From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1300. For the number, see 1300 (number).
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1270s 1280s 1290s – 1300s – 1310s 1320s 1330s|
|Years:||1297 1298 1299 – 1300 – 1301 1302 1303|
|1300 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1300 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2053|
|Bahá'í calendar||−544 – −543|
|English Regnal year||28 Edw. 1 – 29 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)
3996 or 3936
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3997 or 3937
|- Vikram Samvat||1356–1357|
|- Shaka Samvat||1222–1223|
|- Kali Yuga||4401–4402|
|Japanese calendar||Shōan 2
|Minguo calendar||612 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1843|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1300.|
- February 22 – The Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII is celebrated. It is at this celebration that Giovanni Villani decides to write his universal history of Florence, the Cronica.
- March 10 – Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of England (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. It is generally agreed that creag was an early form of cricket (see also History of cricket to 1696).
- June 15 – The city of Bilbao receives a royal foundation charter.
- Money from Florence, Italy becomes the first international currency.
- Philip IV of France begins his attempt to annex Flanders.
- Wenceslas II of Bohemia becomes King of Poland.
- A census in Imperial China finds that it has roughly 60 million inhabitants.
- The Tuareg establish a state centered on Agadez.
- Amsterdam is officially declared a city.
- Jacob ben Machir is appointed dean of the medical school at Montpellier.
- Aztec culture starts in Mesoamerica (approximate date).
- The Dulcinian sect begins when Gherardo Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren, is burned at the stake in Parma during a brutal repression of the Apostolics
- March 21 – Henry Suso, German mystic (d. 1366)
- June 1 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
- September 27 – Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (d. 1327)
- date unknown
- Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Augustinian monk (d. 1342)
- Geoffroi de Charny, French knight and chivalric writer (d. 1356)
- Richard FitzRalph, Archbishop of Armagh (d. 1360)
- Taddeo Gaddi, Italian painter and architect (d. 1366)
- John of Winterthur, Swiss historian
- Laurence Minot, English poet (d. 1352)
- February 19 – Munio de Zamora, General of the Dominican Order
- May 2 – Blanche of Artois, regent of Navarre
- July 18 – Gerard Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren (burned at stake)
- August 29 – Guido Cavalcanti, Italian poet (b. 1250)
- September – Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall (approximate date; b. 1249)
- December – Jean de Montfort-Castres, Count of Squillace
- date unknown
- March 25 (April 2 in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Good Friday) – The date of Dante's journey as the protagonist in his own epic poem, The Divine Comedy. Beginning with the Inferno, he made many cultural references to his time.
- Till Eulenspiegel is said to have been born in this year.
- Alexandra Gajewski & Zoë Opacic (ed.), The Year 1300 and the Creation of a New European Architecture (Architectura Medii Aevi, 1), Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2007. ISBN 978-2-503-52286-9