12th century in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1100 . 1101 . 1102 . 1103 . 1104 . 1105 . 1106 ...
1107 1108 1109 -1110- 1111 1112 1113
... 1114 . 1115 . 1116 . 1117 . 1118 . 1119 . 1120 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The 12th century in Western Europe saw an increase in the production of Latin texts and a proliferation of literate clerics from the multiplying cathedral schools. At the same time, vernacular literatures ranging from Provençal to Icelandic embodied in lyric and romance the values and worldview of an increasingly self-conscious and prosperous courtly aristocracy. These two trends contributed to a sweeping revival of letters with a lasting influence on the development of literature in the following centuries.
- 1104: September 3 St. Cuthbert is reburied in Durham Cathedral (England) and the St. Cuthbert Gospel of St. John removed
- 1170 Poet, politician and historian Lu You travels on the Grand Canal (China) from Shaoxing to the river Yangtze, recording his progress in a diary
- Before 1173 Copenhagen Psalter produced in northern England
- c. 1193 The university and its libraries at Nalanda in India is sacked and burned by Turkic invader Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji; the burning of the library is said to have continued for several months
- early 12th century
- by 1106 Lebor na hUidre
- 1108 Dei gesta per Francos by Guibert of Nogent
- c. 1112-1118 Gesta principum Polonorum by 'Gallus Anonymus'
- c. 1113 Primary Chronicle (Old Church Slavonic: Повѣсть времяньныхъ лѣтъ, Povest' Vremyan'nykh Let', Tale of Bygone Years or Chronicle of Nestor)
- 1122-1154 Peterborough Chronicle
- c. 1125-1150 Historia Hierosolymitanae expeditionis by Albert of Aix
- c. 1136 Historia Regum Britanniae by Geoffrey of Monmouth
- from 1137 Vita Ludovici regis by Abbot Suger and Historia gloriosi regis Ludovici by Suger and others
- c. 1140 Chronicon Roskildense
- c. 1150-1155 Roman de Brut by Wace
- c. 1170 Chronicon Lethrense
- 1170-1184 Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum by William of Tyre
- 1171 Chronicon Slavorum by Adam of Bremen
- c. 1181-1182 Witherlogh by Sven Aggesen
- c. 1186-1187 Historia brevis regum Dacie by Sven Aggesen
- 1188 Topographia Hibernica ("Topography of Ireland") by Gerald of Wales
- 1190s Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja
- c. 1190-1215 Brut by Layamon
- c. 1193-1198 De instructione principis ("On the education of a prince") by Gerald of Wales
- late 12th century Gesta Danorum by Saxo Grammaticus
- early 12th century Rhinelandic Rhyming Bible
- c. 1120 Theologia 'Summi Boni' by Peter Abelard
- c. 1121 Sic et Non by Peter Abelard
- c. 1150 Hayy ibn Yaqdhan by Ibn Tufail
- c. 1150 The Four Books of Sentences (Libri Quattuor Sententiarum) by Peter Lombard
- c. 1160 Policraticus by John of Salisbury
- c. 1175-1200 Poema Morale
- c. 1190 Senchakushū by Hōnen
- 1196 Revelation of St Nicholas to a monk of Evesham
- 11th or 12th century Betha Meic Creiche ("Life of Mac Creiche")
- 12th century
- c. 1124 Vita Anselmi (life of Anselm of Canterbury) by Eadmer (and other lives of British saints)
- 1148 Alexiad by Anna Komnene
- c. 1160-1170 Het Leven van Sint Servaes ("The Life of Saint Servatius") by Heinrich von Veldeke
- c. 1199 De rebus a se gestis (autobiography) by Gerald of Wales
Epic/Saga/Chanson du Geste
- Earliest texts of the Tristan and Iseult legend
- c. 1160 Roman d'Enéas
- c. 1180 Chanson d'Antioche
- c. 1180–1210 Nibelungenlied
- late 12th century
- Chanson de Jérusalem
- Digenis Acritas
- Metrical Dindshenchas
- c. 12th century
- c. 1100 Culhwch and Olwen
- c. 1170 Érec et Énide by Chrétien de Troyes
- c. 1176 Cligès by Chrétien de Troyes
- c. 1177-1181 by Chrétien de Troyes
- c. 1180s
- Ipomedon by Hue de Rotelande
- Protheselaus by Hue de Rotelande
- c. 1181-1191 Perceval, le Conte du Graal by Chrétien de Troyes
- 1121 Kalīleh o Demneh (Persian: کلیله و دمنه), translation of the Panchatantra made by Abu'l Ma'ali Nasr Allah Munshi
- c. 1119 Lyric poetry by William IX, Duke of Aquitaine, in Old Occitan known
- c. 1124-1127 Waka anthology Kin'yō Wakashū compiled by Minamoto no Shunrai
- 1140s-1150s Goliardic poetry by Hugh Primas of Orléans
- c. 1151-1154 Waka anthology Shika Wakashū compiled by Fujiwara no Akisuke
- 1160s Goliardic poetry by the Archpoet
- c. 1188 Waka anthology Senzai Wakashū compiled by Fujiwara no Shunzei
- late 12th century Lais by Marie de France
- 1191 Itinerarium Cambriae by Gerald of Wales
- 1194 Descriptio Cambriae by Gerald of Wales
- b. 1100/10 Geoffrey of Monmouth, Welsh chronicler (d. 1155)
- b. 1101: August 24 Su Shi, Chinese poet (b. 1037)
- d. 1105: July 13 Rashi, French rabbinical scholar (b. 1040)
- d. 1109: April 21 Anselm of Canterbury, Aostan-born archbishop and philosopher (b. c. 1033)
- b. c. 1110 Wace, Jèrriais poet (d. after 1174)
- b. 1125: October 17 Lu You, Chinese poet (d. 1209)
- d. c. 1126 Eadmer, Anglo-Saxon ecclesiastic and historian (b. c. 1060)
- d. 1131: December 4 Omar Khayyám, Persian philosopher, scientist and presumed poet (b. 1048)
- b. c. 1146 Gerald of Wales, Cambro-Norman churchman and topographer (d. c. 1223)
- fl. late 12th century Chrétien de Troyes, Old French poet
- Ellis Peters' The Cadfael Chronicles (from 1977) are set during The Anarchy on the borders of the Kingdom of England.
- Walter Scott's novel Ivanhoe (1820) is set in 1194.
- Shi Nai'an's novel Water Margin (14th century) is set in Song Dynasty China.
- 12th century in poetry
- 11th century in literature
- 13th century in literature
- list of years in literature
- Lu, You (2007). Watson, Philip, ed. Grand Canal, Great River: the travel diary of a twelfth-century Chinese poet. London: Frances Lincoln. ISBN 9780711227194.
- Minhaj-i-Siraj (1260), Tabaqat-i Nasiri
- Dalrymple, William. The Buddha and the Sahibs.
- Scott, David (May 1995). "Buddhism and Islam: Past to Present Encounters and Interfaith Lessons". Numen 42 (2): 141. doi:10.1163/1568527952598657.
- Sen, Gertrude Emerson (1964). The Story of Early Indian Civilization. Orient Longmans.
- Abridged in Flores Historiarum. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature vol. II, chapter XIII, section 10.