14th Coast Artillery (United States)

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14th Coast Artillery Regiment
14th Antiaircraft Artillery Bn coa.jpeg
coat of arms
Active 1924 - 1944
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Coast artillery
Role Harbor defense
Size Regiment
Motto "Semper Vigilans"
Mascot Oozlefinch
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Colonel Percy M. Kessler

The 14th Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery regiment in the United States Army.

History[edit]

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 27 February 1924 as 14th Artillery (HD) Coast Artillery, and organized 1 July 1924 at Fort Worden from the following Companies- 106th, 108th, 94th, 92nd, 85th, 149th, 93rd, 150th, 126th, and 160th.

  • HHB, and Batteries A, D and G activated.
  • Battery D inactivated 20 September 1930.
  • Battery D reactivated 1 January 1931

1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalion HHBs constituted as inactive on 12 September 1935 (K Battery Disbanded)

  • 1st Battalion HHB activated 1 July 1939
  • 2nd Battalion HHB and Batteries B, C, and E activated 3 January 1941 at Fort Worden
  • Batteries A, B, and C, reassigned to Fort Casey on 11 January 1941
  • Battery C assigned to Fort Whitman 20 December 1941
  • Battery E inactivated 27 September 1942
  • Battery I transferred to Camp Barkeley, Texas. and Inactivated 8 May 1944.

Regiment broken up 18 October 1944 as follows-

  • Battery K (Searchlight) Redesignated Battery A, HD of PS, 17 October 1944.
  • Hq & Hq Battery Redesignated Hq & Hq Detachment, 14th 1st Battalion Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Hq & Hq Battery Redesignated Hq & Hq Detachment, 169th 2nd Battalion Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Hq & Hq Battery Redesignated Hq & Hq Detachment, 170th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Battery A Redesignated Battery B, 170th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 19 October 1944.
  • Battery B Redesignated Battery A, 14th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Battery C Redesignated Battery B, 14th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Battery D Redesignated Battery B, 169th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Battery F Redesignated Battery A, 169th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Battery G Redesignated Battery C, 170th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.
  • Battery H Redesignated Battery A, 170th Coast Artillery Battalion (HD), 17 October 1944.

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • Description

A gold metal and enamel device 1 inch (2.54 cm) in height overall the head of a northern lynx cropped facing forward silver gray. Attached below and to the sides ending in ribbons behind the lynx’s ear is a red scroll inscribed “SEMPER VIGILANS” in gold letters.

  • Symbolism

The lynx is characteristic of the country. The motto translates to “Always Watchful.”

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 14th Coast Artillery Regiment on 21 November 1924. It was redesignated for the 14th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion on 30 April 1952.

Coat of arms[edit]

Blazon[edit]

  • Shield

Gules two flaunches ermine.

  • Crest

On a wreath of the colors Argent and Gules, the head of a northern lynx caboshed Proper. Motto: SEMPER VIGILANS (Always Watchful).

Symbolism[edit]

  • Shield

The Regiment was organized in the Coast Defenses of Puget Sound and the shield, red for Artillery, is the shield of the old Coast Defenses. The flaunches of ermine recall “Astoria” and the fur trade in the early days and by their outline on the shield indicate the contour of the straits.

  • Crest

The large, gray, northern lynx is characteristic of the country.

Background[edit]

The coat of arms was originally approved for the 14th Coast Artillery Regiment on 18 November 1924. It was redesignated for the 14th Coast Artillery Battalion on 18 December 1944. The insignia was redesignated for the 14th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion on 30 April 1952.

Campaign streamers[edit]

none

Decorations[edit]

none

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry document "14th Coast Artillery Artillery".

  • Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman [1]
  • Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).[2]
  • [3] lineage
  • [4] page 123
  • http://www.cdsg.org/HDPSdata/14thCAR.htm
  • Coast Artillery Journal May 1927 page 455 [5]

External links[edit]