13th Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 13th Canadian Parliament
First Session of the 13th Parliament, held in the Victoria Museum Ottawa, Ontario
Sir Robert Borden was Prime Minister during most of the 13th Canadian Parliament.
Arthur Meighen was Prime Minister during end of the 13th Canadian Parliament

The 13th Canadian Parliament was in session from March 18, 1918 until October 4, 1921. The membership was set by the 1917 federal election on December 17, 1917, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1921 election.

It was controlled by a Unionist Party majority first under Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden and the 10th Canadian Ministry, and after July 10, 1920 by Prime Minister Arthur Meighen and the 11th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Laurier Liberal Party, led first by Wilfrid Laurier, and then by Daniel McKenzie and William Lyon Mackenzie King consecutively.

The Speaker was Edgar Nelson Rhodes. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1914-1924 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were five sessions of the 13th Parliament; the third was opened by the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII):

Session Start End
1st March 18, 1918 May 24, 1918
2nd February 20, 1919 July 7, 1919
3rd September 1, 1919 November 10, 1919
4th February 26, 1920 July 1, 1920
5th February 14, 1921 June 4, 1921

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the thirteenth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Battle River William John Blair Unionist
Bow River Howard Hadden Halladay Unionist
Calgary West Thomas Tweedie Unionist
East Calgary Daniel Lee Redman Unionist
Edmonton East Henry Arthur Mackie Unionist
Edmonton West William Antrobus Griesbach Unionist
Lethbridge William Ashbury Buchanan Unionist
Macleod Hugh Murray Shaw Unionist
Medicine Hat Arthur Lewis Sifton (died 21 January 1921) Unionist
Robert Gardiner (by-election of 1921-06-27) Progressive
Red Deer Michael Clark Unionist
Strathcona James McCrie Douglas Unionist
Victoria William Henry White Laurier Liberals

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Burrard Sanford Johnston Crowe Unionist
Cariboo Frederick John Fulton Unionist
Comox—Alberni Herbert Sylvester Clements Unionist
Kootenay East Saul Bonnell Unionist
Kootenay West Robert Francis Green Unionist
Nanaimo John Charles McIntosh Unionist
New Westminster William Garland McQuarrie Unionist
Skeena Cyrus Wesley Peck Unionist
Vancouver Centre Henry Herbert Stevens Unionist
Vancouver South Richard Clive Cooper Unionist
Victoria City Simon Fraser Tolmie (until 8 February 1919 ministerial appointment) Unionist
Simon Fraser Tolmie (by-election of 1919-10-27) Unionist
Westminster District Frank Bainard Stacey Unionist
Yale Martin Burrell (until Parliamentary appointment) Unionist
John Armstrong Mackelvie (by-election of 1920-11-22) Conservative

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon Howard Primrose Whidden Unionist
Dauphin Robert Cruise Unionist
Lisgar Ferris Bolton Unionist
Macdonald Richard Coe Henders Unionist
Marquette Thomas Alexander Crerar Unionist
Neepawa Fred Langdon Davis Unionist
Nelson John Archibald Campbell Unionist
Portage la Prairie Arthur Meighen Unionist
Provencher John Patrick Molloy Laurier Liberals
Selkirk Thomas Hay Unionist
Souris Albert Ernest Finley Unionist
Springfield Robert Lorne Richardson Unionist
Winnipeg Centre George William Andrews Unionist
Winnipeg North Matthew Robert Blake Unionist
Winnipeg South George William Allan Unionist

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Thomas Aaron Hartt Unionist
Gloucester Onésiphore Turgeon Laurier Liberals
Kent Auguste Théophile Léger Laurier Liberals
Northumberland William Stewart Loggie Unionist
Restigouche—Madawaska Pius Michaud Laurier Liberals
Royal Hugh Havelock McLean Unionist
St. John—Albert* Stanley Edward Elkin Unionist
Rupert Wilson Wigmore Unionist
Rupert Wilson Wigmore (by-election of 1920-09-20) Conservative
Victoria—Carleton Frank Broadstreet Carvell Unionist
Thomas Wakem Caldwell (by-election of 1919-10-27) United Farmers
Westmorland Arthur Bliss Copp Laurier Liberals
York—Sunbury Harry Fulton McLeod Unionist
Richard Hanson (by-election of 1921-05-28) Conservative

