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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1500s 1510s 1520s – 1530s – 1540s 1550s 1560s|
|Years:||1533 1534 1535 – 1536 – 1537 1538 1539|
|1536 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2289|
|Bahá'í calendar||−308 – −307|
|English Regnal year||27 Hen. 8 – 28 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4232 or 4172
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4233 or 4173
|- Vikram Samvat||1592–1593|
|- Shaka Samvat||1458–1459|
|- Kali Yuga||4637–4638|
|Japanese calendar||Tenbun 5
|Minguo calendar||376 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2079|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1536.|
- January 7 – Catherine of Aragon, First Queen of Henry VIII of England, dies.
- February 2 – Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- February 25 – Jacob Hutter is burned at the stake for heresy.
- April 30 – The Inquisition is implemented in Portugal.
- May 2 – Anne Boleyn, Second Queen of Henry VIII of England, is arrested on the grounds of incest, adultery, and treason.
- May 17 – The five men accused of adultery with Anne Boleyn, including her own brother George Boleyn, are executed.
- May 19 – Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of Henry VIII of England is executed in the Tower of London.
- May 30 – Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour.
- May – Manco Inca Yupanqui leads a revolt against the Spanish, and then leads his people to Machu Picchu, deep in the Valcahambra range of the Andes.
- June 24 – Cristobal de Onate founds San Juan Bautista del Teul.
- June 26 – Andrés de Urdaneta and a few companions arrive in Lisbon, completing a circumnavigation which began with de Loaísa's expedition of 1525.
- June 27 – San Pedro Sula is founded by Pedro de Alvarado.
- War resumes between Francis I of France and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Francis ceases control of Savoy and captures Turin. Charles triumphally enters Rome following the Via Triuphalis and delivers a speech before the pope and college of cardinals publicly challenging the king of France to a duel.
- Battle of Un no Kuchi: Takeda Family forces defeat Hiraga Genshin.
- Various religious buildings are closed as part of Henry VIII of England's dissolution of the monasteries, including
- The legal and political union of Wales with England is reinforced by An Acte for Lawes & Justice to be ministred in Wales in like fourme as it is in this Realme.
- Reformation in Denmark: Protestantism is introduced in Denmark and Norway by King Christian III.
- Publication of John Calvin's Institutio Christianæ religionis, a seminal work of Protestant systematic theology.
- Battle of Reynogüelén: First battle between Spanish conquistadors and Mapuches in Chile; start of the Arauco War.
- The Portuguese crown divides Brazil into fifteen donatory captaincies.
- Trade compact exempts French merchants from Ottoman law and allows them to travel, buy and sell throughout the sultan's dominions and to pay low customs duties on French imports and exports. The compact is renewed in 1569.
- February 2 – Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese warlord (b. this day or March 26, 1537; d. 1598)
- February 24 – Pope Clement VIII (d. 1605)
- March 10 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1572)
- March 31 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)
- August 10 – Kaspar Olevianus, German Protestant theologian (d. 1587)
- December 26 – Yi I, Korean Confucian scholar (d. 1584)
- date unknown
- Juan de Fuca, Greek maritime pilot (d. 1602)
- Jeong Cheol, Korean administrator and poet (d. 1593)
- Cornelis Cort, Dutch engraver (d. 1578)
- Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset, English statesman and poet (d. 1608)
- Guilford Dudley, son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland (d. 1554)
- Roger Marbeck, chief physician to Elizabeth I of England (d. 1604)
- Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, British statesman and admiral (d. 1624)
- Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (d. 1596)
- Ikeda Tsuneoki, Japanese military commander (d. 1584)
- Antonio Monserrate, Spanish Jesuit (d. 1600).
- January 7 – Catherine of Aragon, First Queen of Henry VIII of England (b. 1485)
- January 22
- February 25
- March 1 – Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (b. 1465)
- April 4 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
- May 17 – George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford, English diplomat (executed) (b. 1503)
- May 19 – Anne Boleyn, Second Queen of Henry VIII of England (executed) (b. c. 1501/1507)
- May 26 – Francesco Berni, Italian poet (b. 1497)
- June 18 – Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, illegitimate son of Henry VIII of England (b. 1519)
- June 28 – Richard Pace, English diplomat (b. 1482)
- July 12 – Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher (b. c. 1466)
- September 6 – William Tyndale, English Protestant Bible translator (b. c. 1494)
- September 25 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (b. 1511)
- September 26 – Didier de Saint-Jaille, 46th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller
- October 18 – Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet (b. 1503)
- December 21 – Sir John Seymour, English courtier (b. 1474)
- date unknown
- "John Calvin". Christian History. Christianity Today International. 8 August 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2013.