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This article is about the year 1504.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1470s 1480s 1490s – 1500s – 1510s 1520s 1530s|
|Years:||1501 1502 1503 – 1504 – 1505 1506 1507|
|1504 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2257|
|Bahá'í calendar||−340 – −339|
|English Regnal year||19 Hen. 7 – 20 Hen. 7|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4200 or 4140
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4201 or 4141
|- Vikram Samvat||1560–1561|
|- Shaka Samvat||1426–1427|
|- Kali Yuga||4605–4606|
|Japanese calendar||Bunki 4 / Eishō 1
|Minguo calendar||408 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2047|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1504.|
- January 1 – French troops of King Louis XII surrender Gaeta to the Spanish under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba.
- January 21 – After the death of Sten Sture the Elder on December 14 the year before, Svante Nilsson is elected new Regent of Sweden.
- January 31 – Treaty of Lyon: France cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon who becomes King of Naples as Ferdinand III.
- February 29 – Christopher Columbus uses his knowledge of a lunar eclipse this night to convince Jamaican tribesmen to provide him with supplies.
- April 1 – English guilds subject to state control.
- April 23 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, routes troops to Bavaria.
- September 8 – Michelangelo's sculpture of David is erected in Florence.
- September 22 – A settled engagement is arranged between Karel of Luxembourg and Claudia the Beaujeu.
- September 22 – Treaty of Blois: Philip I of Castile, Maximilian I and Louis XII agree terms.
- October 12 – Isabella I of Castile signs her testament.
- November 7 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain from his fourth voyage, during which he and his younger son, Ferdinand, explored the coast of Central America from Belize to Panama.
- November 26 – Isabella I of Castile, Catholic Queen of Castile and Aragon, dies, ending her patronage for Columbus. The Crown of Castile passes to her daughter Joanna.
- Babur besieges and captures Kabull.
- Islamization of the Sudan region: A Funj leader, Amara Dunqas, founds the Sultanate of Sennar.
- Sheikh Ahmad, final leader of the Great Horde, is last heard of as a Lithuanian prisoner at Vilnius.
- Juan de la Cosa begins his first independent voyage, to the Isthmus of Panama.
- In Florence, Leonardo da Vinci and Niccolò Machiavelli become involved in a scheme to divert the Arno river, cutting the water supply to Pisa to force its surrender: Colombino, the project foreman, fails to follow da Vinci’s design, and the project is a major failure.
- Venetian ambassadors suggest to Turkey the construction of a Suez Canal.
- Aldus Manutius publishes his edition of Demosthenes in Venice.
- Matthias Grünewald paints a Crucifixion.
- The Signoria of Florence commissions both Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo to paint the walls of the Grand Council Chamber in the Palazzo Vecchio.
- Raphael paints The Marriage of the Virgin, which exemplifies some major principles of High Renaissance art.
- January 17 – Pope Pius V (d. 1572)
- July 18 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
- August 6 – Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1574)
- November – Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian novelist and poet (d. 1573)
- November 13 – Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (d. 1567)
- date unknown
- Ali ibn Ahmad al-Samhudi (علي بن أحمد السمهودي), author of Wafa al-Wafa bi akhbar Dar al-Mustafa
- John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, Tudor nobleman and politician (d. 1553)
- Patrick Hamilton, Scottish churchman and Reformer (d. 1528)
- Dirk Philips, early Anabaptist writer and theologian (d. 1568)
- Nicholas Udall, English playwright and schoolmaster (d. 1556)
- probable – Jacques Arcadelt, Franco-Flemish composer (d. 1568)
- April – Filippino Lippi, Italian painter (b. 1457)
- June 19 – Bernhard Walther, German astronomer and humanist (b. 1430)
- July 2 – Stephen the Great, Prince of Moldova (b. 1434)
- July 29 – Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby (b. 1435)
- August – Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara, Italian astronomer (b. 1454)
- September 9 – Bartolomeo della Rocca ("Cocles"), astrologer (b. 1467)
- September 10 – Philibert II, Duke of Savoy (b. 1480)
- November 26 – Queen Isabella I of Castile (b. 1451)
- December 21 – Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild, German archbishop and elector (b. 1442)
- date unknown