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This article is about the year 1391.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1360s 1370s 1380s – 1390s – 1400s 1410s 1420s|
|Years:||1388 1389 1390 – 1391 – 1392 1393 1394|
|1391 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1391 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2144|
|English Regnal year||14 Ric. 2 – 15 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar||庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4087 or 4027
— to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4088 or 4028
|- Vikram Samvat||1447–1448|
|- Shaka Samvat||1313–1314|
|- Kali Yuga||4492–4493|
|Japanese calendar||Meitoku 2
|Minguo calendar||521 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1933–1934|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1391.|
- June 6 – Anti-Jewish pogroms erupt in Seville, Spain. Many thousands of Jews are massacred and the violence spreads throughout Spain and Portugal.
- July 18 – Tokhtamysh–Timur war: Battle of the Kondurcha River – Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.
- August 5 – Anti-Jewish riots spread to Toledo, Spain and Barcelona. Many Jews leave Barcelona after the following massacres, though a large number remain in the city.
- Manuel II Palaiologos becomes Byzantine emperor after his father, John V Palaiologos, dies of a nervous breakdown due to his continued humiliation by the Ottoman Empire.
- Yusuf II succeeds Muhammed V as Nasrid Sultan of Granada (now southern Spain).
- Stephen Dabiša succeeds Stephen Tvrtko I as King of Bosnia.
- Shah Mansur becomes leader of the Timurid occupied Muzaffarid Empire in central Persia.
- A group of Muzaffarids under Zafar Khan Muzaffar establish a new Sultanate at Gujarat in western India.
- Vytautas the Great, claimant to the throne of Lithuania, forms an alliance with Muscovy.
- Roman I succeeds Petru I as Prince of Moldavia (now Moldova and eastern Romania).
- Konrad von Wallenrode succeeds Konrad Zöllner von Rotenstein as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.
- Bridget of Sweden is canonized by Pope Boniface IX.
- Ushkuinik pirates from Novgorod sack the Muscovy towns of Zhukotin and Kazan.
- The Chinese invent toilet paper for use by their emperors.
- Henry I Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, takes control of the Shetland Islands and the Faroe Islands.
- The University of Ferrara is founded in present-day Italy.
- Ming government orders 50 million trees planted in Nanjing area.
- October 31 – Edward, King of Portugal (d. 1438)
- November 6 – Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (d. 1425)
- Gedun Drub, 1st Dalai Lama (d. 1474)
- Michelozzo, Italian architect and sculptor (d. 1472)
- Zhu Quan, Chinese military commander, historian and playwright (d. 1448)
- Thomas West, 2nd Baron West (d. 1415)
- February 16 – John V Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1332)
- Muhammed V, Sultan of Granada
- King Stephen Tvrtko I of Bosnia
- November 1 – Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy (b. 1360)
- Gaston III, Count of Foix, co-prince of Andorra