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough John Howard Sinclair Laurier Liberals
Cape Breton South and Richmond* Robert Hamilton Butts Unionist
John Carey Douglas Unionist
Colchester Fleming Blanchard McCurdy (until 13 July 1920 ministerial appointment) Unionist
Fleming Blanchard McCurdy (by-election of 1920-09-20) Nationalist Liberal
Cumberland Edgar Nelson Rhodes Unionist
Digby and Annapolis Avard Longley Davidson Unionist
Halifax* Alexander Kenneth Maclean Unionist
Peter Francis Martin Unionist
Hants Hadley Brown Tremain Unionist
Inverness Alexander William Chisholm Laurier Liberals
Kings Robert Laird Borden Unionist
Lunenburg William Duff Laurier Liberals
North Cape Breton and Victoria Daniel Duncan McKenzie Laurier Liberals
Pictou Alexander McGregor Unionist
Shelburne and Queen's William Stevens Fielding Unionist
Yarmouth and Clare Edgar Keith Spinney Unionist

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East George Brecken Nicholson Unionist
Algoma West Thomas Edward Simpson Unionist
Brantford William Foster Cockshutt Unionist
Brant John Harold Unionist
Bruce North Hugh Clark Unionist
Bruce South Reuben Eldridge Truax Laurier Liberals
Carleton George Boyce Unionist
Dufferin John Best Unionist
Dundas Orren D. Casselman Unionist
Durham Newton Wesley Rowell Unionist
Elgin East David Marshall (died 14 February 1920) Unionist
Sydney Smith McDermand (by-election of 1920-11-22) United Farmers of Ontario
Elgin West Thomas Wilson Crothers Unionist
Essex North William Costello Kennedy Laurier Liberals
Essex South John Wesley Brien Unionist
Fort William and Rainy River Robert James Manion Unionist
Frontenac John Wesley Edwards Unionist
Glengarry and Stormont John McMartin (died 12 April 1918) Unionist
John Wilfred Kennedy (by-election of 1919-10-27) United Farmers of Ontario-Labour
Grenville John Dowsley Reid Unionist
Grey North William Sora Middlebro Unionist
Grey Southeast Robert James Ball Unionist
Haldimand Francis Ramsey Lalor Unionist
Halton Robert King Anderson Unionist
Hamilton East Sydney Chilton Mewburn Unionist
Hamilton West Thomas Joseph Stewart Unionist
Hastings East Thomas Henry Thompson Unionist
Hastings West Edward Guss Porter Unionist
Huron North James Bowman Unionist
Huron South Jonathan Joseph Merner Unionist
Kent Archibald Blake McCoig Laurier Liberals
Kingston William Folger Nickle (resigned 7 July 1919) Unionist
Henry Lumley Drayton (by-election of 1919-10-20) Conservative
Lambton East Joseph Elijah Armstrong Unionist
Lambton West Frederick Forsyth Pardee Unionist
Lanark Adelbert Edward Hanna (died 27 February 1918) Unionist
John Alexander Stewart (by-election of 1918-05-02) Unionist
Leeds William Thomas White Unionist
Lennox and Addington William James Paul Unionist
Lincoln James Dew Chaplin Unionist
London Hume Blake Cronyn Unionist
Middlesex East Samuel Francis Glass Unionist
Middlesex West Duncan Campbell Ross Laurier Liberals
Muskoka Peter McGibbon Unionist
Nipissing Charles Robert Harrison Unionist
Norfolk William Andrew Charlton Unionist
Northumberland Charles Arthur Munson Unionist
Ontario North Samuel Simpson Sharpe (died in office) Unionist
Robert Henry Halbert (by-election of 1919-12-09) Independent
Ontario South William Smith Unionist
Ottawa (City of)* John Léo Chabot Unionist
Alfred Ernest Fripp Unionist
Oxford North Edward Walter Nesbitt Unionist
Oxford South Donald Sutherland Unionist
Parkdale Herbert Macdonald Mowat Unionist
Parry Sound James Arthurs Unionist
Peel Samuel Charters Unionist
Perth North Hugh Boulton Morphy Unionist
Perth South Michael Steele Unionist
Peterborough East John Albert Sexsmith Unionist
Peterborough West John Hampden Burnham (until resignation) Unionist
George Newcombe Gordon (by-election of 1921-02-07) Liberal
Port Arthur and Kenora Francis Henry Keefer Unionist
Prescott Edmond Proulx Laurier Liberals
Prince Edward Bernard Rickart Hepburn Unionist
Renfrew North Herbert John Mackie Unionist
Renfrew South Isaac Ellis Pedlow Laurier Liberals
Russell Charles Murphy Laurier Liberals
Simcoe East James Brockett Tudhope Unionist
Simcoe North John Allister Currie Unionist
Simcoe South William Alves Boys Unionist
Timiskaming Francis Cochrane (died in office) Unionist
Angus McDonald (by-election of 1920-04-07) Independent
Toronto Centre Edmund James Bristol Unionist
Toronto East Albert Edward Kemp Unionist
Toronto North George Eulas Foster Unionist
Toronto South Charles Sheard Unionist
Toronto West Horatio Clarence Hocken Unionist
Victoria Sam Hughes Unionist
Waterloo North William Daum Euler Laurier Liberals
Waterloo South Frank Stewart Scott Unionist
Welland Evan Eugene Fraser Unionist
Wellington North William Aurelius Clarke Unionist
Wellington South Hugh Guthrie Unionist
Wentworth Gordon Crooks Wilson Unionist
York East Thomas Foster Unionist
York North John Alexander Macdonald Armstrong Unionist
York South William Findlay Maclean Unionist
York West Thomas George Wallace Unionist

