12th parallel north

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12°
12th parallel north

The 12th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 12 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 12 hours, 50 minutes during the summer solstice and 11 hours, 25 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 12° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
12°0′N 0°0′E / 12.000°N 0.000°E / 12.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  Burkina Faso
12°0′N 2°19′E / 12.000°N 2.317°E / 12.000; 2.317 (Niger)  Niger For about 15 km
12°0′N 2°28′E / 12.000°N 2.467°E / 12.000; 2.467 (Benin)  Benin
12°0′N 3°15′E / 12.000°N 3.250°E / 12.000; 3.250 (Niger)  Niger
12°0′N 3°40′E / 12.000°N 3.667°E / 12.000; 3.667 (Nigeria)  Nigeria
12°0′N 14°38′E / 12.000°N 14.633°E / 12.000; 14.633 (Cameroon)  Cameroon
12°0′N 15°5′E / 12.000°N 15.083°E / 12.000; 15.083 (Chad)  Chad Passing just south of N'Djamena
12°0′N 22°37′E / 12.000°N 22.617°E / 12.000; 22.617 (Sudan)  Sudan
11°0′N 32°45′E / 11.000°N 32.750°E / 11.000; 32.750 (South Sudan)  South Sudan
11°0′N 33°13′E / 11.000°N 33.217°E / 11.000; 33.217 (Sudan)  Sudan
12°0′N 35°18′E / 12.000°N 35.300°E / 12.000; 35.300 (Ethiopia)  Ethiopia Passing through Lake Tana
12°0′N 42°5′E / 12.000°N 42.083°E / 12.000; 42.083 (Djibouti)  Djibouti
12°0′N 43°23′E / 12.000°N 43.383°E / 12.000; 43.383 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Gulf of Aden - passing just north of the northernmost point of  Somalia
Arabian Sea - passing just south of the Socotra archipelago,  Yemen
12°0′N 75°15′E / 12.000°N 75.250°E / 12.000; 75.250 (India)  India Kerala
Karnataka
Tamil Nadu
Puducherry - for about 4 km
Tamil Nadu
12°0′N 79°51′E / 12.000°N 79.850°E / 12.000; 79.850 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal
12°0′N 92°37′E / 12.000°N 92.617°E / 12.000; 92.617 (India)  India Andaman and Nicobar Islands - South Andaman Island and Havelock Island
12°0′N 93°1′E / 12.000°N 93.017°E / 12.000; 93.017 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Andaman Sea
12°0′N 97°44′E / 12.000°N 97.733°E / 12.000; 97.733 (Myanmar)  Burma (Burma) Mergui Archipelago and mainland
12°0′N 99°35′E / 12.000°N 99.583°E / 12.000; 99.583 (Thailand)  Thailand
12°0′N 99°52′E / 12.000°N 99.867°E / 12.000; 99.867 (Gulf of Thailand) Gulf of Thailand
12°0′N 102°18′E / 12.000°N 102.300°E / 12.000; 102.300 (Thailand)  Thailand Island of Ko Chang
12°0′N 102°25′E / 12.000°N 102.417°E / 12.000; 102.417 (Gulf of Thailand) Gulf of Thailand
12°0′N 102°46′E / 12.000°N 102.767°E / 12.000; 102.767 (Thailand)  Thailand For about 1 km
12°0′N 102°47′E / 12.000°N 102.783°E / 12.000; 102.783 (Cambodia)  Cambodia
12°0′N 106°45′E / 12.000°N 106.750°E / 12.000; 106.750 (Vietnam)  Vietnam
12°0′N 109°14′E / 12.000°N 109.233°E / 12.000; 109.233 (South China Sea) South China Sea Passing just north of the island of Culion,  Philippines
12°0′N 120°1′E / 12.000°N 120.017°E / 12.000; 120.017 (Philippines)  Philippines Busuanga Island
12°0′N 120°20′E / 12.000°N 120.333°E / 12.000; 120.333 (Sulu Sea) Sulu Sea
12°0′N 121°22′E / 12.000°N 121.367°E / 12.000; 121.367 (Philippines)  Philippines Semirara Island
