From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1436.
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1400s 1410s 1420s – 1430s – 1440s 1450s 1460s|
|Years:||1433 1434 1435 – 1436 – 1437 1438 1439|
|1436 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1436 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2189|
|English Regnal year||14 Hen. 6 – 15 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4132 or 4072
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4133 or 4073
|- Vikram Samvat||1492–1493|
|- Shaka Samvat||1358–1359|
|- Kali Yuga||4537–4538|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 8
|Minguo calendar||476 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1978–1979|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1436.|
- January 11 – Eric of Pomerania is deposed from the Swedish throne for the second time, only three months after having been reinstated. Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson remains the leader of the land, in his capacity of rikshövitsman (military commander of the realm).
- February – Charles Knutsson becomes joint rikshövitsman with Engelbrekt. The two share the title until Engelbrekt's death in May.
- April – Paris is recaptured by the French.
- May 4 – Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson is murdered by a personal enemy, while on his way to Stockholm for negotiations. Charles Knutsson temporarily holds the position of leader of Sweden alone. The probable first meeting of the Riksdag of the Estates afterwards takes place in Uppsala.
- June 25 – The Incorporated Guild of Smiths is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
- July 5 – The Hussite Wars effectively end in Bohemia. Sigismund is accepted as King.
- August 30 – Brunelleschi's Dome at Florence Cathedral is dedicated.
- September 1 – Eric of Pomerania is once again reinstated as king of Sweden. Charles Knutsson at the same time resigns the post of rikshövitsman.
- The Bosnian language is first mentioned in a document.
- Date of the Visokom papers, the last direct sources on the old town of Visoki.
- In Ming Dynasty China, the inauguration of the Zhengtong Emperor takes place.
- In Ming Dynasty China, a significant portion of the southern grain tax is commuted to payments in silver, known as the Gold Floral Silver (jinhuayin). This comes about due to officials' and military generals' increasing demands to be paid in silver instead of grain, as commercial transactions draw more silver into nationwide circulation. Some counties have trouble transporting all the required grain to meet their tax quotas, so it makes sense to pay the government in silver, a medium of exchange that is already abundant amongst landowners through their own private commercial affairs.
- The Florentine polymath Leon Battista Alberti begins writing the treatise On Painting, in which he argues for the importance of mathematical perspective in the creation of three-dimensional vision on a two-dimensional plane. This follows the ideas of Massacio and his concepts of linear perspective and vanishing point in artwork.
- Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia becomes the first to explore the western coast of Africa past the Tropic of Cancer.
- Johannes Gutenberg begins work on the printing press.
- January 26 – Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, Lancastrian military commander during the English Wars of the Roses (d. 1464)
- June 6 – Regiomontanus, German astronomer (d. 1476)
- November 16 – Leonardo Loredan, Doge of Venice (d. 1521)
- November 26 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (d. 1463)
- date unknown
- Isabella of Bourbon, wife of Charles the Bold (d. 1465)
- Şeyh Hamdullah, Arabic calligrapher (d. 1520)
- Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, Spanish Cardinal and statesman (d. 1517)
- Hernando del Pulgar, Spanish writer
- Abi Ahmet Celebi, chief physician of Ottoman empire. Produced a study on kidney and bladder stones and supported the research of the Jewish doctor Musa Colinus ul-Israil on the application of drugs. He founded the first Ottoman medical school.
- May 4 – Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (murdered) (b. c. 1390)
- October 8 – Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut (b. 1401)
- December 30 – Louis III, Elector Palatine (b. 1378)
- date unknown – Qāḍīzāda al-Rūmī, Persian mathematician (b. 1364)