As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1301, to December 31, 1400.
- The transition from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age.
- Beginning of the Ottoman Empire, early expansion into the Balkans.
- Early 14th century - Attributed to Kao Ninga Monk Sewing is made. Kamakura period. It is now kept at The Cleveland Museum of Art.
- 1309, King Jayanegara succeeds Kertarajasa Jayawardhana as ruler of Majapahit.
- The Avignon papacy transfers the seat of the Popes from Italy to France
- The Great Famine of 1315-1317 kills millions of people in Europe.
- 1318, an Italian Franciscan monk, Mattiussi visited Sumatra, Java, and Banjarmasin in Borneo. In his record he described Majapahit kingdom. (to 1330)
- Forced out of previous locations, the Mexica found the city of Tenochtitlan in 1325
- 1328.Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi succeeds Jayanegara as ruler of Majapahit.
- The death of the Ilkhan Abu Said in 1335, causing the disintegration of the Mongol rule in Persia.
- Battle of Kosovo in 1389 between Serbs and Ottoman Turks, Prince Lazar, sultan Murat I and Miloš Obilić were killed
- The Vijayanagara Empire is founded in South India by Harihara in 1336
- The Hundred Years' War begins when Edward III of England lays claim to the French throne. (1337) The French recruit troops and ships in Genoa, Monaco and Nice. (1345–1346)
- Black Death kills around a third of the population of Europe. (1347–1351).
- 1347, Adityawarman moved the capital of Dharmasraya and established the kingdom of Malayupura in Pagarruyung, West Sumatra.
- 1350, Hayam Wuruk, styled Sri Rajasanagara succeeds Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi as ruler of Majapahit; his reign is considered the empire's 'Golden Age'.
Under its military commander Gajah Mada, Majapahit stretches over much of modern day Indonesia.
- 1357, In the Battle of Bubat, the Sundanese royal family were massacred by the Majapahit army under the order of Gajah Mada. The death toll including Sundanese King Lingga Buana and the princess Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi that committed suicide.
- The Battle of Lake Poyang, a naval conflict between Chinese rebel groups led by Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang, took place in August to October of 1363, and was one of the largest naval battles in history.
- 1365, The Old Javanese text Nagarakertagama is written.
- The end of Mongol Yuan Dynasty in China and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty (1368)
- The Lollardy movement rises in England
- 1377, Majapahit sends a punitive expedition against Palembang in Sumatra. Palembang's prince, Parameswara (later Iskandar Syah) flees, eventually finding his way to Malacca and establishing it as a major international port.
- The Great Schism of the West begins in 1378, eventually leading to 3 simultaneous popes.
- An account of Buddha's life, translated earlier into Greek by St John of Damascus and widely circulated to Christians as the story of Barlaam and Josaphat, became so popular Buddha (under the name Josaphat) was made a Catholic saint.
- Singapore emerges for the first time as a fortified city and trading centre of some importance.
- Reunification of Poland under Ladislaus I of Poland
- Ciompi Revolt in Florence
- Peasants' Revolt in England
- Islam reaches Terengganu, on the Malay Peninsula.
- The Hausa found several city-states in the south of modern Niger.
- The Mali Empire expands westward and conquers Tekrur.
- The poet Petrarch coins the term Dark Ages to describe the preceding 900 years in Europe, beginning with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 through to the renewal embodied in the Renaissance.
- The Scots win the Scottish Wars of Independence.
- Union of Krewo between Poland and Lithuania.(1385)
- Work begins on the Great Enclosure at Great Zimbabwe, built of un-cemented, dressed stone. The city's population is now between 10,000 and 40,000.
- Beginning of the Renaissance in Italy
- 1389, Wikramawardhana succeeds Sri Rajasanagara as ruler of Majapahit.
- The Kalmar Union is established in 1397, uniting Norway, Sweden and Denmark into one kingdom.
- Iwan vault, Jamé Mosque of Isfahan, Isfahan, Persia (Iran), is built.
