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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1400s 1410s 1420s – 1430s – 1440s 1450s 1460s|
|Years:||1434 1435 1436 – 1437 – 1438 1439 1440|
|1437 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1437 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2190|
|English Regnal year||15 Hen. 6 – 16 Hen. 6|
— to —丁巳年十二月初五日
|- Vikram Samvat||1493–1494|
|- Shaka Samvat||1359–1360|
|- Kali Yuga||4538–4539|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||437–438|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 9
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1437 MCDXXXVII|
|Minguo calendar||475 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1980|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1437|
- February 20 – James I of Scotland is stabbed.
- March 25 – In a ceremony in Holyrood Abbey, James II of Scotland is crowned at the age of six by Pope Eugene IV.
- April 23 – Malmö in Denmark (now Sweden) receives its current coat of arms.
- September 20 - October 19 – A Portuguese attempt to conquer Tanger fails and Prince Ferdinand is taken hostage.
Date unknown 
- Ulugh Beg's Zij-i-Sultani star catalogue is published.
- The Kazan Khanate is established.
- Edinburgh is made the capital of Scotland.
- Sandside Chase in the north of Scotland: Clan Mackay defeat the Clan Gunn of Caithness.
- March 7 – Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg (d. 1512)
- October 4 – John IV, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1463)
- date unknown – Isaac Abrabanel, Jewish statesman (d. 1508)
- probable – Elizabeth Woodville, Queen consort of King Edward IV of England (d. 1492)
- January 3 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
- January 22 – Niccolò de' Niccoli, Italian Renaissance humanist (b. 1364)
- February 21 – King James I of Scotland (b. 1394) (murdered)
- June 10 – Joanna of Navarre, daughter of Charles the Bad, King of Navarre (born 1370)
- November 20 – Thomas Langley, cardinal bishop of Durham and lord chancellor of England (b. 1363)
- December 9 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1368)
- date unknown – John II Stanley of the Isle of Man