From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1419.
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1380s 1390s 1400s – 1410s – 1420s 1430s 1440s|
|Years:||1416 1417 1418 – 1419 – 1420 1421 1422|
|1419 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1419 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2172|
|Bahá'í calendar||−425 – −424|
|English Regnal year||6 Hen. 5 – 7 Hen. 5|
|Chinese calendar||戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4115 or 4055
— to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4116 or 4056
|- Vikram Samvat||1475–1476|
|- Shaka Samvat||1341–1342|
|- Kali Yuga||4520–4521|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 26
|Minguo calendar||493 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1962|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1419.|
- January 19 – Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England, which brings Normandy under the control of England.
- June 20 – The Oei Invasion of Tsushima Island in Japan by Joseon Korea begins.
- July 30 – The first Defenestration of Prague occurs.
- September 10 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin.
- Portuguese sea captains João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira, at the service of Prince Henry the Navigator, discover the Madeira islands.
- The University of Rostock is established as the oldest university of northern Europe.
- The Timurid ruler of Persia, Mirza Shahrukh (r. 1404–1447), sends a large embassy to the court of the Yongle Emperor of China. One of the Persian envoys, Ghiyāth al-dīn Naqqāsh, keeps a diary of his travels throughout China, which soon became widely known throughout Iranian and Turkic Middle East thanks to its inclusion into historical works by Hafiz-i Abru and Abdur Razzaq. Naqqash writes about China's wealthy economy and huge urban markets, its efficient courier system as compared to that in Persia, the hospitality of his hosts at the courier stations in providing comfortable lodging and food, and the fine luxurious goods and craftsmanship of the Chinese.
- April 5 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1350)
- August 16 – Wenceslaus, King of the Romans, King of Bohemia (b. 1361)
- September 10 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (assassinated) (b. 1371)
- November 22 – Antipope John XXIII
- December 17 – William Gascoigne, Chief Justice of England
- date unknown – Je Tsongkhapa, founder of the Geluk school of Tibetan Buddhism (b. 1357)