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This article is about the year 1459. For the number, see 1459 (number).
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1420s 1430s 1440s – 1450s – 1460s 1470s 1480s|
|Years:||1456 1457 1458 – 1459 – 1460 1461 1462|
|1459 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1459 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2212|
|Bahá'í calendar||−385 – −384|
|English Regnal year||37 Hen. 6 – 38 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4155 or 4095
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4156 or 4096
|- Vikram Samvat||1515–1516|
|- Shaka Samvat||1381–1382|
|- Kali Yuga||4560–4561|
|Japanese calendar||Chōroku 3
|Minguo calendar||453 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2002|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1459.|
- September 23 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Blore Heath in England: Yorkists under Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury defeat a Lancastrian force.
- October 12 – Wars of the Roses: Due to the advance of a royal force on his fortress of Ludlow, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, flees to Ireland, while his ally Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, goes to Calais.
- The Wallachian town of Bucharest is first mentioned.
- The city of Jodhpur, in western India, is founded by Rao Jodha of Marwar.
- King Stephen Thomas of Bosnia forces the clergy of the Bosnian Church into exile.
- According to a legend, the wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz.
- January 25 – Paul Hofhaimer, Austrian organist (d. 1537)
- March 2 – Pope Adrian VI (d. 1523)
- March 6 – Jakob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
- March 22 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1519)
- October 6 – Martin Behaim, German explorer and cartographer (d. 1507)
- December 22 – Cem Sultan, pretender to the Ottoman throne (d. 1495)
- date unknown – Edward Poyning, Lord Deputy to King Henry VII of England (d. 1521)
- probable – Lorenzo di Credi, Florentine painter and sculptor (d. 1537)
- March 3 – Ausiàs March, Catalan poet (b. 1397)
- May 3 – Eric of Pomerania, King of Norway, Denmark and Sweden (b. 1382)
- September 23 – James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley (in battle) (born 1400)
- October 30 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (b. 1380)
- November 5 – John Fastolf, English soldier
- December 4 – Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)