dies during the Trojan War after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus. Other accounts place his death a decade later and shortly after the Trojan War (see 1180s BC).
- 1186 BC: End of the Nineteenth dynasty of Egypt, start of the Twentieth Dynasty.
- April 24, 1184 BC: Traditional date for the fall of Troy, Asia Minor to the Mycenaeans and their allies. This marks the end of the Trojan War of Greek mythology.
- 1181 BC: Menestheus, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus. Other accounts place his death a decade earlier and during the Trojan War (see 1190s BC).
- 1180 BC: The last Kassite king, Anllil-nadin-akhe, is defeated by the Elamites
- 1180 BC: Collapse of Hittite power in Anatolia with the destruction of their capital Hattusa.
- April 16, 1178 BC: A solar eclipse may mark the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War. He discovers a number of suitors competing to marry his wife Penelope, whom they believe to be a widow, in order to succeed him on the throne. He organizes their slaying and re-establishes himself on the throne.
- 1160 BC: Death of Pharaoh Ramesses V, from smallpox.
- 1159 BC: The Hekla 3 eruption triggers an 18-year period of climatic worsening.
- 1154 BC: Death of King Menelaus of Sparta (estimated date).
- 1154 BC: Death of exiled Queen Helen of Sparta at Rhodes. (estimated date).
- c. 1150 BC: End of Egyptian rule in Palestine. Rameses VI last Pharaoh acknowledged.
- 1147 BC: Demophon, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 33 years and is succeeded by his son Oxyntes.
- 1137 BC: Ramses VII begins his reign as the sixth ruler of the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt.
- 1135 BC: Oxyntes, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 12 years and is succeeded by his elder son Apheidas.
- 1134 BC: Apheidas, legendary King of Athens, is assassinated and succeeded by his younger brother Thymoetes after a reign of 1 year.
- 1126 BC: Thymoetes, legendary King of Athens, dies childless after a reign of 8 years. He is succeeded by his designated heir Melanthus of Pylos, a fifth-generation descendant of Neleus who had reportedly assisted him in battle against the Boeotians.
- 1122 BC: Legendary founding date of the city of Pyongyang.
- c. 1120 BC: destruction of Troy VIIb1
- 1115 BC: Tiglath-Pileser I becomes king of Assyria.
- 1110 BC: Cadiz (Gadir) founded by Phoenicians in southwestern Spain.
- 1100 BC: Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria conquers the Hittites.
- c. 1100 BC: The Dorians supposedly invade Greece.
- c. 1100 BC: Beginning of the proto-Villanovan culture in northern Italy.
- c. 1100 BC: Mycenaean civilization ends. Start of Greek Archaic Period.
- c. 1100 BC: The New Kingdom in Egypt comes to an end.
- Elamite invaders loot art treasures from Mesopotamia and carry them in Susa.
- Fang ding, from Tomb 1004, Houjiazhuang, Anyang, Henan, is made. Shang dynasty, Anyang period. It is now kept at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (approximate date).
- Amenemses, Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt (1202 BC–1199 BC)
- 1153 BC—Death of pharaoh Ramesses III of Egypt
- 1126 BC—Nebuchadnezzar I becomes king of Babylon
Inventions, discoveries, introductions