From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1470s 1480s 1490s – 1500s – 1510s 1520s 1530s|
|Years:||1506 1507 1508 – 1509 – 1510 1511 1512|
|1509 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2262|
|English Regnal year||24 Hen. 7 – 1 Hen. 8|
— to —己巳年十一月二十日
|- Vikram Samvat||1565–1566|
|- Shaka Samvat||1431–1432|
|- Kali Yuga||4610–4611|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||509–510|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 6
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1509 MDIX|
|Minguo calendar||403 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2052|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1509|
- February 2 – Battle of Diu: The Portuguese defeat a coalition of Indians, Muslims and Italians.
- April 21 – Henry VIII becomes King of England (for 38 years) on the death of his father, Henry VII.
- April 27 – Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict and excommunication for refusing to cede part of Romagna to papal control.
- May 14 – Battle of Agnadello: French forces defeat the Venetians.
- June 11
- June 19 – Brasenose College, University of Oxford, is founded by a lawyer, Sir Richard Sutton, of Prestbury, Cheshire, and the Bishop of Lincoln, William Smyth.
- June 24 – King Henry VIII of England and Queen Consort Catherine of Aragon are crowned.
- September 10 – Istanbul earthquake destroys 109 mosques and kills an estimated 10,000 people.
- September 11 – Portuguese fidalgo Diogo Lopes de Sequeira becomes the first European to reach Malacca, having crossed the Gulf of Bengal.
Date unknown 
- Erasmus writes his most famous work, In Praise of Folly.
- The Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy is founded.
- Royal Grammar School, Guildford, is founded by Robert Beckingham.
- St Paul's School is founded by John Colet, Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London.
- Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Blackburn, is founded as a grammar school for boys.
- Afonso de Albuquerque becomes the governor of the portuguese settlements in India.
- Earliest known pocket watch made at Nuremberg, Germany by Peter Henlein.
- January 25 – Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (d. 1580)
- July 10 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
- August 3 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer (d. 1546)
- date unknown
- Nicholas Bacon, English politician (d. 1579)
- John Erskine of Dun, Scottish religious reformer (d. 1591)
- Stanisław Odrowąż, Polish noble (d. 1545)
- Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, lawyer (d. 1579)
- Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and natural scientist (d. 1588)
- Kamran Mirza, Mughal prince (d. 1557)
- probable – John of Leiden, Dutch Anabaptist leader (d. 1536)
- January – Adam Kraft, sculptor and architect
- March 14 – Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio, Italian cardinal
- April 21 – King Henry VII of England (b. 1457)
- May 10 – Caterina Sforza, countess of Forli (b. 1463)
- June 29 – Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)
- July – João da Nova, Portuguese explorer (b. c. 1460)
- July 11 – William II, Landgrave of Hesse (b. 1469)
- July 16 – Mikalojus Radvila the Old, Lithuanian nobleman (b. c. 1450)
- October 25 – João II of Portugal, King of Portugal (b. 1455)
- date unknown