151st Infantry Regiment (United States)

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151st Infantry Regiment
151InfantryRegimenttCoatOfArms.jpg
Coat of arms
Active 1817-1919
1941-present
Country United States of America
Branch United States Army
Type Infantry
Size Regiment
Garrison/HQ Indianapolis, Indiana
Motto "Wide Awake! Wide Awake!"
Engagements Battle of Tippecanoe
Mexican-American War
American Civil War
Spanish American War
Mexican Border Campaign
World War I
World War II
Vietnam War
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 151 Inf Rgt DUI.png
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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150th Infantry Regiment 152nd Infantry Regiment

The 151st Infantry Regiment is an infantry unit in the Indiana National Guard, under the 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Separate).

History[edit]

The 151st Infantry Regiment traces its roots to the Indiana Territory Indiana Rangers militia. It was in the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe that it earned its motto "Wide Awake! Wide Awake!"[1] In 1846, the 2d Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, Indiana Brigade was mustered into Federal Service for the Mexican-American War, and was again federalized in 1861 during the American Civil War.[2] It was reorganized in 1882 into the Indiana Legion, which was renamed the Indiana National Guard 5 March 1895.[2]

The Regiment was again federalized in 1898 for service in the Spanish-American War. In 1900, it was reorganized as the First Infantry, Indiana National Guard.[2] The First Infantry was mustered into federal service at Fort Benjamin Harrison in 1916 for service in the Mexican Border Campaign.

With the outbreak of World War I, the First Infantry was reorganized into the 151st Infantry Regiment, and assigned to the 76th Infantry Brigade, 38th Infantry Division.[3] The division was mobilized for Federal service in 1917 and demobilized in 1919.[2] The division was again activated in 1941 in preparation for World War II. In the Philippines, the 151st Regiment helped earn the 38th Division earn the nickname "Avengers of Bataan."[4]

Elements of the 151st Regiment served in the Vietnam War. Company D (Ranger), "Delta Company," was the only National Guard unit to serve intact,[5] and earned more medals in 1969 than any other Army infantry company during a 1-year period.[4] The company was eventually assigned to II Field Force Vietnam with the mission of conducting long range patrols in War Zone D, in the III Corps Tactical Zone. After the company's arrival, the 199th Infantry Brigade (Light) oversaw its initial administration and support.

In 1977, the regiment was organized into two battalions, elements of the 38th Infantry Division.[2]Both the 1st Battalion (1-151) and 2nd (2-151) Battalion are elements of the 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Separate),[6] The two battalions reunited in 2011 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Tippecanoe.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2-151 Infantry Battalion". Indiana Guardsman. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Lineage and Honors, 151st Infantry (First Indiana)" (PDF). Department of the Army. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team - History". Indiana Guardsman. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "1st Battalion, 151st Infantry Regiment "Warhawks"". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Ramey, Timothy. "History of the Indiana Rangers". Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Indiana National Guard Organizational Chart" (PDF). Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  7. ^ Newport, Les (10 November 2011). "Indiana National Guard Soldiers experience heritage". Indiana Guardsman. 

External links[edit]