14th century in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1300 . 1301 . 1302 . 1303 . 1304 . 1305 . 1306 ...
1307 1308 1309 -1310- 1311 1312 1313
... 1314 . 1315 . 1316 . 1317 . 1318 . 1319 . 1320 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- 1323 – The name Pléiade is adopted by a group of fourteen poets (seven men and seven women) in Toulouse.
- 1324: May 3 (Holy Cross Day) – The Consistori del Gay Saber, founded the previous year in Toulouse to revive and perpetuate the lyric poetry of the Old Occitan troubadors, holds its first contest. Arnaut Vidal de Castelnou d'Ari wins the violeta d'or (golden violet) for a sirventes in praise of the Virgin Mary. At about this date, Raimon de Cornet writes Doctrinal de trobar in support of the aims of the Gay Saber.
- Between January 20 and September 21 – The deposed King Edward II of England perhaps writes the "Lament of Edward II".
- April 6 (Good Friday) – Tuscan writer Petrarch sees a woman he names Laura in the church of Sainte-Claire d'Avignon, which awakes in him a lasting passion. He writes a series of sonnets and other poems in Italian dedicated to her up to about 1368, which are collected into Il Canzoniere, an influential model for Renaissance culture.
- August 27 – Death of Thomas Cobham, Bishop of Worcester in England. His books are bequeathed to the University of Oxford where they are installed in the University Church of St Mary the Virgin, forming the university's first library.
- 1329: February – French poet and composer Guillaume de Machaut is brought to the Siege of Medvėgalis by John of Bohemia so the king's crusading deeds can be commemorated in song and poetry.
- c. 1330 – Production of the Macclesfield Psalter in East Anglia.
- 1331 – Production of the Nuremberg Mahzor.
- 1357 – The Polychronicon concludes, Ranulf Higden having ceased work on it at least a dozen years earlier.
- 1362: September – Petrarch's library is donated to the Republic of Venice, although subsequently dispersed.
- 1370–1398 – Approximate date of production of the earliest part of the Sankt Florian Psalter, one of the earliest surviving texts to use the Polish language.
- 1377 – Production of the earliest known copy of the Laurentian Codex.
- 1382 – Earliest recorded appearance of Wycliffe's Bible.
- 1388 – Revision of Wycliffe's Bible is completed by John Purvey, and Wyclif's followers, known as Lollards, begin to be persecuted in England.
- 1390–1 – Production of the Book of Ballymote in Ireland.
- 1390s – Production of the Yellow Book of Lecan in Ireland.
- 1397 – Production of the Kiev Psalter in Ukraine.
- 1398 – The early 13th century carved wooden text of the Tripitaka Koreana is moved to the Haeinsa Buddhist temple in modern-day South Korea, where it will remain into the 21st century.
- The prose original of the Amadis de Gaula is produced (or perhaps translated into Old Spanish from an earlier 14th-century version), perhaps by the knight Vasco de Lobeira or the troubador João de Lobeira.
- Madhava Kandali produces the Saptakanda Ramayana (a retelling of the Ramayana), one of the earliest written examples of the Assamese language and the first translation from Sanskrit into one of the modern regional Indo-Aryan languages.
- c. 1300
- Anonymous – Gesta Romanorum
- Taliesin – Book of Taliesin, Middle Welsh. Taliesin (c. 534 – c. 599) is a Brythonic bard of Sub-Roman Britain believed to have sung at the courts of at least three Celtic British kings.
- Marguerite Porete – The Mirror of Simple Souls
- Rustichello da Pisa – The Travels of Marco Polo
- ca. 1300–1310
- Early to mid 14th century?
