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This article is about the year 1309.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1270s 1280s 1290s – 1300s – 1310s 1320s 1330s|
|Years:||1306 1307 1308 – 1309 – 1310 1311 1312|
|1309 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1309 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2062|
|Bahá'í calendar||−535 – −534|
|English Regnal year||2 Edw. 2 – 3 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4005 or 3945
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4006 or 3946
|- Vikram Samvat||1365–1366|
|- Shaka Samvat||1231–1232|
|- Kali Yuga||4410–4411|
|Japanese calendar||Enkyō 2
|Minguo calendar||603 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1852|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1309.|
- March 9 – Pope Clement V settles the papal seat in Avignon, following a visit.
- August 15 – The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. John, completing their conquest of Rhodes. The knights establish their headquarters on the island, and rename themselves as the Knights of Rhodes.
- September 12 – Ferdinand IV of Castile captures the town of Gibraltar in his campaign against the Emirate of Granada.
- The first historical records of village Lukáčovce, Slovakia.
- Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, is bought by the Percy family, later Earls of Northumberland.
- May 5 – Charles II of Naples
- date unknown – James of St. George, Savoyard military architect (b. 1230)