1400s in England
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Events from the 1400s in England.
Monarch - Henry IV
- January - Henry IV quells the Epiphany Rising and executes the Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury and the Baron le Despencer for their attempt to have Richard II restored as King.
- 14 February - Death of the deposed Richard II in Pontefract Castle. His body is displayed in old St Paul's Cathedral, London, on 17 February before initial burial in Kings Langley Church on 6 March.
- February - Henry Percy (Hotspur) leads English incursions into Scotland.
- August - The English occupy Edinburgh but fail to capture Edinburgh Castle.
- 16 September - Owain Glyndŵr is proclaimed Prince of Wales by his followers and begins attacking English strongholds in north-east Wales.
- 24 September - Welsh rebels invade England, but are turned back at Welshpool.
- October - Henry launches a punitive campaign against north Wales.
- December - Manuel II Palaiologos becomes the only Byzantine Emperor ever to visit England, being entertained at Eltham Palace.
- Passing of the De heretico comburendo Act — the Archbishop of Canterbury pressures King Henry IV into outlawing as heretics anyone owning an English translation of the Bible.
- 2 March - William Sawtrey, a Lollard, is the first person to be burned at the stake at Smithfield.
- June - Battle of Hyddgen; outnumbered three to one, Welsh rebels defeat Anglo-Flemish force near Aberystwyth.
- June - English Pale in Ireland reduced to Dublin, County Kildare, County Louth, and County Meath.
- 3 November - Battle of Twthill near Caernarfon; English and Welsh forces both sustain losses with no clear victor.
- December - Glyndŵr firmly establishes control over northern Wales.
- 22 June
- August - Glamorgan joins Glyndŵr's revolt.
- 14 September - Battle of Humbleton Hill: Northern English nobles led by Sir Henry Percy (Hotspur) and using longbows decisively defeat a Scottish raiding army and capture their leader, the Earl of Douglas.
- 7 February - King Henry IV of England marries Joanna, daughter of Charles II of Navarre.
- 21 July - Battle of Shrewsbury - King Henry IV of England defeats a rebel army led by "Hotspur" Percy who has allied with the Welsh rebel Owain Glyndŵr. Percy is killed in the battle by an arrow in his face.
- A guild of stationers is founded in the City of London. As the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers (the "Stationers' Company"), it continues to be a Livery Company in the 21st century.
- 14 January - Henry grants Parliament the power to appoint Royal Councillors and hold them to account for expenditure.
- 10 May - Glyndŵr holds a Parliament at Dolgellau.
- 14 June - Owain Glyndŵr, having declared himself Prince of Wales, allies with the French against the English.
- 6 October - Parliament meets at Coventry; Henry withdraws its powers of oversight over the Royal Council.
- 11 March - Battle of Grosmont (Monmouthshire): English defeat Welsh rebels.
- April - Archbishop of York Richard Scrope joins Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and Lord Bardolf in a rebellion in northern England.
- 5 May - Battle of Usk: English defeat Welsh rebels.
- 8 June - Following the collapse of their revolt, Richard Scrope together with Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk, and Scrope's nephew, Sir William Plumpton, are tried by a special commission and beheaded at York. Scrope is the first English prelate to suffer judicial execution.
- August - Welsh rebels, assisted by the French, unsuccessfully attack Worcester.
- Hundred Years' War: French attack Aquitaine.
- John Thornton of Coventry constructs the largest medieval window in England, at York Minster.
- 1 March - Parliament meets, and continues to sit until December, when it finally achieves its aims of nominating and ensuring the payment of members of the Royal Council.
- 30 March - The heir to the Scottish throne, Prince James, having been captured by English pirates on 22 March, is detained in England.
- 13 October - Richard Whittington is elected as Lord Mayor of London for his second full term.
- English ships attack Brodick Castle on the Isle of Arran.
- Eric of Pomerania marries Philippa, daughter of Henry IV.
- Richard, Earl of Cambridge, marries Anne de Mortimer.
- February - Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and Lord Bardolf advance with troops from exile in Scotland to Thirsk where they issue a proclamation that they have come to relieve the people from unjust taxation.
- 19 February - Battle of Bramham Moor: Thomas de Rokeby, Sheriff of Yorkshire, suppresses the Percy rebellion in the north, Percy and Bardolf both being killed.
- September - Henry, Prince of Wales, retakes Aberystwyth from Owain Glyndŵr.
- 26 November - Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset (died 1418)
- 15 August - Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham (died 1460)
- Robert Wingfield, politician (died 1454)
- 25 March (baptism) - John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, military leader (died 1444)
- 26 September - Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros, soldier and politician (died 1430)
- Thomas de Littleton, judge (born c. 1407)
- 5 January
- 13 January - Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, politician (executed) (born 1373)
- 16 January - John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, politician (executed) (born c. 1352)
- 14 February - King Richard II (possibly murdered) (born 1367)
- 25 October - Geoffrey Chaucer, poet (born c. 1343)
- Ralph Strode, scholar (born 1350)
- Henry Yevele, master mason (born c. 1320)
- 10 May - Katherine Swynford, widow of John of Gaunt (born c. 1350)
- 12 May - William de Lode, prior (year of birth unknown)
- 21 July
- 23 July - Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, rebel (executed) (born 1343)
- 27 September - William of Wykeham, bishop and statesman (born 1320)
- 6 January - Roger Walden, bishop (year of birth unknown)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 115–117. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 171–172. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. p. 91. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.