1347

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 13th century14th century15th century
Decades: 1310s  1320s  1330s  – 1340s –  1350s  1360s  1370s
Years: 1344 1345 134613471348 1349 1350
1347 by topic
Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments - Disestablishments
Art and literature
1347 in poetry
1347 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1347
MCCCXLVII
Ab urbe condita 2100
Armenian calendar 796
ԹՎ ՉՂԶ
Assyrian calendar 6097
Bahá'í calendar −497 – −496
Bengali calendar 754
Berber calendar 2297
English Regnal year 20 Edw. 3 – 21 Edw. 3
Buddhist calendar 1891
Burmese calendar 709
Byzantine calendar 6855–6856
Chinese calendar 丙戌(Fire Dog)
4043 or 3983
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4044 or 3984
Coptic calendar 1063–1064
Discordian calendar 2513
Ethiopian calendar 1339–1340
Hebrew calendar 5107–5108
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1403–1404
 - Shaka Samvat 1269–1270
 - Kali Yuga 4448–4449
Holocene calendar 11347
Igbo calendar 347–348
Iranian calendar 725–726
Islamic calendar 747–748
Japanese calendar Jōwa 3
(貞和3年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 1347
MCCCXLVII
Korean calendar 3680
Minguo calendar 565 before ROC
民前565年
Thai solar calendar 1890


Year 1347 (MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

January–December[edit]

  • December 27 – to fund the military operations in Corsica, the Republic of Genoa had to borrow at 20% from an association of creditors known as the Compera nuova acquisitionis Corsicæ.[1]

Date unknown[edit]


Asia[edit]

Western Asia[edit]

The Mamluke Empire was hit by the plague in the autumn.[2] Baghdad was hit in the same year.[3]

Central and East Asia[edit]

After years of resistance against the Delhi Sultan Muhammud bin Tughluq, the Bahmani Kingdom, a Muslim Sultanate in Deccan, was established on August 3, when King Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah was crowned in a mosque in Daulatabad.[4] Later in the year, the Kingdom's capital was moved from Daulatabad to the more central Gulbarga.[5][6] Southeast Asia suffered a drought which dried up an important river which ran through the capital city of the Kingdom of Ayodhya, forcing the King to move the capital to a new location on the Lop Buri River.[7]

Europe[edit]

Eastern and Scandinavian[edit]

Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411).

On 2 February the Byzantine Empire's civil war between John VI Kantakouzenos and the regency ended with John VI entering Constantinople. On 8 February, an agreement was concluded with the empress Anna of Savoy, whereby he and John V Palaiologos would rule jointly. The agreement was finalized in May when John V married Kantakouzenos' 15-year-old daughter. The war had come at a high cost economically and territorially, and much of the Empire was in need of rebuilding.[8] To make matters worse, in May Genoese ships fleeing the Black Death in Kaffa stopped in Constantinople. The plague soon spread from their ships to the city.[9] By autumn, the epidemic had spread throughout the Balkans, possibly through contact with Venetian ports along the Adriatic Sea.[10] Specific cases were recorded in the northern Balkans on 25 December, in the city of Split.[11]

Jews were first accused of ritual murders in Poland in 1347.[12] Casimir III of Poland issues Poland's first codified collection of laws after the diet of Wiślica. Separate laws are codified for greater and lesser Poland.[13][14]

Central[edit]

On 20 May Cola di Rienzo, a Roman commoner, declared himself Emperor of Rome in front of a huge crowd in response to what had been several years of power struggles among the upper-class barony. Pope Clement VI, along with several of Rome's upper-class nobility, united to drive him out of the city in November.[15] In October, Genoese ships arrived in southern Italy with the Black Plague, beginning the spread of the disease in the region.[9][16]

Western Europe[edit]

In the continuing Hundred Years' War, the English won the city of Calais in a treaty signed in September. In a meeting with the Estates General in November, the French King Phillip was told that in the recent war efforts they had "lost all and gained nothing."[17] Phillip, however, was granted a portion of the money he requested and was able to continue his war effort.[18] The English King Edward offered Calais a package of economic boosts which would make Calais the key city connecting England with France economically.[19] Edward returned to England at that height of his popularity and power and for six months celebrated his successes with others in the English nobility. Although the Kingdom's funds were largely pushed towards the war, building projects among the more wealthy continued, with, for example, the completion of Pembroke College in this year.[18]

The French city of Marseilles recognized the plague on 1 September and by 1 November it had spread to Aix-en-Provence. The earliest recorded invasion of the plague into Spanish territory was in Majorca in December 1347, probably through commercial ships.[11] 3 years of Plague began in England.[20]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canale, Michele Giuseppe (1864). Nuova Istoria della repubblica di Genova. Epoca quarta (1339-1528): I dogi popolari. Florence: Felice Le Monnier. p. 151. 
  2. ^ Watts, Sheldon. Epidemics and History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-300-08087-5 pp. 25–26
  3. ^ Miller, Edward. The Cambridge Economic History of Europe. Cambridge: U.P, 1987. ISBN 0-521-08709-0 pp. 461
  4. ^ History of Bahmani Dynasty
  5. ^ ISBN 0-7614-7635-0 pp. 335
  6. ^ Britannica, Encyclopedia et al. Students' Britannica India. New Delhi: Encyclopaedia Britannica (India), 2000. ISBN 0-85229-760-2 pp. 149
  7. ^ Van Beek, Steve and Luca Invernizzi. The Arts of Thailand. Berkeley: Periplus Editions, 1999. ISBN 962-593-262-3 pp. 139
  8. ^ Mango, Cyril. The Oxford History of Byzantium. Oxford Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-19-814098-3 pp. 267
  9. ^ a b Benedictow, Ole and Ole Benedictow. The Black Death, 1346-1353. Ipswich: Boydell Press, 2004. ISBN 0-85115-943-5 pp. 51–54
  10. ^ Benedictow, Ole and Ole Benedictow. The Black Death, 1346-1353. Ipswich: Boydell Press, 2004. ISBN 0-85115-943-5 pp. 74
  11. ^ a b Benedictow, Ole and Ole Benedictow. The Black Death, 1346-1353. Ipswich: Boydell Press, 2004. ISBN 0-85115-943-5 pp. 75
  12. ^ Weinryb, Bernard. The Jews of Poland. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1973. ISBN 0-8276-0016-X pp. 27
  13. ^ Fisher, HH. America and the New Poland. City: Fisher Press, 2007. ISBN 1-4067-5084-0 pp. xv
  14. ^ Morfill, William. Poland. London: T. F. Unwin, 1893. ISBN 0-8369-9919-3 pp. 42
  15. ^ Garwood, Duncan. Lonely Planet Rome: City Guides. Hawthorn: Lonely Planet Publications, 2006. ISBN 1-74059-710-9 pp. 70
  16. ^ Corporation, Marshall. Exploring the Middle Ages. New York (Box 410: Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2006. ISBN 0-7614-7615-6 pp. 99
  17. ^ Fraioli, Deborah. Joan of Arc and the Hundred Years War. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2005. ISBN 0-313-32458-1 pp. 106
  18. ^ a b Neillands, Robin. The Hundred Years War. New York: Routledge, 1990. ISBN 0-415-07149-6 pp. 109–110
  19. ^ Corfis, Ivy and Michael Wolfe. The Medieval City under Siege. Ipswich: Boydell Press, 1999. ISBN 0-85115-756-4 pp. 55
  20. ^ Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.