|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||3rd century BC – 2nd century BC – 1st century BC|
|Decades:||170s BC 160s BC 150s BC – 140s BC – 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC|
|Years:||149 BC 148 BC 147 BC – 146 BC – 145 BC 144 BC 143 BC|
|146 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||146 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||608|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 178|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy VI Philometor, 35|
|Ancient Greek era||158th Olympiad, year 3|
|Chinese calendar||甲午年 (Wood Horse)
2551 or 2491
— to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
2552 or 2492
|Coptic calendar||−429 – −428|
|Ethiopian calendar||−153 – −152|
|- Vikram Samvat||−89 – −88|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2956–2957|
|Iranian calendar||767 BP – 766 BP|
|Islamic calendar||791 BH – 790 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2057 before ROC
|Seleucid era||166/167 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||397–398|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 146 BC.|
Year 146 BCE was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Achaicus (or, less frequently, year 608 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 146 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- With Carthage and Greece conquered, Rome becomes the sole superpower in the Mediterranean world, a distinction it will continue to hold for approximately the next 600 years.
- Carthage falls to Roman forces under Scipio Aemilianus. The walls are finally breached and the city is completely destroyed by order of the Roman Senate, despite Scipio's protests. End of the Third Punic War.
- Battle of Corinth – The Romans under Lucius Mummius defeat the Achaean League under Critolaus near Corinth. Corinth is destroyed, and the Achaean League dissolved. Greece becomes a Roman province. The Romans strip Corinth of its art treasures and ship them back to Rome.
- November 28 – Gentius, the last king of Illyria
- Critolaus, general of the Achaean League (killed in battle)