146th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
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The 146th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, nicknamed Garrard's Tigers, was a Federal regiment mustered on October 10, 1862, and was mustered out on July 16, 1865. The regiment was raised and organized in Utica New york, and was known as the 5th Oneida Regiment. Another nickname for this unit was the Halleck's Infantry, after New York-born general Henry Halleck.
This regiment at first wore the regular dark blue New York state jacket, light blue trousers, and dark blue forage cap, but when the veterans from 5th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a famous zouave regiment, were added to the 146th New York, the regiment switched over to the colorful Zouave dress. Their new dress was not really zouave dress, but actually the colorful dress of the Turcos. Their new uniforms consisted of a sky blue zouave jacket with yellow trimming, a red fez with a yellow tassel, sky blue zouave pantaloons, and a red sash.
The 146th New York participated in the battles of:
- Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, :Williamsport, Wilderness Tavern, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna, Totopotomy Creek, Cold Harbor, Siege of Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, White Oak Ridge, Five Forks, :Rappahannock Station, Bristoe Station, White Oak swamp, Popular Springs Church, Hatcher's Run, and Appomattox :Court House.
The 146th New York suffered severe casualties at the end of the war. The regiment was nearly decimated at the battle of the Wilderness where many were cut off by the fires of the battle. Out of a number of 1,707 men, their losses were: 7 officers and 126 men killed in action and/or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 187 men who died of sickness and/or other things, and 1 officer and 87 men who died in captivity, many at the Andersonville prison camp.