12°0′N 121°24′E / 12.000°N 121.400°E / 12.000; 121.400 (Sulu Sea) Sulu Sea Passing just north of the island of Molocamboc,  Philippines
Passing just north of the island of Borocay,  Philippines
12°0′N 121°55′E / 12.000°N 121.917°E / 12.000; 121.917 (Sibuyan Sea) Sibuyan Sea
12°0′N 123°11′E / 12.000°N 123.183°E / 12.000; 123.183 (Philippines)  Philippines Masbate Island
12°0′N 123°15′E / 12.000°N 123.250°E / 12.000; 123.250 (Visayan Sea) Visayan Sea Asid Gulf
12°0′N 123°43′E / 12.000°N 123.717°E / 12.000; 123.717 (Philippines)  Philippines Masbate Island
12°0′N 124°2′E / 12.000°N 124.033°E / 12.000; 124.033 (Samar Sea) Samar Sea Passing just south of the island of Tagapul-an,  Philippines
Passing just north of the island of Almagro,  Philippines
Passing just north of the island of Camandag,  Philippines
12°0′N 124°41′E / 12.000°N 124.683°E / 12.000; 124.683 (Philippines)  Philippines Samar Island
12°0′N 125°28′E / 12.000°N 125.467°E / 12.000; 125.467 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing just north of Enewetak atoll,  Marshall Islands
Passing just north of Bikini Atoll,  Marshall Islands
Passing just south of Bikar Atoll,  Marshall Islands
12°0′N 86°41′W / 12.000°N 86.683°W / 12.000; -86.683 (Nicaragua)  Nicaragua Passing through Lake Nicaragua
12°0′N 83°46′W / 12.000°N 83.767°W / 12.000; -83.767 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Passing just south of the Corn Islands,  Nicaragua
Passing just south of the Albuquerque Cays,  Colombia
12°0′N 72°11′W / 12.000°N 72.183°W / 12.000; -72.183 (Colombia)  Colombia Guajira Peninsula
12°0′N 71°9′W / 12.000°N 71.150°W / 12.000; -71.150 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Gulf of Venezuela
12°0′N 70°15′W / 12.000°N 70.250°W / 12.000; -70.250 (Venezuela)  Venezuela Paraguaná Peninsula
12°0′N 69°49′W / 12.000°N 69.817°W / 12.000; -69.817 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Passing between the islands of Curaçao and Klein Curaçao,  Curaçao
Passing just south of the island of Bonaire,  Netherlands
Passing just north of the Las Aves archipelago,  Venezuela
Passing just north of the Los Roques archipelago,  Venezuela
Passing just north of La Orchila island,  Venezuela
Passing just north of Blanquilla Island,  Venezuela
12°0′N 61°48′W / 12.000°N 61.800°W / 12.000; -61.800 (Grenada)  Grenada
12°0′N 61°42′W / 12.000°N 61.700°W / 12.000; -61.700 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
12°0′N 16°20′W / 12.000°N 16.333°W / 12.000; -16.333 (Guinea-Bissau)  Guinea-Bissau
12°0′N 13°42′W / 12.000°N 13.700°W / 12.000; -13.700 (Guinea)  Guinea
12°0′N 11°16′W / 12.000°N 11.267°W / 12.000; -11.267 (Mali)  Mali For about 3 km
12°0′N 11°14′W / 12.000°N 11.233°W / 12.000; -11.233 (Guinea)  Guinea
12°0′N 10°46′W / 12.000°N 10.767°W / 12.000; -10.767 (Mali)  Mali
12°0′N 10°34′W / 12.000°N 10.567°W / 12.000; -10.567 (Guinea)  Guinea
12°0′N 8°48′W / 12.000°N 8.800°W / 12.000; -8.800 (Mali)  Mali
12°0′N 4°55′W / 12.000°N 4.917°W / 12.000; -4.917 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
12°0′N 4°45′W / 12.000°N 4.750°W / 12.000; -4.750 (Mali)  Mali For about 1 km
12°0′N 4°44′W / 12.000°N 4.733°W / 12.000; -4.733 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso

See also[edit]

References[edit]