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This article is about the year 1526.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1490s 1500s 1510s – 1520s – 1530s 1540s 1550s|
|Years:||1523 1524 1525 – 1526 – 1527 1528 1529|
|1526 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2279|
|Bahá'í calendar||−318 – −317|
|English Regnal year||17 Hen. 8 – 18 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4222 or 4162
— to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4223 or 4163
|- Vikram Samvat||1582–1583|
|- Shaka Samvat||1448–1449|
|- Kali Yuga||4627–4628|
|Japanese calendar||Daiei 6
|Minguo calendar||386 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2069|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1526.|
- January 14 – Treaty of Madrid: Peace is declared between Francis I of France and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Francis agrees to cede Burgundy to Charles, and abandons all claims to Flanders, Artois, Naples, and Milan.
- April 21 – Battle of Panipat: Babur becomes Mughal emperor, invades northern India and captures Delhi, beginning the Mughal Empire, which lasts until 1857.
- May 22 – Francis repudiates the Treaty of Madrid and forms the League of Cognac against Charles, including Pope Clement VII, Milan, Venice, and Florence.
- May 24 – A Transit of Venus occurs, the last before optical filters allowed astronomers to observe them.
- June 9 – Emperor Go-Nara ascends to the throne of Japan.
- July – The Spanish ship Santiago from García Jofre de Loaísa's expedition reaches the Pacific Coast of Mexico, the first to navigate from Europe to the west coast of North America.
- July 24 – Milan is captured by the Spanish.
- August 21 – Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar becomes the first European to sight the Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
- August 29 – Battle of Mohács: The Turkish army of Sultan Suleiman I defeats the Hungarian army of King Louis II, who is killed in the retreat. Suleiman takes Buda, while Archduke Ferdinand of Austria and John Zápolya, Prince of Transylvania, dispute the succession. As a result of the battle, Dubrovnik achieves independence, although it acknowledges Turkish overlordship.
- December – Paracelsus arrives at Strasbourg.
- Spring – The first complete printed translation of the New Testament of the Bible into the English language by William Tyndale arrives in England from Germany, having been printed in Worms. In October, Cuthbert Tunstall, Bishop of London, attempts to collect all the copies in his diocese and burn them.
- The first official translation is made of the New Testament into Swedish (Bible completed in 1541).
- Gunsmith Bartolomeo Beretta establishes the Beretta Gun Company, which will still be in business in the 21st century, making it one of the world's oldest corporations.
- January 1 – Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary to Latin America, patron saint of Colombia (d. 1581)
- February 19 – Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
- March 4 – Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (d. 1596)
- April 12 – Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)
- May 21 – King Philip II of Spain (d. 1598)
- November 1 – Catherine Jagiellon, queen of John III of Sweden (d. 1583)
- date unknown
- January 19 – Isabella of Burgundy, queen of Christian II of Denmark (b. 1501)
- February 1 – Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester (b. 1460)
- February 23 – Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies (b. c. 1479)
- March 30 – Konrad Mutian, German humanist (b. 1471)
- April 21 – Ibrahim Lodi, last Sultan of Delhi (in battle)
- May 19 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (b. 1464)
- July 20 – García Jofre de Loaísa, Spanish explorer (b. 1490)
- August 4 – Juan Sebastián Elcano, Spanish explorer (b. 1476)
- August 29 – King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (in battle) (b. 1506)
- September 5 – Alonso de Salazar, Spanish explorer
- October 18 – Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
- date unknown
- Sharp, Andrew (1960). Early Spanish Discoveries in the Pacific. pp. 11–13.