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This article is about the year 1431.
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1400s 1410s 1420s – 1430s – 1440s 1450s 1460s|
|Years:||1428 1429 1430 – 1431 – 1432 1433 1434|
|1431 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1431 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2184|
|Bahá'í calendar||−413 – −412|
|English Regnal year||9 Hen. 6 – 10 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4127 or 4067
— to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4128 or 4068
|- Vikram Samvat||1487–1488|
|- Shaka Samvat||1353–1354|
|- Kali Yuga||4532–4533|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 3
|Minguo calendar||481 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1974|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1431.|
- January 9 – Pretrial investigations for Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France under English occupation.
- March 3 – Pope Eugene IV succeeds Pope Martin V, to become the 207th pope.
- March 26 – The trial of Joan of Arc begins.
- May 30 – Nineteen-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake.
- June 16 – the Teutonic Knights and Švitrigaila sign the Treaty of Christmemel, creating anti-Polish alliance
- September – Battle of Inverlochy: Donald Balloch defeats the Royalists.
- October 30 – Treaty of Medina del Campo, consolidating peace between Portugal and Castille.
- December 16 – Henry VI of England is crowned King of France.
- The University of Poitiers is founded.
- The Kingdom of Ayutthaya besieges Angkor and sack the Khmer capital, end of the Khmer Empire.
- Nezahualcoyotl is crowned Tlatoani of the Kingdom of Texcoco.
- Byzantine-Ottoman Wars – The Ottoman governor of Thessaly Turakhan Beg breaks through the Hexamilion wall for the second time and ravages the Peloponnese peninsula.
- January 1 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
- November or December – Vlad III the Impaler, Prince of Wallachia (d. 1476)
- date unknown – William Elphinstone, Scottish statesman (d. 1514)
- January 25 – Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
- February 20 – Pope Martin V (b. 1368)
- April 1 – Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general and religious figure
- April 5 – Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (b. 1364)
- May 30 – Joan of Arc, French soldier and saint (b. c. 1412)
- September 6 – Demetrios Laskaris Leontares, Byzantine soldier and statesman
- date unknown