14th Army (Wehrmacht)

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For the equivalent formation in World War I, see 14th Army (German Empire).
14th Army
Armee-Oberkommando 14
Active 1 August 1939 - 13 October 1939
5 November 1943 – 2 May 1945
Country  Nazi Germany
Type Army
Engagements

World War II

Polish campaign
Italian Campaign
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Wilhelm List

The 14th Army (German: 14. Armee) was a World War II field army of the German Army.

Poland[edit]

The 14th Army was activated on 1 August 1939 with General Wilhelm List in command and saw service in Poland until the end of the Polish campaign on 13 October 1939.

Italy[edit]

The army was reactivated for the defence of Italy in 1943 when its headquarters was created using the headquarters personnel of Army Group B which had been abolished when Albert Kesselring was given command of all Axis troops in Italy. 14th Army was initially responsible for the defence of Rome and dealing with any amphibious landings the Allies might make to the rear of 10th Army, which was fighting on the defensive lines south of Rome.[1]

The 14th Army faced the Allied amphibious landings at Anzio in January 1944 and after the Allied breakthrough in May 1944 took part in the fighting retreat to the Gothic Line. The German armies in Italy surrendered on 2 May 1945 after being defeated during the Allies' Spring offensive.

Commanders[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Carver, Field Marshal Lord (2001). The Imperial War Museum Book of the War in Italy 1943-1945. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-330-48230-0. , p. 92