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's James McIsaac Unionist
Prince Joseph Read (died 6 April 1919) Laurier Liberals
William Lyon Mackenzie King (by-election of 1919-10-20) Liberal
Queen's* Donald Nicholson Unionist
John Ewen Sinclair Laurier Liberals

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil Peter Robert McGibbon Laurier Liberals
Bagot Joseph Edmond Marcile Laurier Liberals
Beauce Henri Sévérin Béland Laurier Liberals
Beauharnois Louis-Joseph Papineau Laurier Liberals
Bellechasse Charles Alphonse Fournier Laurier Liberals
Berthier Joseph-Charles-Théodore Gervais Laurier Liberals
Bonaventure Charles Marcil Laurier Liberals
Brome Andrew Ross McMaster Laurier Liberals
Chambly—Verchères Joseph Archambault Laurier Liberals
Champlain Arthur Lesieur Desaulniers Laurier Liberals
Charlevoix—Montmorency Pierre-François Casgrain Laurier Liberals
Chicoutimi—Saguenay Edmond Savard Laurier Liberals
Châteauguay—Huntingdon James Alexander Robb Laurier Liberals
Compton Aylmer Byron Hunt Laurier Liberals
Dorchester Lucien Cannon Laurier Liberals
Drummond—Arthabaska Joseph Ovide Brouillard Laurier Liberals
Gaspé Rodolphe Lemieux Laurier Liberals
George-Étienne Cartier Samuel William Jacobs Laurier Liberals
Hochelaga Joseph Edmond Lesage Laurier Liberals
Hull Joseph-Éloi Fontaine Laurier Liberals
Jacques Cartier David Arthur Lafortune Laurier Liberals
Joliette Jean-Joseph Denis Laurier Liberals
Kamouraska Ernest Lapointe (resigned 14 October 1919) Laurier Liberals
Charles Adolphe Stein (by-election of 1920-03-31) Liberal
Labelle Hyacinthe-Adélard Fortier Laurier Liberals
Laprairie—Napierville Roch Lanctôt Laurier Liberals
L'Assomption—Montcalm Paul-Arthur Séguin Laurier Liberals
Laurier—Outremont Pamphile Réal Blaise Nugent Du Tremblay Laurier Liberals
Laval—Two Mountains Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier Laurier Liberals
Lévis Joseph Boutin Bourassa Laurier Liberals
L'Islet Joseph-Fernand Fafard Laurier Liberals
Lotbinière Thomas Vien Laurier Liberals
Maisonneuve Rodolphe Lemieux Laurier Liberals
Maskinongé Hormidas Mayrand Laurier Liberals
Matane François Jean Pelletier Laurier Liberals
Mégantic Lucien Turcotte Pacaud Laurier Liberals
Missisquoi William Frederic Kay Laurier Liberals
Montmagny Joseph Bruno Aimé Miville Déchêne Laurier Liberals
Nicolet Arthur Trahan Laurier Liberals
Pontiac Frank S. Cahill Laurier Liberals
Portneuf Michel-Siméon Delisle Laurier Liberals
Quebec County Henri-Edgar Lavigueur Laurier Liberals
Quebec East Wilfrid Laurier (died 17 February 1919) Laurier Liberals
Ernest Lapointe (by-election of 1919-10-27) Laurier Liberals
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Laurier Liberals
Quebec West Georges Parent Laurier Liberals
Richelieu Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin Laurier Liberals
Richmond—Wolfe Edmund William Tobin Laurier Liberals
Rimouski Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou Laurier Liberals
St. Ann Charles Joseph Doherty Unionist
St. Antoine Herbert Brown Ames Unionist
St. Denis Alphonse Verville Laurier Liberals
St. Hyacinthe—Rouville Louis Joseph Gauthier Laurier Liberals
St. James Louis Audet Lapointe (died 7 February 1920) Laurier Liberals
Fernand Rinfret (by-election of 1920-04-07) Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville Marie Joseph Demers Laurier Liberals
St. Lawrence—St. George Charles Ballantyne Unionist
St. Mary Hermas Deslauriers Laurier Liberals
Shefford Georges Henri Boivin Laurier Liberals
Sherbrooke (Town of) Francis N. McCrea Laurier Liberals
Stanstead Willis Keith Baldwin Laurier Liberals
Terrebonne Jules-Édouard Prévost Laurier Liberals
Three Rivers and St. Maurice Jacques Bureau Laurier Liberals
Témiscouata Charles Arthur Gauvreau Laurier Liberals
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Gustave Benjamin Boyer Laurier Liberals
Westmount—St. Henri Joseph Alfred Leduc Laurier Liberals
Wright Emmanuel Berchmans Devlin Laurier Liberals
Yamaska Joseph Ernest Oscar Gladu (died 5 December 1920) Laurier Liberals
Aimé Boucher (by-election of 1921-05-28) Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia John Gillanders Turriff (until 23 September 1918 Senate appointment) Unionist
Oliver Robert Gould (by-election of 1919-10-27) United Farmers
Battleford Henry Oswald Wright Unionist
Humboldt Norman Lang Unionist
Kindersley Edward Thomas Wordon Myers Unionist
Last Mountain John Frederick Johnston Unionist
Mackenzie John Flaws Reid Unionist
Maple Creek John Archibald Maharg Unionist
Moose Jaw James Alexander Calder Unionist
North Battleford Charles Edwin Long Unionist
Prince Albert Andrew Knox Unionist
Qu'Appelle Levi Thomson Unionist
Regina Walter Davy Cowan Unionist
Saltcoats Thomas MacNutt Unionist
Saskatoon James Robert Wilson Unionist
Swift Current Ira Eugene Argue Unionist
Weyburn Richard Frederick Thompson Unionist

