1465 Moroccan revolt

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The 1465 Moroccan revolt refers to a popular revolt by local Sharifs in Fes who overthrew the last Marinid sultan.[1] The revolt marked the end of a 215 year reign. The sharifs formed a jihad, against the last Marinid leader, a Jewish vizir, Aaron ben Batash, appointed by Abu Muhammad Abd Al-Haqq. They subsequently put him to death, cutting his throat. Almost all the Jewish community of Fes were also slaughtered in the revolt.[2] As a result of the troubles in Fes, the Portuguese king Afonso V finally managed to take Tangier. Muhammad b. Imran, head of the Idrissid shurafa of the city claimed sharifian ancestry and assumed power in Fes.[3] However a "struggle for power ensued between the Idrisi shurafa and the Wattasid mujahids ".[3] In 1472, the Wattasid dynasty assumed power when Abu Abdallah sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya, one of the two Wattasid vizirs surviving the 1459 massacre, installed himself in power. He continued somewhat unsuccessfully to advocate Marinid policies.[4] The Wattasids were eventually expelled from Morocco by the Saadi sharifs in 1554.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isichei, Elizabeth Allo (13 April 1997). A History of African Societies to 1870. Cambridge University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-521-45599-2. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Haddad, Heskel M. (1984). Jews of Arab and Islamic countries: history, problems, solutions. Shengold Publishers. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-88400-100-3. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Bennison, Amira K. (28 October 2002). Jihad and Its Interpretations in Pre-Colonial Morocco: State-Society Relations During the French Conquest of Algeria. Psychology Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-7007-1693-7. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "An architectural Investigation of Marinid and Watasid Fes". Etheses.whiterose.ac.uk. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  5. ^ Overy, R. J. (2007). Complete History of the World. Times Books. p. 373. ISBN 978-0-00-725927-4. Retrieved 23 April 2012.