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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1500s 1510s 1520s – 1530s – 1540s 1550s 1560s|
|Years:||1530 1531 1532 – 1533 – 1534 1535 1536|
|1533 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2286|
|English Regnal year||24 Hen. 8 – 25 Hen. 8|
— to —癸巳年十二月十六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1589–1590|
|- Shaka Samvat||1455–1456|
|- Kali Yuga||4634–4635|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||533–534|
|Japanese calendar||Tenbun 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1533 MDXXXIII|
|Minguo calendar||379 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2076|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1533|
- January 25 – King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, who becomes his second queen consort.
- January 26 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, is appointed Lord Chancellor of England
- March 30 – Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
- May 23 – King Henry VIII of England's marriage with Catherine of Aragon is declared annulled by Archbishop Cranmer. Since Pope Clement VII had rejected Henry's petition for annulment in 1530, Catherine continues to believe herself Henry's wife until her death.
- June 1 – Cranmer crowns Anne Boleyn as queen consort of England in Westminster Abbey.
- July 11 – Henry VIII is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII, as is Archbishop Cranmer.
- July 22 – Treaty of Constantinople between the Ottoman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria: Ferdinand I, King of the Romans, withdraws his claims to most of Hungary and János Szapolyai, voivode of Transylvania, becomes King of Hungary under the suzerainty of Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
- July 26 – Sapa Inca Atahualpa is executed by garotte at the orders of Francisco Pizarro in Cajamarca. The Spanish arrange for his younger brother Túpac Huallpa to be crowned as a successor, but he dies of smallpox soon afterwards
- September 7 – Anne Boleyn gives birth to Princess Elizabeth, the future Elizabeth I of England.
- November 15 – Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cusco, Peru.
- December 3 – Ivan IV succeeds his father Vasili III as Grand Prince of Muscovy at three years old.
- December – Hernando de Grijalva and his crew discover the uninhabited Revillagigedo Islands off the Pacific coast of Mexico
- The Statute in Restraint of Appeals declares the king to be the supreme sovereign in England and forbids judicial appeals to the papacy.
- Paracelsus interprets the Bible in Appenzell.
- Pechenga Monastery is founded in the far north of Russia.
- 1533–1534 – Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent makes the Ruthenian harem girl Roxelana his legal wife.
- February 9 – Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
- February 28 – Michel de Montaigne, French essayist (d. 1592)
- April 8 – Claudio Merulo, Italian composer and organist (d. 1604)
- April 24 – William I of Orange (d. 1584)
- August 2 – Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (d. 1588)
- August 7
- September 7 – Queen Elizabeth I of England, daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Queen Anne Boleyn (d. 1603)
- September 27 – Stefan Batory, King of Poland (d. 1586)
- December 13 – King Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
- date unknown – Eknath, Marathi saint (d. 1599)
- April 10 – King Frederick I of Denmark (b. 1471)
- April 28 – Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)
- June 25 – Mary Tudor, queen of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
- July 4 – John Frith, English Protestant priest and martyr (b. 1503)
- July 6 – Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (b. 1474)
- August 8 – Lucas van Leyden, Dutch artist (b. 1494)
- July 26 – Atahualpa, last Inca ruler of Peru (executed) (b. c.1502)
- September 20 – Veit Stoss, German sculptor (b. c. 1447)
- October – Túpac Huallpa, puppet ruler of Peru
- December 3 – Grand Prince Vasili III of Muscovy (b. 1479)
- date unknown – Fortún Ximénez, Spanish sailor and mutineer
- probable – Girolamo del Pacchia, Italian painter (b. 1477)