- John of Gaddesden – Rosa Medicinæ
- ca. 1308–1321
- ca. 1309–1324
- Amir Khusrow – Khazain-ul-Futuh
- Amir Khusrow – Noh-Sepehr ("Nine Skies"; masnavi)
- Arnaut Vidal de Castelnou d'Ari – Guilhem de la Barra
- ca. 1320–1335
- ca. 1320–1330
- Jacob of Liège – Speculum musicae
- ca. 1321–1323
- Sānguózhì Pínghuà (三國志平話, "Story of Records of the Three Kingdoms")
- ca. 1330–1340
- ca. 1330–1400
- 1338–1374 (first published 1396–1397)
- Michael of Northgate (translator) – Ayenbite of Inwyt
- ca. 1350
- ca. 1352
- Bahubali Pandita of Sringeri – Dharmanathapuranam
- Wynnere and Wastoure (anonymous)
- ca. 1355
- ca. 1360–1384
- John Trevisa – translation of Ranulf Higden's Polychronicon, including "Dialogue on Translation Between a Lord and a Clerk"
- Gopalraj Vamshavali (गोपालराज वंशावली, a history of Nepal)
- Geoffrey Chaucer – The Canterbury Tales
- Lady Julian of Norwich – Revelations of Divine Love (1395), the first published book in the English language to be written by a woman.
- Mangaraja II – Mangaraja Nighantu (lexicon, 1398)
- 'Pearl Poet'
- Sayana – commentary on the Vedas.
- Ipomadon (Middle English tail-rhyme verse version; earliest likely date)
- South English Legendary
- Völsunga saga (approximate date of written version)
- Water Margin (水浒传, Shui Hu Zhuan; approximate date of earliest components known)
- c. 1399
- Christine de Pizan
- Cent Ballades d'Amant et de Dame, Virelyas, Rondeaux
- L'Épistre au Dieu d'amours
- L'Épistre de Othéa a Hector
- Christine de Pizan
- Li Qianfu – Circle of Chalk (Chinese: 灰闌記; pinyin: huīlán jì)
- c. 1350 – Misteri d'Elx (Valencian)
- Late 14th century – Ordinalia (Middle Cornish)
- 1303 – Bridget of Sweden (Birgitta Birgersdotter), Swedish mystic, writer and saint (died 1373)
- 1304 – Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) Tuscan poet (died 1374)
- 1313 – Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian writer (died 1375)
- 1320 – Lalleshwari, Kashmiri Hindu poet (died 1392)
- c. 1332 – Catherine of Vadstena, Swedish mystic, writer and saint (died 1381)
- 1333 – Kan'ami, Japanese Noh actor (died 1384)
- 1343 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet (died 1400)
- 1347 – Catherine of Siena, Italian theologian and saint (died 1380)
- c. 1363 – Zeami Motokiyo, Japanese Noh actor and playwright (died c. 1443)
- 1364 – Christine de Pizan, Venetian-born Middle French court poet and writer (died c. 1430)
- c. 1368 – Thomas Hoccleve, English poet and clerk (died 1426)
- After 1306 – Adam de la Halle, French poet
- 1315: May 10 – Agnes Blannbekin, Austrian Christian mystic
- 1316 (probable) – Ramon Llull, Majorcan polymathic writer and Catalan novelist
- 1321: September 14 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet
- 1364: March 12 – Ranulf Higden, English chronicler
- 1373: July 23 – Bridget of Sweden (Birgitta Birgersdotter), Swedish mystic, writer and saint
- 1374: July 19 – Petrarch, Italian poet
- 1375: December 21 – Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian poet
- 1377: April – Guillaume de Machaut, French poet and composer
- 1380: April 29 – Catherine of Siena, Italian theologian and saint
- 1381: March 24 – Catherine of Vadstena, Swedish mystic, writer and saint
- 1384: June 8 – Kan'ami, Japanese Noh playwright and actor
- 1392 – Lalleshwari, Kashmiri Shaivite poet and mystic
- 1395: March 13 – John Barbour, Scots poet
- 1396: March 24 – Walter Hilton, English Augustinian mystic
- 1400: December 15 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet
- Arthur Conan Doyle's novel Sir Nigel (1905-06) is set in 1350-56; The White Company (1891) in 1366-67.
- Umberto Eco's novel The Name of the Rose (Il Nome della Rosa, 1980) is set in 1327.
- Walter Scott's novel Castle Dangerous (1831) is set around 1306; The Fair Maid of Perth (1828) around 1396.
- "10 things to know about Norwich". UNESCO. November 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2014.