13th New Zealand Parliament

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The 13th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1896 general election in December of that year.

1896 general election[edit]

The 1896 general election was held on Wednesday, 4 December in the general electorates and on Thursday, 19 December in the Māori electorates, respectively.[1] In the 1896 electoral redistribution, rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Four electorates that previously existed were re-established (Geraldine, Manawatu, Motueka, and Taranaki), and three electorates were established for the first time (Ohinemuri, Hawera, and Pahiatua).[2] A total of 74 MPs were elected; 34 represented North Island electorates, 36 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[3] 337,024 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 76.1%.[1]

Sessions[edit]

The 13th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1897), and was prorogued on 15 November 1899.[4]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 6 April 1897 10 April 1897
second 23 September 1897 22 December 1897
third 24 September 1898 6 November 1898
fourth 23 September 1899 24 October 1899

Ministries[edit]

The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[5] The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament.[6] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.[7]

Initial composition of the 13th Parliament[edit]

The table below shows the results of the 1896 general election:

Key

 Liberal    Independent    Independent Liberal    Opposition  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1896[8][9]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton John McLachlan Edward George Wright 242[10] John McLachlan
Ashley Richard Meredith 372[11] Henry Fear Reece[12]
Auckland, City of William Crowther Thomas Thompson 2,516[13] Arthur Rosser
Charles Button James Job Holland 1,622[13]
Thomas Thompson William Crowther 1,328[13]
Avon William Tanner 457[14] George McIntyre[14]
Awarua Joseph Ward 783[15] Cuthbert Cowan[16]
Bay of Islands Robert Houston 627[13] John Press[17]
Bay of Plenty William Kelly William Herries 132[13] William Kelly
Bruce James Allen 1,059[15] William Auld
Buller Roderick McKenzie Patrick O'Regan 292[18] James Colvin[19]
Caversham Arthur Morrison 1,178[15] Thomas Sidey
Christchurch, City of Charles Lewis 6,570[20] William Whitehouse Collins
George Smith 5,940[20]
William Whitehouse Collins Tommy Taylor 5,445[20]
Clutha Thomas Mackenzie James Thomson 903[15] John Edie
Dunedin, City of William Hutchison Scobie Mackenzie 2,132[15] David Pinkerton
David Pinkerton John A. Millar 547[15]
William Earnshaw Henry Fish 378[15]
Eden Edwin Mitchelson John Bollard 214[13] Jackson Palmer
Egmont Felix McGuire Walter Symes 270[21] William Monkhouse
Ellesmere William Montgomery, Jr. {{{winner}}} 564[22] Frederick Arthur Anson[12]
Franklin Benjamin Harris William Massey 474[13] Benjamin Harris
