144th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)

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144tth Field Artillery Battalion
157th Field Artillery Regiment COA.png
Coat of arms
Active 1879
Country  United States
Allegiance Colorado
Branch Colorado Army National Guard
Type Field artillery
Motto Eager for duty

The 144th Field Artillery Battalion is a field artillery battalion of the Army National Guard. It was formed from the 1st Battalion of the 157th Field Artillery Regiment in 1955.

History[edit]

Technically the battalion was only called the 144th Artillery from 1955 to 1959, in the post Korean war area. finally being standardized into the 157th Field artillery.

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 8-February 1879 in the Colorado National Guard as the 1st Infantry Battalion.

Organized 29-December 1881 With Headquarters in Denver

Expanded and redesignated 22-March 1883 as the 1st Regiment Infantry

Reduced and redesignated 2-April 1889 as the 1st Infantry Battalion

Expanded and redesignated 15-April 1893 as the 1st Infantry Regiment. (NOTE; not to be confused with the regular army 1st Infantry Regiment (United States))

Consolidated with the 2nd Infantry Regiment (organized 27-may 1887) and mustered into Federal service 1–8 May 1898 at Denver as the 1st Colorado Volunteer Infantry

Mustered out of Federal Service 8-September 1899 at San Francisco, CA. and reverted to state status as the 1st Infantry Regiment.

Expanded in 1900 as the 1st and 2nd Infantry.

1st and 2nd Infantry consolidated 15-June 1916 and designated as the 1st Infantry.

Two battalions mustered into federal service 26-june to 29-july 1916 for service on the Mexican border as the 1st and 2nd separate battalions Colorado Infantry.

Entire Regiment drafted into federal service 5-August 1917

Reorganized and redesignated 24-September 1917 as the 157th Infantry, an element of the 40th Division.

Consolidated 13 October 1917 with the 1st Colorado Cavalry (organized in 1880) and consolidated unit designated as the 157th Infantry. Demobilized 29 April 1919 at Fort D.A. Russell (Wyoming)

Former Infantry elements reorganized and redesignated 28 February 1921 in the Colorado National Guard as the 177th Infantry; 1st Battalion organized and federally recognized 26 october 1921 with headquarters at Lamar.
Redesignated 16 November 1921 as the 157th Infantry and assigned to the 45th Infantry Division.

Inducted into Federal service 16 September 1940; 1st battalion at Lamar.

Inactivated 3 December 1945 at Camp Bowie, Texas

1st Battalion reorganized and federally recognized 1 March 1947 with headquarters at Grand Junction.

Reorganized and redesignated 1 August 1955 as the 144th Field Artillery Battalion consolidated with 157th Field Artillery, 1 February 1959

Campaign streamers[edit]

War with Spain

  • Manila

Philippine Insurrection

  • Manila
  • Luzon 1899

World War I Streamer without inscription World War II

  • Sicily (with Arrowhead)
  • Naples-Foggia (with Arrowhead)
  • Anzio
  • Rome Arno
  • Southern France (with Arrowhead)
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-alsace
  • Central Europe

Decorations[edit]

French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, streamer embroidered Italy

Current units[edit]

unit changed to 157th field artillery

Coat of arms[edit]

same as the 157th Field artillery.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Institute of Heraldry.

  • Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman [1]
  • Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).[2]
  • [3] linage

External links[edit]