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This article is about the year 1409. For the number, see 1409 (number).
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1370s 1380s 1390s – 1400s – 1410s 1420s 1430s|
|Years:||1406 1407 1408 – 1409 – 1410 1411 1412|
|1409 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1409 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2162|
|Bahá'í calendar||−435 – −434|
|English Regnal year||10 Hen. 4 – 11 Hen. 4|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4105 or 4045
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4106 or 4046
|- Vikram Samvat||1465–1466|
|- Shaka Samvat||1331–1332|
|- Kali Yuga||4510–4511|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 16
|Minguo calendar||503 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1952|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1409.|
- January 1 – The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English.
- March 25 – The Council of Pisa opens.
- July – Martin I of Aragon succeeds his own son as King of Sicily.
- August 7 - Council of Pisa closes.
- December 2 – The University of Leipzig opens.
- December 9 - Louis II of Anjou founds the University of Aix.
- Ulugh Beg becomes governor of Samarkand.
- Venice buys the port of Zadar from Hungary.
- Cheng Ho (or Zheng He), admiral of Ming empire fleet, deposes the king of Sri Lanka.
- January 16 – René of Anjou (d. 1480)
- February 28 – Elisabeth of Bohemia (d. 1442)
- October 1 – Karl Knutsson, King of Sweden 1448–1457, 1464–1465 and 1467–1470 (possible date; his birth may also have been in 1408; d. 1470)
- date unknown – Bernardo Rossellino, Florentine sculptor and architect
- May 13 – Jan z Tarnowa, Polish nobleman
- May 22 – Blanche of England, sister of King Henry V (b. 1392)
- July 25 – King Martin I of Sicily (b. 1374)
- date unknown – Thomas Merke, English bishop
- probable – Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (b. 1376)