14th century

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades: 1300s 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s
1350s 1360s 1370s 1380s 1390s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1301, to December 31, 1400. Political and natural disaster and black death ravaged 4 khanates of the Mongolian Empire. Consequently, the Mongol court was driven out of China and retreated to Mongolia, the Ilkhanate collapsed in Persia, the Chaghatayid dissolved into two parts, and the Golden Horde lost its position as great power in Eastern Europe.

Events[edit]

This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C..
The Hundred Years' War, Battle of Crécy between the English and French in 1346.

Significant people[edit]

Guillaume de Machaut (at right) receiving Nature and three of her children, from an illuminated Parisian manuscript of the 1350s
Timur The Lame

Artists[edit]

Literary figures[edit]

Statue of Dante Alighieri at the Uffizi, Florence

Monarchs[edit]

Africa
Asia
Europe and Near East
14th-century monarchs
Oil-on-panel portrait of Richard II of England, mid-1390s
Edward III and the Black Prince 
Hongwu Emperor, the founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China 
Osman I, first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire 
Louis the Great of Hungary, one of the strongest kings of Hungary, c. 1342-1382 

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Ricklefs (1991), page 18
  2. ^ Kern, J.H.C., (1907), De wij-inscriptie op het Amoghapāça-beeld van Padang Candi(Batang Hari-districten); 1269 Çaka, Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land-, en Volkenkunde.
  3. ^ Drs. R. Soekmono, (1973, 5th reprint edition in 1988). Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. p. 72. 
  4. ^ Macdonnel, Arthur Anthony (1900). " Sanskrit Literature and the West.". A History of Sanskrit Literature. New York: D. Appleton and Co. p. 420.
  5. ^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2004, p.23, ISBN 0-8063-1750-7
  6. ^ Pound lock

Decades and years[edit]