From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1500s 1510s 1520s – 1530s – 1540s 1550s 1560s|
|Years:||1528 1529 1530 – 1531 – 1532 1533 1534|
|1531 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2284|
|English Regnal year||22 Hen. 8 – 23 Hen. 8|
— to —辛卯年十一月廿三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1587–1588|
|- Shaka Samvat||1453–1454|
|- Kali Yuga||4632–4633|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||531–532|
|Japanese calendar||Kyōroku 4
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1531 MDXXXI|
|Minguo calendar||381 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2074|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1531|
- January 26 – Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake in which thousands die.
- February 11 – Henry VIII of England is recognised as supreme head of the Church of England.
- February 27 – Lutheran princes in the Holy Roman Empire form an alliance known as the Schmalkaldic League.
- February or March – Battle of Antukyah: Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi of the Adal Sultanate defeats the Ethiopian army.
- April – Battle of Puná: Francisco Pizarro defeats the island's native inhabitants.
- April 16 – The city of Puebla, Mexico is founded.
- June 24 – The city of San Juan del Río, Mexico is founded.
- July 25 – The city of Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico is founded.
- September 22 – Battle of Obertyn: The Moldavians are defeated by Polish forces under Jan Amor Tarnowski, allowing the Poles to recapture Pokucie.
- October 11 – Battle of Kappel: The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. Huldrych Zwingli, the Swiss religious reformer, is killed.
- October 28 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia thus falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
- December 12 – The Virgin Mary, in the guise of Our Lady of Guadalupe, allegedly appears to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, an Aztec convert to Catholicism.
- Andrea Alciato publishes the first part of his Emblemata.
- The Comet Halley appears (Perihelion: August 26).
- Conquistador Francisco de Montejo claims Chichen Itza as capital of Spanish-ruled Yucatán.
- The University of Sarajevo is founded by Gazi Husrev-beg.
- Kõpu Lighthouse is completed.
- An enormous drought in Henan province, China, coupled with a gigantic swarm of locusts in the summer, forces many in destitute agricultural communities to turn to cannibalism instead of dying by starvation.
- Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor abolishes the worst abuses of the encomienda system by pressure of Bartolomé de las Casas.
- Witch-hunt in the town of Schiltach, Germany
- September – Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby (died 1594)
- October 12 – Jacques de Savoie, 2nd Duc de Nemours (died 1585)
- November 14 – Richard Topcliffe, English torturer and sadist (died 1604)
- November 18 – Roberto di Ridolfi, Italian conspirator against Elizabeth I (died 1612)
- December – Hendrick van Brederode (died 1568)
- date unknown
- January 21 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (born 1487)
- February 16 – Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician (born 1452)
- March 6 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish colonial administrator (born c. 1440)
- May 19 – Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (born 1456)
- July 7 – Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor (born 1460)
- July 17 – Hosokawa Takakuni, Japanese military commander (born 1484)
- July 23 – Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers
- October 10 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss reformer (in battle) (born 1484)
- September 22 – Louise of Savoy, mother of Francis I of France (born 1476)
- November 24 – Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (born 1482)
- date unknown – Vallabhacharya, founder of the Hindu Vallabha sect (born 1479)
- probable – Fernan Perez de Oliva, Spanish man of letters (born 1492)