Yukon[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon Alfred Thompson Unionist

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Medicine Hat June 27, 1921 Arthur Lewis Sifton      Unionist Robert Gardiner      Progressive Death No
Yamaska May 28, 1921 Joseph Ernest Oscar Gladu      Laurier Liberal Aimé Boucher      Liberal Death Yes
York—Sunbury May 28, 1921 Harry Fulton McLeod      Unionist Richard Hanson      Conservative Death Yes
Peterborough West February 7, 1921 John Hampden Burnham      Unionist George Newcombe Gordon      Liberal Resignation No
Yale November 22, 1920 Martin Burrell      Unionist John Armstrong MacKelvie      Conservative Appointed Librarian of Parliament Yes
Elgin East November 22, 1920 David Marshall      Unionist Sydney Smith McDermand      United Farmers Death No
St. John—Albert September 20, 1920 Rupert Wilson Wigmore      Unionist Rupert Wilson Wigmore      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs and Inland Revenue Yes
Colchester September 20, 1920 Fleming Blanchard McCurdy      Unionist Fleming Blanchard McCurdy      Nationalist Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Timiskaming April 7, 1920 Francis Cochrane      Unionist Angus McDonald      Independent Death No
St. James April 7, 1920 Louis Audet Lapointe      Laurier Liberal Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Death Yes
Kamouraska March 31, 1920 Ernest Lapointe      Laurier Liberal Charles Adolphe Stein      Liberal Resignation to contest Quebec East by-election Yes
Ontario North December 9, 1919 Samuel Simpson Sharpe      Conservative Robert Henry Halbert      Independent Death No
Quebec East October 27, 1919 Wilfrid Laurier      Laurier Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Laurier Liberal Death Yes
Glengarry and Stormont October 27, 1919 John McMartin      Unionist John Wilfred Kennedy      United Farmers Death No
Assiniboia October 27, 1919 John Gillanders Turriff      Unionist Oliver Robert Gould      United Farmers Called to the Senate No
Victoria City October 27, 1919 Simon Fraser Tolmie      Unionist Simon Fraser Tolmie      Unionist Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture. Yes
Prince October 20, 1919 Joseph Read      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Death Yes
Kingston October 20, 1919 William Folger Nickle      Conservative Henry Lumley Drayton      Unionist Resignation Yes
Victoria—Carleton October 17, 1919 Frank Carvell      Unionist Thomas Wakem Caldwell      United Farmers Appointed Chairman of the Board of Railway Commissioners No
Lanark May 2, 1918 Adelbert Edward Hanna      Unionist John Alexander Stewart      Unionist Death Yes


References[edit]

Succession[edit]