13.5 cm K 09

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13.5 cm Kanone 09
Krupp 135mm Field Gun Full.JPG
Surviving Krupp 13.5cm K09 Field Gun in the Wellington Botanic Garden
Type Heavy field gun
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
Used by  German Empire
Wars World War I
Production history
Designer Krupp
Manufacturer Krupp
Number built about 190
Specifications
Weight 6,730 kilograms (14,840 lb)
Length 8,200 millimetres (320 in)
Barrel length 189 inches (4.8 m) (L/35.6)
Width 1,920 millimetres (76 in)

Shell 42 kilograms (93 lb)
Caliber 135 millimetres (5.3 in)
Recoil 1,420 millimetres (56 in)
Carriage box trail
Elevation -5° to +26°
Traverse
Muzzle velocity 635 m/s (2,085 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 16,500 yards (15,100 m)

The 13.5 cm Kanone 09 (13.5 cm K 09) was a heavy breech-loading field artillery gun used by Germany in World War I. Built by Friedrich Krupp AG, in Essen, Germany, this gun was intended to supplement the 10 cm K 04. Only four were in service at the outbreak of the war.[1] It was withdrawn from service in 1915 as it was deemed to be too much gun for too little shell, but it was returned to service later in the war when the Allied blockade began to affect German ammunition production.

One of these guns was captured during the Battle of the Canal du Nord, on 29 September 1918, by the New Zealand Division. Two battalions of the Wellington Regiment were engaged in this action, which was part of an Allied attack on the Hindenburg Line. At the end of the war, the captured gun, Nr 4, and many other captured German weapons were sent to New Zealand as war trophies. In 1920, Nr 4 was given to the city of Wellington in honor of its soldiers. The gun, believed to be one of a few remaining in existence, is currently on public display in the Wellington Botanic Garden.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jäger, p. 29

References[edit]

  • Hogg, Ian. Twentieth-Century Artillery. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2000 ISBN 0-7607-1994-2
  • Jäger, Herbert. German Artillery of World War One. Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press, 2001 ISBN 1-86126-403-8

External links[edit]