1460s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1469 in England)
|1460s in England:|
|1440s | 1450s | 1460s | 1470s | 1480s|
- 15 January - French raid Sandwich, Kent and capture the royal fleet.
- 26 June - Wars of the Roses: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York) land at Sandwich with an army and march on London. Here the Earl of Salisbury remains and, with the support of the citizens, besieges the Tower of London whose Lancastrian commander, Lord Scales, on 4 July turns its weapons against the city.
- 10 July - Wars of the Roses: At the Battle of Northampton, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March defeat a Lancastrian army and seize King Henry VI.
- 19 July - Lord Scales surrenders the Tower of London to the Yorkists; he is subsequently murdered by a mob.
- 10 October - Richard of York claims the throne in London.
- 24 October - Parliament passes the Act of Accord, proclaiming Richard of York as the heir to the throne, disinheriting the King's son Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales.
- 30 December - Wars of the Roses: At the Battle of Wakefield, a decisive Lancastrian victory under Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, is won and Richard of York and his son, Edmund, Earl of Rutland, are both killed, the latter murdered after the battle, while Warwick's father, the Earl of Salisbury, is beheaded the following day. York's son Edward, Earl of March becomes leader of the Yorkist faction.
- 2 February - Wars of the Roses: At the Battle of Mortimer's Cross, Yorkist troops led by Edward, Earl of March defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper.
- 17 February - Wars of the Roses: At the Second Battle of St Albans, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick's army is defeated by a Lancastrian force under Queen Margaret, who recovers control of her husband.
- 4 March - Edward, Earl of March proclaimed as King Edward IV of England in London.
- 28 March - Wars of the Roses: The indecisive Battle of Ferrybridge is fought.
- 29 March - Wars of the Roses: At the Battle of Towton, the bloodiest battle ever fought on British soil, the Earl of March defeats Queen Margaret to make good his claim to the English throne.
- 25 April - Henry cedes Berwick upon Tweed to Scotland.
- 28 June - Coronation of King Edward IV.
- Cirencester Grammar School is founded by Lawrence Booth, Prince-bishop of Durham.
- 25 October - Queen Margaret leads an abortive invasion of northern England with French support.
- 25 April - Wars of the Roses: At the Battle of Hedgeley Moor, Yorkist forces under John Neville defeat Lancastrians under Sir Ralph Percy, who is killed.
- 1 May - Edward IV secretly marries Elizabeth Woodville. He keeps the marriage a secret until 14 September.
- 15 May - Wars of the Roses: At the Battle of Hexham, Neville defeats the Lancastrian army led by King Henry and Queen Margaret themselves. This marks the end of organized Lancastrian resistance for several years.
- 11 June - Fifteen year-truce with Scotland signed.
- May - Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville as Queen Consort.
- 24 July - Former King Henry VI is captured by Yorkist forces and imprisoned in the Tower of London.
- Reform of the coinage, including introduction of the Angel and the Rose Noble.
- Re-foundation of Queen's College, Cambridge by Queen Elizabeth.
- June - A Lancastrian revolt led by 'Robin of Redesdale' spreads from Yorkshire to Lancashire.
- July - Earl of Warwick joins the rebels.
- 26 July - Wars of the Roses: Lancastrian victory at the Battle of Edgecote Moor.
- 29 July - King Edward arrested and imprisoned after his army abandons him.
- September - Edward released following widespread rioting.
- 10 July (at the Battle of Northampton)
- 30 December - Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (killed in battle) (born 1411)
- 31 December
- Reginald Pecock, prelate and writer (born c. 1395)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 128–131. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Bennett, Vanora. "London and the Wars of the Roses". Retrieved 2013-08-16.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 183–185. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. p. 90. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.