14th Field Artillery Regiment

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14th Field Artillery Regiment
14FARegtCOA.jpg
Coat of arms
Active 1916
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Field artillery
Motto Ex Hoc Signo Victoria (Victory By This Sign)
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 14 FA Rgt DUI.jpg
U.S. Field Artillery Regiments
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The 14th Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the United States Army first constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as the 14th Field Artillery

Organized 1 June 1917 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma

Inactivated 1 September 1921 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma

Assigned 15 December 1922 to the 6th Division (1st Battalion concurrently activated at Fort Sheridan, Illinois)

Relieved 7 September 1927 from assignment to the 6th Division and assigned to the 7th Division (1st Battalion concurrently consolidated with the 2d Battalion, 3d Field Artillery, and consolidated unit designated as the 2d Battalion, 3d Field Artillery - hereafter separate lineage; new 1st Battalion concurrently constituted)

(1st Battalion activated 1 December 1934 at Fort Riley, Kansas; inactivated 1 July 1936 at Fort Riley, Kansas)

Relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 7th Division

Assigned 15 July 1940 to the 2nd Armored Division and activated at Fort Benning, Georgia

Reorganized and redesignated 8 January 1942 as the 14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion

Relieved 1 April 1957 from assignment to the 2d Armored Division; concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 14th Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System

Redesignated 1 September 1971 as the 14th Field Artillery

Withdrawn 16 May 1988 from the Combat Arms

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • Description

A silver color metal and enamel device consisting of a red disc charged with a white Maltese cross within a ring of fourteen gouttes d’eau (silver) reversed; attached above is a wreath of the colors, silver and red, on which is a red and white American Indian war bonnet surmounting a silver arrow. Attached below, a silver triparted scroll inscribed “EX HOC SIGNO VICTORIA” in black letters. The overall dimension is 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height.

  • Symbolism

Scarlet (red) is a color traditionally associated with Artillery units. The cross, a heraldic device, and utilized by the Indians in Oklahoma, is symbolic of the morning star and is representative of the dawn of the 14th Field Artillery. The fourteen drops of water correspond to the numerical designation of the regiment. The irregular placement of the drops is to represent a dried peyote, a species of small cactus, one of the sacred emblems of the Comanche and Kiowa Indians. The war bonnet pierced by the arrow of Satanta, a noted Kiowa chief of the mid-19th century, is really a spear with a feathered end and leather grip. Satanta was well known among all the Indians of the Fort Sill region.

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 14th Field Artillery Regiment on 20 October 1923. It was redesignated for the 14th Field Artillery (Armored) Regiment on 25 October 1940. The insignia was redesignated for the 14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion on 30 March 1942. It was redesignated for the 14th Artillery Regiment on 21 November 1958. Effective 1 September 1971, it was redesignated for the 14th Field Artillery Regiment. The insignia was amended to correct the description and revise the symbolism on 7 November 1991.

Coat of arms[edit]

  • Blazon
  • Shield

Gules a broad armed Maltese cross with slightly reentrant ends Argent within fourteen gouttes d’eau reversed arranged in the outline of peyote (one of the cactus family, in outline approximating a circle).

  • Crest

On a wreath of the colors, Argent and Gules, an American Indian war bonnet Gules and Argent over Satanta’s arrow of the last.

  • Symbolism
  • Shield

Scarlet (red) is a color traditionally associated with Artillery units. The cross, a heraldic device, and utilized by the Indians in Oklahoma, is symbolic of the morning star and is representative of the dawn of the 14th Field Artillery. The fourteen drops of water correspond to the numerical designation of the regiment. The irregular placement of the drops is to represent a dried peyote, a species of small cactus, one of the sacred emblems of the Comanche and Kiowa Indians. Crest The war bonnet pierced by the arrow of Satanta, a noted Kiowa chief of the mid-19th century, is really a spear with a feathered end and leather grip. Satanta was well known among all the Indians of the Fort Sill region.

Current configuration[edit]

Campaign participation credit[edit]

M7 Priest of the 14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion in Normandy

World War II: Sicily (with arrowhead); Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe

Vietnam: Defense; Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase II; Counteroffensive, Phase III; Tet Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase IV; Counteroffensive, Phase V; Counteroffensive, Phase VI; Tet 69/Counteroffensive; Summer-Fall 1969; Winter-Spring 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase VII; Consolidation I

Decorations[edit]

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for NORMANDY

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for PLEIKU PROVINCE

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1965-1967

Belgian Fourragere 1940

Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the ARDENNES

Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in BELGIUM

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry document "14th Field Artillery Regiment".

  1. ^ See also [1]

External links[edit]