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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1460s 1470s 1480s – 1490s – 1500s 1510s 1520s|
|Years:||1490 1491 1492 – 1493 – 1494 1495 1496|
|1493 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1493 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2246|
|English Regnal year||8 Hen. 7 – 9 Hen. 7|
— to —癸丑年十一月廿三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1549–1550|
|- Shaka Samvat||1415–1416|
|- Kali Yuga||4594–4595|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||493–494|
|Japanese calendar||Meiō 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1493 MCDXCIII|
|Minguo calendar||419 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2036|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1493|
- January 19 – Treaty of Barcelona: Charles VIII of France returns Cerdagne and Roussillon to Ferdinand of Aragon.
- March 15 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain from his first voyage of discovery.
- May 4 – In the papal bull Inter caetera, Pope Alexander VI decrees that all lands discovered west of the Azores are Spanish.
- August 19 – Maximilian I succeeds his father, Frederick III, as Holy Roman Emperor.
- September 9 – Battle of Krbava field was fought between the Kingdom of Croatia and Ottoman forces in southern Croatia.
- September 26 – Pope Alexander VI issues the bull Dudum siquidem to the Catholic Monarchs, extending the grant of new lands he made them in Inter caetera
- September 29 – Christopher Columbus leaves Cadiz on his second voyage of exploration.
- November 19 – Columbus lands on the coast of the island of Borinquen, which he renames San Juan (present day, Puerto Rico).
- England imposes sanctions on Burgundy for supporting Perkin Warbeck.
- January 25 – Maximilian Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1530)
- March 15 – Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France (d. 1567)
- June 5 – Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)
- September 28 – Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet (d. c. 1545)
- October 14 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
- November 11 (or December 17 – Paracelsus, Swiss physician and scientist (d. 1541)
- November 12 – Bartolommeo Bandinelli, Italian artist and sculptor (d. 1560)
- date unknown
- May 10 – Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. c. 1433)
- June 14 – Ermolao Barbaro, Italian scholar (b. 1454)
- August 19 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1415)
- September 9 – Mirko Derenčin, Croatian leader
- November – Martin Alonzo Pinzón, Spanish navigator and explorer (b. c. 1441)
- November 6 – Andrey Bolshoy, Russian prince (b. 1446)
- date unknown