1465 Moroccan revolt

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The 1465 Moroccan revolt refers to a popular revolt by local Sharifs in Fes who overthrew the last Marinid sultan.[1] The revolt marked the end of a 215-year reign. The sharifs formed a jihad, against the last Marinid leader, a Jewish vizir, Aaron ben Batash, appointed by Abu Muhammad Abd Al-Haqq. They subsequently put him to death, cutting his throat. Almost all the Jewish community of Fes were also slaughtered in the revolt.[2] As a result of the troubles in Fes, the Portuguese king Afonso V finally managed to take Tangier.

After the execution of Abd al-Haqq, Muhammad b. Imran, head of the Idrissid shurafas of Fes, was proclaimed Sultan.[3][4] However a "struggle for power ensued between the Idrisi shurafa and the Wattasid mujahids ".[3] He was in turn overthrown in 1472 by the Wattasid Abu Abdallah sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya, one of the two Wattasid vizirs surviving the 1459 massacre.

Abu Abdallah continued somewhat unsuccessfully to advocate Marinid policies.[5] The Wattasids were eventually expelled from Morocco by the Saadi sharifs in 1554.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isichei, Elizabeth Allo (13 April 1997). A History of African Societies to 1870. Cambridge University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-521-45599-2. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Haddad, Heskel M. (1984). Jews of Arab and Islamic countries: history, problems, solutions. Shengold Publishers. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-88400-100-3. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Bennison, Amira K. (28 October 2002). Jihad and Its Interpretations in Pre-Colonial Morocco: State-Society Relations During the French Conquest of Algeria. Psychology Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-7007-1693-7. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Herman L. Beck, L'image d'Idrīs II, ses descendants de Fās et la politique sharīfienne des sultans marīnides, 656-869/1258-1465, BRILL 1989, pp.250-255 [1]
  5. ^ "An architectural Investigation of Marinid and Watasid Fes". Etheses.whiterose.ac.uk. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Overy, R. J. (2007). Complete History of the World. Times Books. p. 373. ISBN 978-0-00-725927-4. Retrieved 23 April 2012.