From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1380s 1390s 1400s – 1410s – 1420s 1430s 1440s|
|Years:||1412 1413 1414 – 1415 – 1416 1417 1418|
|1415 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1415 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2168|
|Bahá'í calendar||−429 – −428|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 5 – 3 Hen. 5|
|Chinese calendar||甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4111 or 4051
— to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4112 or 4052
|- Vikram Samvat||1471–1472|
|- Shaka Samvat||1337–1338|
|- Kali Yuga||4516–4517|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 22
|Minguo calendar||497 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1958|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1415.|
- April 30 – Frederick I becomes Elector of Brandenburg.
- June 5 – The Council of Constance condemns the writings of John Wycliffe and asks Jan Hus to recant in public his heresy; after his denial, he is tried for heresy, excommunicated, then sentenced to be burned at the stake.
- July 4 – Pope Gregory XII officially opens the Council of Constance and then abdicates. He is the last pope to resign until Pope Benedict XVI in 2013.
- July 6 – Jan Hus is burned at the stake in Konstanz.
- July 31 – Henry V of England is informed of the Southampton Plot against him; he has the leaders arrested and executed before invading France.
- August 14 – Portugal conquers the city of Ceuta from the Moors, initiating the Portuguese Empire and European expansion and colonialism.
- October 25 – Battle of Agincourt: Archers of Henry V of England are instrumental in defeating a massed army of French knights.
- Avignon Pope Benedict XIII orders all Talmuds to be delivered to the diocese and held until further notice.
- The Swiss Confederation takes the territory of Aargau from the house of Habsburg.
- The Grand Canal of China is reinstated by this year after it had fallen out of use; restoration began in 1411, and was a response by the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty to improve the grain shipment system of tribute traveling from south to north towards his new capital at Beijing. Hence, the problem with lack of food supply is sufficed by this year.
- The Orthodox Church in the lands of the tsardom of Muskovy (actual Russia) separates from the one in Ukraine and Byelorussia, both claiming to be the true Kiev patriarchate.
- March 10 – Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)
- May 3 – Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (d. 1485)
- September 21 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1493)
- December 1 – Jan Długosz, Polish historian (d. 1480)
- date unknown
- April 15 – Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist
- July 6 – Jan Hus, Bohemian reformer (burned at the stake) (b. 1369)
- July 19 – Philippa of Lancaster, queen of John I of Portugal (plague) (b. 1359)
- August 5
- August or September – Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (killed in battle) (b. 1367)
- October 13 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1381)
- October 25 – Killed in the Battle of Agincourt:
- John I of Alençon (b. 1385)
- Charles d'Albret, Count of Dreux and Constable of France
- Antoine, Duke of Brabant (b. 1384)
- Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (b. 1394)
- Frederick of Lorraine (b. 1371)
- Philip II, Count of Nevers (b. 1389)
- Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York (b. 1373)
- Dafydd Gam, Welsh nobleman (b. c. 1380)
- December 18 – Louis, Duke of Guyenne, Dauphin of France