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This article is about the year 1344.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1310s 1320s 1330s – 1340s – 1350s 1360s 1370s|
|Years:||1341 1342 1343 – 1344 – 1345 1346 1347|
|1344 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1344 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2097|
|English Regnal year||17 Edw. 3 – 18 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||癸未年 (Water Goat)
4040 or 3980
— to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4041 or 3981
|- Vikram Samvat||1400–1401|
|- Shaka Samvat||1266–1267|
|- Kali Yuga||4445–4446|
|Japanese calendar||Kōei 3
|Minguo calendar||568 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1886–1887|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1344.|
- March 26 – The Siege of Algeciras, one of the first European military engagements where gunpowder was used, comes to an end.
- October 24 – Smyrniote Crusade: a Christian fleet succeeds in taking the port city of Smyrna from the Aydinid Turks.
- December 15 – Seven-year-old Erik Magnusson, the eldest son of king Magnus V of Sweden, is appointed heir to the Swedish throne, even though Sweden, at this time, is an elective monarchy.
- King Edward III of England introduces three new gold coins, the florin, leopard, and helm. Unfortunately the amount of gold in the coins does not match their value of 6 shillings, 3 shillings, and 1 shilling and sixpence, so they have to be withdrawn and mostly melted down by August of this year.
- The St. George's Night Uprising: Livonian Order hangs Vesse, the rebel Estonian Elder of Saaremaa Island.
- Bablake School was founded in Coventry, England by Queen Isabella.
- The Compagnia dei Bardi in Florence goes bankrupt, along with the Peruzzi Bank and the Acciaiuoli Bank.
- Famine in China.
- King Peter IV of Aragon defeats and deposes his cousin, James III of Majorca, thereby absorbing the Balearic Kingdom of Majorca into the Crown of Aragon.
- February 9 – Meinhard III, Count of Tyrol (d. 1363)
- September 18 – Marie Valois, daughter of King John II of France (d. 1404)
- October 10 – Mary Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward III of England (d. 1362)
- date unknown
- January 11 – Thomas Charlton, bishop and Lord High Treasurer of England
- January 30 – William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury (b.1301)
- April 17 – Gosdantin II of Armenia
- July 11 – Ulrich III, Count of Württemberg (b. c. 1286)
- date unknown
- probable – Simone Martini, Sienese painter (b. 1284)