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This article is about the year 1339.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1300s 1310s 1320s – 1330s – 1340s 1350s 1360s|
|Years:||1336 1337 1338 – 1339 – 1340 1341 1342|
|1339 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1339 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2092|
|English Regnal year||12 Edw. 3 – 13 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4035 or 3975
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4036 or 3976
|- Vikram Samvat||1395–1396|
|- Shaka Samvat||1261–1262|
|- Kali Yuga||4440–4441|
|Japanese calendar||Ryakuō 2
|Minguo calendar||573 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1881–1882|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1339.|
- June 21 – Battle of Laupen
- September 18 – Emperor Go-Murakami accedes to the throne of Japan.
- September 23 – Simone Boccanegra is elected as the first Doge of Genoa.
- Shams-ud-Din Shah Mir, having defeated Kota Rani, Hindu queen regnant of Kashmir, in battle at Jayapur (modern Sumbal), asks her to marry him, but she commits suicide rather than do so; thus he takes over sole rule of Kashmir, beginning the Muslim Sayyid Dynasty.
- All streets in the city of Florence are paved, the first European city in post-Roman times where this has happened.
- The Moscow Kremlin is first referred to as a Kremlin.
- July 23 – Louis I, Duke of Anjou (d. 1384)
- November 1 – Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1365)
- date unknown
- February 17 – Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)
- May 26 – Aldona Ona, Queen of Poland (b. c. 1309)
- August 16 – Azzone Visconti, founder of the state of Milan (b. 1302)
- August 25 – Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (b. 1260)
- September 1 – Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1305)
- September 19 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
- October 29 – Alexander I, Grand Prince of Tver (b. 1301)