Significant people 
Guillaume de Machaut
(at right) receiving Nature and three of her children, from an illuminated Parisian manuscript of the 1350s
- Ibn Battuta, Berber Muslim traveler (1304–1368/1377)
- Chen Youliang, Chinese rebel leader and arch nemesis to Zhu Yuanzhang (aka Emperor Hongwu)
- Jiao Yu, Chinese general and author of the Huolongjing military treatise
- Liu Ji, a Chinese general, court advisor, philosopher, and co-editor of the Huolongjing
- William of Ockham, English Franciscan friar and philosopher (c. 1285–1347)
- Alauddin Khilji, an Afghanized Turk ruler, strongest emperor of his age, ruling from Delhi over South Asia, crushing Mongol invasions and Rajput rebellions.
Literary figures 
- Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and writer (1265–1321).
- Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian author (1313–1375).
- Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343–1400?) was an English author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat.
- Hafiz Persian poet (c. 1310–1379).
- William Langland (ca. 1332 – ca. 1386) is the conjectured author of the English dream-vision Piers Plowman.
- Guillaume de Machaut, French composer and poet (c. 1300–1377).
- Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena, Spanish author (1282–1349).
- Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet and writer (1304–1374).
- Christine de Pizan, French writer (1364–1430).
- Shi Nai'an (1296—1372), Chinese writer; author of Water Margin
- Luo Guanzhong (1330–1400), Chinese writer; author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms
- Europe and Near East
- Osman I (1258–1326, Osman Gazi or Osman Bey or I.Osman or Osman Sayed II) leader of the Ottoman Turks, founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire.
- Robert the Bruce (1274–1329) King of Scotland, victor in the First War of Scottish Independence against invasion by the Kingdom of England.
- Edward II (1284–1327?) of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
- Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (1287–1330) an English nobleman, was for three years de facto ruler of England, after leading a successful rebellion against Edward II.
- Charles I of Hungary (1288–1342) military, diplomatic and financial reformer, restoring the Kingdom of Hungary to power.
- Ivan I of Moscow (1288–1340) called The Moneybag, was Prince of Moscow, who made his principality most powerful state in Russia.
- Isabella of France (c. 1295–1358) queen consort and regent of the Kingdom of England.
- Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia (1308–1355) Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks.
- Casimir III of Poland (1312–1377) expansionist and financial reformer.
- Joan of the Tower (1321–1362) aka Joan of England, was the first wife and Queen consort of David II of Scotland. She was born at the Tower of London and was the youngest daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France.
- David II of Scotland (1324–1371) King of Scots, son of King Robert the Bruce by his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh (d. 1327), was born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife.
- Edward III (1327–1377) King of England. His claim to the throne of France resulted in the Hundred Years' War.
- Edward, the Black Prince(1330–1376) or Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG, was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England.
- Charles V (1338–1380), called the Wise, was King of France from 1364 to his death and a member of the House of Valois.
- Louis the Great of Hungary (king: (1342–1382) King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, Jerusalem, Sicily and Poland from 1370. He led campaigns From Lithuania to Southern Italy, From Poland to Northern Greece. He had the greatest military potential of the century with his enormous armies (often over 100,000 men.)
- Charles IV (1346–1378) King of Bohemia, one of most powerful men in Europe.
- Dmitry I of Moscow (1350-1389), Grand Duke of Moscow. His nickname, "Donskoy" (i.e., "of the Don"), alludes to his great victory against the Tatars in the Battle of Kulikovo (1380) which took place on the Don River.
- Richard II (1367–1400) was the King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Inventions, discoveries, introductions 
- ^ a b c d e Ricklefs (1991), page 18
- ^ Kern, J.H.C., (1907), De wij-inscriptie op het Amoghapāça-beeld van Padang Candi(Batang Hari-districten); 1269 Çaka, Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land-, en Volkenkunde.
- ^ Drs. R. Soekmono, (1973, 5th reprint edition in 1988). Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. p. 72.
- ^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2004, p.23, ISBN 0-8063-1750-7
- ^ (http://english.turkcebilgi.com/Pound+lock Pound lock)
Decades and years