Geraldine (new electorate) Frederick Flatman 211[23] Arthur Rhodes
Grey Arthur Guinness 1,777[24] Robert Francis Bell[24]
Hawera (new electorate) Felix McGuire 36[25] Benjamin Robbins
Hawke's Bay William Russell 833[26] Alfred Fraser[27]
Invercargill James Whyte Kelly[28] 578[29] John Sinclair
Kaiapoi David Buddo Richard Moore 259[11] David Buddo
Lyttelton (new electorate) John Joyce 446[30] William Jacques
Manawatu (new electorate) John Stevens 71[31] Robert Bruce[32]
Manukau Maurice O'Rorke 215[13] Frank Buckland
Masterton Alexander Hogg 263[31] Donald John Cameron[33]
Marsden Robert Thompson[34][nb 1] 402[13] Alfred H Mason[35]
Mataura Robert McNab George Richardson 201[29] Robert McNab
Motueka (new electorate) Roderick McKenzie 126[36] Richmond Hursthouse
Napier Samuel Carnell Douglas Maclean 747[26] Samuel Carnell
Nelson John Graham 343[37] Jesse Piper
Oamaru Thomas Duncan 771[38] James Dickson Sievwright
Ohinemuri (new electorate) Alfred Cadman 2,037[13] Edwin Edwards
Otaki James Wilson Henry Augustus Field 408[31] Alfred Newman
Pahiatua (new electorate) John O'Meara 30[31] Robert Manisty[39]
Palmerston Frederick Pirani[nb 2] 50[31] David Buick[40]
Parnell Frank Lawry 470[13] Samuel Vaile[41]
Patea George Hutchison 605[31] Arthur Remington
Rangitikei John Stevens Frank Lethbridge 271[31] Walter A L Bailey[42][43]
Riccarton George Warren Russell William Rolleston 391[14] George Warren Russell[nb 3]
Selwyn Alfred Saunders Cathcart Wason 182[45] Alfred Saunders
Taieri Walter Carncross 554[15] John Graham[46]
Taranaki (new electorate) Henry Brown 97[21] Edward Metcalf Smith
Thames James McGowan 323[47] Edmund Taylor
Timaru William Hall-Jones 640[48] Francis Henry Smith
Tuapeka William Larnach 21[15] Charles Rawlins
Waiapu James Carroll 368[26] Cecil Fitzroy[49]
Waihemo John McKenzie 554[15] John Duncan
Waikato Alfred Cadman Frederic Lang 1,012[13] Edward Walker
Waipawa Charles Hall George Hunter 211[26] Charles Hall
Waikouaiti James Green Edmund Allen 761[15] John J Ramsay
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan 333[31] J. T. Marryat Hornsby
Wairau Lindsay Buick Charles H. Mills 58[50] Lindsay Buick[nb 4]
Waitaki William Steward 999[53] Duncan Sutherland
Waitemata William Massey Richard Monk 171[13] Heathcote Jackman[54][55][56]
Wakatipu William Fraser 335[29] James George
Wallace James Mackintosh Michael Gilfedder 116[15] Rev. Thomas Neave[57]
Wanganui Archibald Willis Gilbert Carson 84[31] Archibald Willis
Wellington, City of Robert Stout Robert Stout[nb 5] 475[58] Arthur Richmond Atkinson
Francis Bell John Hutcheson 580[58]
John Duthie George Fisher 28[58]
Wellington Suburbs Alfred Newman Thomas Wilford 252[31] Thomas William Hislop
Westland Richard Seddon 1,883[59] Joseph Grimmond
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Wi Pere 1,744[60] Tamati Tautuhi
Northern Maori Hone Heke 1,316[61] Eparaima Te Mutu Kapa
Southern Maori Tame Parata 113[62] Thomas Ellison[nb 6]
Western Maori Ropata Te Ao Henare Kaihau 731[63] Ropata Te Ao

