138th meridian east

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Line across the Earth
138°
138th meridian east
In Australia the meridian approximately defines the border between the Northern Territory and Queensland.

The meridian 138° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 138th meridian east forms a great circle with the 42nd meridian west.

In Australia, the border between the Northern Territory and Queensland approximates the meridian. The border runs north from Poeppel Corner at a bearing of 359° 59' 30", reaching the Gulf of Gulf of Carpentaria several hundred metres west of the meridian.[1]

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 138th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 138°0′E / 90.000°N 138.000°E / 90.000; 138.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
76°0′N 138°0′E / 76.000°N 138.000°E / 76.000; 138.000 (Russia)  Russia Kotelny Island, New Siberian Islands
74°51′N 138°0′E / 74.850°N 138.000°E / 74.850; 138.000 (Laptev Sea) Laptev Sea
71°33′N 138°0′E / 71.550°N 138.000°E / 71.550; 138.000 (Russia)  Russia Yarok Island and the mainland
56°23′N 138°0′E / 56.383°N 138.000°E / 56.383; 138.000 (Sea of Okhotsk) Sea of Okhotsk
55°5′N 138°0′E / 55.083°N 138.000°E / 55.083; 138.000 (Russia)  Russia Bolshoy Shantar Island
54°46′N 138°0′E / 54.767°N 138.000°E / 54.767; 138.000 (Sea of Okhotsk) Sea of Okhotsk
53°37′N 138°0′E / 53.617°N 138.000°E / 53.617; 138.000 (Russia)  Russia
46°8′N 138°0′E / 46.133°N 138.000°E / 46.133; 138.000 (Sea of Japan) Sea of Japan
37°7′N 138°0′E / 37.117°N 138.000°E / 37.117; 138.000 (Japan)  Japan Island of Honshū
34°40′N 138°0′E / 34.667°N 138.000°E / 34.667; 138.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing just west of Yap island,  Federated States of Micronesia (at 9°27′N 138°3′E / 9.450°N 138.050°E / 9.450; 138.050 (Yap))
1°33′S 138°0′E / 1.550°S 138.000°E / -1.550; 138.000 (Indonesia)  Indonesia Island of New Guinea
5°29′S 138°0′E / 5.483°S 138.000°E / -5.483; 138.000 (Arafura Sea) Arafura Sea
7°43′S 138°0′E / 7.717°S 138.000°E / -7.717; 138.000 (Indonesia)  Indonesia Island of Yos Sudarso
8°24′S 138°0′E / 8.400°S 138.000°E / -8.400; 138.000 (Arafura Sea) Arafura Sea
12°1′S 138°0′E / 12.017°S 138.000°E / -12.017; 138.000 (Gulf of Carpentaria) Gulf of Carpentaria
16°33′S 138°0′E / 16.550°S 138.000°E / -16.550; 138.000 (Australia)  Australia Northern Territory / Queensland border (approximately)
South Australia — from 26°0′S 138°0′E / 26.000°S 138.000°E / -26.000; 138.000 (South Australia)
34°21′S 138°0′E / 34.350°S 138.000°E / -34.350; 138.000 (Gulf Saint Vincent) Gulf Saint Vincent
35°44′S 138°0′E / 35.733°S 138.000°E / -35.733; 138.000 (Australia)  Australia South AustraliaKangaroo Island
35°54′S 138°0′E / 35.900°S 138.000°E / -35.900; 138.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Australian authorities consider this to be part of the Southern Ocean[2][3]
60°0′S 138°0′E / 60.000°S 138.000°E / -60.000; 138.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
66°29′S 138°0′E / 66.483°S 138.000°E / -66.483; 138.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Adélie Land, claimed by  France

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State and Territory Borders". Geoscience Australia. 18 November 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Darby, Andrew (22 December 2003). "Canberra all at sea over position of Southern Ocean". The Age. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Indian Ocean". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 

See also[edit]