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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1460s 1470s 1480s – 1490s – 1500s 1510s 1520s|
|Years:||1491 1492 1493 – 1494 – 1495 1496 1497|
|1494 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1494 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2247|
|English Regnal year||9 Hen. 7 – 10 Hen. 7|
— to —甲寅年十二月初四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1550–1551|
|- Shaka Samvat||1416–1417|
|- Kali Yuga||4595–4596|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||494–495|
|Japanese calendar||Meiō 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1494 MCDXCIV|
|Minguo calendar||418 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2037|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1494|
- January 25 – Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.
- May – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, recognises Perkin Warbeck as rightful King of England.
- May 3 – Christopher Columbus first sights Jamaica.
- May 31 – First Battle of Acentejo: Natives of the island of Tenerife, known as Guanches, defeat the invading Spanish forces.
- June 7 – Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain and Portugal divide the New World between themselves.
- June 25 – The first hurricane ever observed by Europeans strikes the Spanish settlement of La Isabela on Hispaniola.
- October 22 – Ludovico Sforza becomes Duke of Milan, and starts a chain of events that leads to the First Italian War.
- November 10 – Fra Luca Pacioli's Summa de arithmetica, geometria, proportioni et proportionalità is published in Venice, containing the first printed account of algebra in the vernacular and the first published description of the double-entry accounting system.
- November 17 – Armies of Charles VIII of France enter Florence.
- December 25 – Second Battle of Acentejo: The Spanish crush the native forces of the island of Tenerife, leading to the subjugation of this last bastion of resistance in the Canary Islands.
Date unknown 
- Amda Seyon II succeeds his father Eskender as Emperor of Ethiopia.
- Na'od succeeds his nephew Amda Seyon II as Emperor of Ethiopia.
- Aztec forces conquer and sack Mitla.
- Italy is invaded by Charles VIII of France.
- Aldus Manutius prints Pietro Bembo's De Aetna in Venice, considered to be the first book to include the semicolon.
- Johann Reuchlin publishes De verbo mirifico.
- February 2 – Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
- April 9 – François Rabelais, French Renaissance writer (d. 1553)
- April 20 – Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (d. 1566)
- May 24 – Pontormo, Italian painter (d. 1557)
- September 5 – Hans Sachs, German Meistersinger (d. 1576)
- September 12 – King Francis I of France (d. 1547)
- November 6 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1566)
- date unknown
- Saitō Dōsan, Japanese warlord (d. 1556)
- John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley (d. 1554)
- Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, Spanish philosopher and theologian (d. 1573)
- Ambrosius Holbein, German painter (d. 1519)
- Alonso Álvarez de Pineda, Spanish explorer and cartographer (d. 1519)
- Hans Tausen, Danish religious reformer (d. 1561)
- Qiu Ying, Chinese painter (d. 1552)
- William Tyndale, English reformer and martyr (d. 1536)
- Christina Gyllenstierna, Swedish national heroine (d.1559)
- January 11 – Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist (b. 1449)
- January 25 – King Ferdinand I of Naples (b. 1423)
- August 1 – Giovanni Santi, artist and father of Raphael (b. c. 1435)
- August 11 – Hans Memling, Flemish painter (b. c. 1430)
- September 24 – Poliziano, Italian humanist (b. 1454)
- October 26 – Amda Seyon II, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. c. 1487)
- November 8 – Melozzo da Forlì, painter (b. c. 1438)
- November 17 – Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian humanist (b. 1463)
- December 20 – Matteo Maria Boiardo, Italian poet (b. c. 1434)
- date unknown – Eskender, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1472)