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Robert Thompson was regarded as Liberal in the previous Parliament
  2. ^ Frederick Pirani was regarded as Liberal in the previous Parliament
  3. ^ George Warren Russell distanced himself from the Liberal Party and, together with Frederick Pirani, unsuccessfully tried to form the Radical Party[44]
  4. ^ Lindsay Buick distanced himself from the Liberal Party and became an Independent Liberal[51][52]
  5. ^ Robert Stout was regarded as Liberal in the previous Parliament
  6. ^ The affiliation of Thomas Ellison, who is listed in most contemporary sources under his Maori name Tame Rangiwahia Erihana, is not known

By-elections during 13th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 13th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Suburbs of Wellington   1897 23 April Thomas Wilford Election declared void Charles Wilson
Awarua 1897 5 August Joseph Ward Bankruptcy Joseph Ward
City of Dunedin 1897 13 October   Henry Fish Death   Alexander Sligo  
City of Wellington 1898[64] 9 March Robert Stout Resignation John Duthie
Mataura 1898 26 May George Richardson   Bankruptcy Robert McNab
Tuapeka 1898 2 November William Larnach Death Charles Rawlins
City of Wellington 1899 25 July John Hutcheson Resignation John Hutcheson

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 63.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
  7. ^ Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "The New Parliament". Hawke's Bay Herald XXXI (10478). 7 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Elections" (5739). Christchurch: The Star. 5 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 14 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "Public Notices". Ashburton Guardian XVII (4061). 7 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Election Notices". The Press LIII (9596). 10 December 1896. p. 8. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Electoral District of Ellesmere". The Press LIII (9585). 27 November 1896. p. 8. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "Page 1 Advertisements Column 5". The Press LIII (9593). 7 December 1896. p. 1. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Otago". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "The General Election". The Press LIII (9565). 4 November 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "Interprovincial". North Otago Times. XXXVI (8730). 18 November 1896. p. 4. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  18. ^ "Nelson". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  19. ^ "Buller Electoral District". Inangahua Times XXI (1092). 2 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c "Page 3 Advertisements Column 3". The Star (5740). 7 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "General Election". The Timaru Herald LX (2263). 8 December 1896. p. 1. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "Electoral District of Grey". Grey River Argus LVII (9527). 11 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  25. ^ "Electoral District of Hawera". Hawera & Normanby Star. XXXIII (3418). 9 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  26. ^ a b c d "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  27. ^ "To the Electors of Hawke's Bay". Hawke's Bay Herald XXXI (10465). 21 November 1896. p. 4. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  28. ^ "The New Parliament". Otago Witness (2232). 10 December 1896. p. 20. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  29. ^ a b c "Wakatipu Electoral District" (228). Christchurch: Mataura Ensign. 15 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  30. ^ "Electoral District of Lyttelton". The Press LIII (9594). 7 December 1896. p. 1. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  32. ^ "Electoral District of Manawatu". Manawatu Herald. 3 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  33. ^ "Masterton Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times XVI (5497). 28 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  34. ^ "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (285). 1 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "The National Association of New Zealand". Observer XVI (934). 5 December 1896. p. 14. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  36. ^ "Page 2 Advertisements Column 2". Colonist XL (8744). 15 December 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  37. ^ "The Nelson Election". Nelson Evening Mail XXX (292). 10 December 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  38. ^ "Electoral District of Oamaru". The Oamaru Mail XXI (6763). 10 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  39. ^ "Pahiatua Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times XVI (5498). 30 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  40. ^ "David Buick : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1908–1918" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  41. ^ "Electoral District of Parnell". Auckland Star. XXVII (284). 30 November 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  42. ^ "Rangitikei Election". XVIII (126). Feilding Star. 26 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  43. ^ "Obituary" XIII (3146). Feilding Star. 20 January 1917. p. 2. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  44. ^ Rice, Geoffrey W.. "Russell, George Warren". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  45. ^ "Canterbury" XL (8746). Colonist. 21 December 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  46. ^ "Untitled" (5691). Christchurch: The Star. 9 October 1896. p. 1. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  47. ^ "Electoral District of Thames". Thames Advertiser. XXVIII (8607). 10 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  48. ^ "Untitled". The Timaru Herald LX (2265). 10 December 1896. p. 1. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  49. ^ "Notice of Nominations". Poverty Bay Herald. XXIII (7788). 27 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  50. ^ "Wairau". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  51. ^ "Mr Buick as a Liberal". The Marlborough Express XXXI (272). 21 November 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  52. ^ Traue, J. E. "Buick, Thomas Lindsay". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  53. ^ "Electoral District of Waitaki". The Oamaru Mail XXI (6764). 11 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  54. ^ "St Alban's Church (Anglican)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  55. ^ "Waitemata Electoral District". Auckland Star. XXVII (283). 28 November 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  56. ^ "The Waitemata Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (256). 29 October 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  57. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "The Rev. Thomas Neave". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  58. ^ a b c "A Mistake in the Wellington Vote" LII (1171). The Evening Post. 10 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  59. ^ "Electoral District of Westland". West Coast Times (10438). 17 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  60. ^ "Untitled". Poverty Bay Herald XXIV (7816). 4 January 1897. p. 2. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  61. ^ "Untitled". Poverty Bay Herald. XXIII (7810). 24 December 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  62. ^ "Untitled". The Evening Post LIII (1). 2 January 1897. p. 4. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  63. ^ "Untitled". Poverty Bay Herald XXIV (7816). 4 January 1897. p. 2. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  64. ^ "The Wellington City Election". XXXII (9384). Wanganui Herald. 10 March 1898. p. 2. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.