14th United States Congress

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14th United States Congress
BrickCapitol.jpg
Brick Capitol, later used as a Civil War prison (about 1861)

Duration: March 4, 1815 – March 4, 1817

Senate President: Vacant
Senate Pres. pro tem: John Gaillard
House Speaker: Henry Clay
Members: 38 Senators
183 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: December 4, 1815 – April 30, 1816
2nd: December 2, 1816 – March 3, 1817
<13th 15th>

The Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in the Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1815 to March 4, 1817, during the seventh and eighth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events[edit]

Speaker of the House
Henry Clay

Major legislation[edit]

Proposed, but not enacted[edit]

Treaties[edit]

States admitted and territories organized[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

During this congress, two Senate seats were added for the new state of Indiana.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
Unknown
End of the previous congress 24 10 1 35 1
Begin 21 11 1 33 3
End 25 13 0 38 0
Final voting share 65.8% 34.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 25 13 0 38 0

House of Representatives[edit]

During this congress, one House seat was added for the new state of Indiana.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress 115 67 182 0
Begin 131 46 177 5
End 136 182 1
Final voting share 74.7% 25.3%
Beginning of the next congress 142 38 180 3

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Tennessee
(1)
Vacant George W. Campbell (DR) Took seat October 10, 1815
Maryland
(1)
Vacant Elected March 4, 1815, but delayed installation Robert G. Harper (F) Took seat January, 1816
Virginia
(2)
Vacant Resignation of William B. Giles from previous congress Armistead T. Mason (DR) Took seat January 3, 1816
Tennessee
(2)
Jesse Wharton (DR) Successor elected October 10, 1815. Wharton was appointed in previous term to fill remaining term of George W. Campbell. John Williams (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
North Carolina
(3)
Francis Locke Resigned December 5, 1815, having never qualified Nathaniel Macon (DR) Seated December 13, 1815
Kentucky
(2)
William T. Barry (DR) Resigned May 1, 1816 after being appointed to a judicial position Martin D. Hardin (F) Seated November 13, 1816
Massachusetts
(1)
Christopher Gore (F) Resigned May 30, 1816 Eli P. Ashmun (F) Seated June 12, 1816
South Carolina
(2)
John Taylor (DR) Resigned November, 1816 William Smith (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Georgia
(2)
William W. Bibb (DR) Resigned November 9, 1816 after being appointed Governor of Alabama Territory George Troup (DR) Seated November 13, 1816
North Carolina
(2)
James Turner (DR) Resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health Montfort Stokes (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Maryland
(1)
Robert G. Harper (F) Resigned December, 1816 Alexander C. Hanson (F) Seated December 20, 1816
Indiana
(1)
New seats Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 James Noble (DR) Seated December 11, 1816
Indiana
(3)
Waller Taylor (DR)

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
New York
12th
Vacant Rep.-elect Benjamin Pond died during previous congress Asa Adgate (DR) December 7, 1815
Pennsylvania
3rd
Vacant Amos Ellmaker resigned on July 3, 1815, upon State appointment as judge James M. Wallace (DR) December 4, 1815
Kentucky
2nd
Vacant seat declared vacant by the governor, “caused by the acceptance of Henry Clay to sign a commercial convention as Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain”, but Clay was elected to fill his own vacancy Henry Clay (DR) December 4, 1815
New York
17th
William S. Smith Credentials for Smith were issued by the Secretary of State of New York, but Smith did not take or claim the seat, contested by Willoughby, Jr. Westel Willoughby, Jr. (DR) December 13, 1815
New York
8th
John Adams Credentials for Adams were issued by the Secretary of State of New York, but Adams did not take or claim the seat, contested by Root Erastus Root (DR) December 26, 1815
Maryland
5th
Nicholas R. Moore (DR) Resigned sometime in 1815 before Congress convened Samuel Smith (DR) February 4, 1816
New York
6th
Jonathan Fisk (DR) Resigned sometime in March, 1815, upon appointment as United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York James W. Wilkin (DR) December 4, 1815
Pennsylvania
9th
David Bard (DR) Died March 12, 1815 Thomas Burnside (DR) December 11, 1815
Pennsylvania
1st
Jonathan Williams (DR) Died May 16, 1815 John Sergeant (F) December 6, 1815
Virginia
15th
Matthew Clay (DR) Died May 27, 1815 John Kerr (DR) December 5, 1815
Tennessee
2nd
John Sevier (DR) Died September 24, 1815 William G. Blount (DR) January 8, 1816
North Carolina
6th
Nathaniel Macon (DR) Resigned December 13, 1815 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Weldon N. Edwards (DR) February 7, 1816
Maryland
3rd
Alexander C. Hanson (F) Resigned sometime in 1816 George Peter (F) December 2, 1816
Ohio
1st
John McLean (DR) Resigned sometime in 1816 William Henry Harrison (DR) December 2, 1816
New York
21st
Peter B. Porter (DR) Resigned January 23, 1816 Archibald S. Clarke (DR) December 2, 1816
Massachusetts
11th
Elijah Brigham (F) Died February 22, 1816 Benjamin Adams (F) Seated December 2, 1816
Pennsylvania
9th
Thomas Burnside (DR) Resigned April, 1816 William P. Maclay (DR) December 3, 1816
North Carolina
8th
Richard Stanford (DR) Died April 9, 1816 Samuel Dickens (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Maryland
5th
William Pinkney (DR) Resigned April 18, 1816, upon appointment as Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia Peter Little (DR) December 2, 1816
Vermont
At-large
Daniel Chipman (F) Resigned May 5, 1816 Vacant until next Congress
New York
20th
Enos T. Throop (DR) Resigned June 4, 1816 Daniel Avery (DR) December 3, 1816
Virginia
18th
Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) Died July 4, 1816 Thomas M. Nelson (DR) December 4, 1816
Kentucky
1st
James Clark (DR) Resigned sometime in August, 1816 Thomas Fletcher (DR) December 2, 1816
Missouri Territory
At-large
Rufus Easton served throughout the first session; Scott presented credentials at the beginning of the second session and was contested by Easton John Scott December 2, 1816
Illinois Territory
At-large
Benjamin Stephenson Term ended September 3, 1816 Nathaniel Pope December 2, 1816
Virginia
23rd
John Clopton (DR) Died September 11, 1816 John Tyler (DR) December 17, 1816
South Carolina
9th
William Mayrant (DR) Resigned October 21, 1816 Stephen D. Miller (DR) January 2, 1817
North Carolina
5th
William R. King (DR) Resigned November 4, 1816 Charles Hooks (DR) December 2, 1816
Georgia
At-large
Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Resigned November 9, 1816 Zadock Cook (DR) January 23, 1817
Indiana Territory
At-large
Jonathan Jennings (Territorial delegate) Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 William Hendricks (DR) December 11, 1816
Indiana
At-large
Missouri Territory
At-large
John Scott His election was contested by his predecessor Easton. On January 13, 1817, the election was declared illegal, but the seat was declared vacant. Vacant until next Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]