13th Infantry Division Re

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13th Infantry Division Re
Active 1937–1943
Country Italy
Branch Italian Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Nickname Re
Engagements World War II
Battle of the Neretva
Insignia
Collar patch
(mostreggiatura)
13 Infantry Division Re.jpg

The 13th Infantry Division Re ("King") was an Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II. The Re Division was mobilized in June 1940, and took part in the Invasion of Yugoslavia. It was used as an occupation force in Croatia and took part in anti partisan operations and the Battle of the Neretva. In September 1943 when it returned to Italy and surrendered to the Germans after the Italian capitulation.[1]

Anti-Partisan Operations in Croatia[edit]

Korenica is located in Croatia
Korenica
Korenica
Korenica (Croatia)

Operation K[edit]

Operation K between 23 – 28 March 1942, was an anti-partisan operation carried out over six days by the Italian V Corps. The objective was to break through to and relieve the surrounded garrisons in Titova Korenica, Udbina and Donji Lapac the operation was successful and the division suffered only light casualties.[2]

Delnice is located in Croatia
Delnice
Delnice
Delnice (Croatia)

Operation Provincia di Lubiana[edit]

Operation Provincia di Lubiana between 12 July – 7 August 1942, was an anti-partisan operation to clear Partisans from the mountainous area north west of Delnice near the border with Slovenia. The objective was to destroy their supply bases and alienate the local population against the partisans. The operation was part of a larger anti-partisan operation. The Division carried out a scorched earth campaign by destroying the local harvest, burning 1,000 homes. They were also involved in the murder of 200 civilians and interning another 2,500 men and women in a concentration camp.[2]

Commander[edit]

General Benedetto Fiorenzoli

Order of battle[edit]

  • 1. Re Infantry Regiment
  • 2. Re Infantry Regiment
  • 23. Timav Artillery Regiment
  • 75. CCNN Legion
  • 13. Semoventi Battalion
  • 13. Motar Battalion
  • 13. Anti-Tank Company
  • 34. Mixed Carabinieri Section
  • 35. Mixed Carabinieri Section
  • 13. Engineer Company [1][nb 1]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ An Italian Infantry Division normally consisted of two Infantry Regiments (three Battalions each), an Artillery Regiment, a Mortar Battalion (two companies), an Anti Tank Company, a Blackshirt Legion of two Battalions was sometimes attached. Each Division had only about 7,000 men, The Infantry and Artillery Regiments contained 1,650 men, the Blackshirt Legion 1,200, each company 150 men.[3]
Citations
  1. ^ a b Wendal, Marcus. "Italian Army". Axis History. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  2. ^ a b H.L. deZeng IV. "Anti-Partisan Operations in the Independent State of Croatia 1941-1945". Axis History. Archived from the original on 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  3. ^ Paoletti, p 170
  • Paoletti, Ciro (2008). A Military History of Italy. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-98505-9.