From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1510s 1520s 1530s – 1540s – 1550s 1560s 1570s|
|Years:||1542 1543 1544 – 1545 – 1546 1547 1548|
|1545 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2298|
|Bahá'í calendar||−299 – −298|
|English Regnal year||36 Hen. 8 – 37 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
4241 or 4181
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4242 or 4182
|- Vikram Samvat||1601–1602|
|- Shaka Samvat||1467–1468|
|- Kali Yuga||4646–4647|
|Japanese calendar||Tenbun 14
|Minguo calendar||367 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2088|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1545.|
- February 27 – Battle of Ancrum Moor: The Scots are victorious over numerically superior English forces.
- June 13 – Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez sets out to navigate the northern coast of New Guinea.
- July 18–19 – Battle of the Solent between English and French fleets. The engagement is inconclusive but on July 19 Henry VIII of England's flagship, the Mary Rose, sinks.
- c. July 21 – Battle of Bonchurch: The English reverse an attempted French invasion of the Isle of Wight off the coast of England as part of the Italian Wars.
- October – Siege of Kawagoe Castle begins as part of an unsuccessful attempt by the Uesugi clan to regain Kawagoe Castle from the Late Hōjō clan in Japan.
- December 13 – The Council of Trent officially opens (closes 1563).
- Battle of Sokhoista: The army of the Ottoman Empire defeats an alliance of Georgian dynasts.
- In Ming Dynasty China a large failure of the harvest in Henan province occurs due to excessive rainfall, which drives up the price of wheat and forces many to flee their rural counties; those who stay behind are forced to survive by eating leaves, bark, and human flesh.
- Silver is discovered at Potosí, Bolivia.
- March 2 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (d. 1613)
- April 2 – Elizabeth of Valois, queen of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)
- April 28 – Yi Sun-sin, Korean naval leader (d. 1598)
- July 8 – Don Carlos of Spain, son of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)
- August 1 – Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer (d. 1622)
- August 27 – Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1592)
- December 7 – Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary, Queen of Scots (d. 1567)
- date unknown
- George Bannatyne, collector of Scottish poems (d. 1608)
- John Field, British Puritan clergyman and controversialist (d. 1588)
- John Gerard, English botanist (d. 1612)
- William Morgan, Welsh Bible translator (d. 1604)
- Azai Nagamasa, Japanese nobleman (d. 1572)
- Mashita Nagamori, Japanese warlord (d. 1615)
- January 16 – George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)
- February 12 or April 2 – Stanisław Odrowąż, Polish noble (b. 1509)
- April 3 – Antonio de Guevara, Spanish chronicler and moralist (b. 1481)
- April 10 – Costanzo Festa, Italian composer (b. 1495)
- April 22 – Louis X, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1496)
- May – Agnes Howard, Duchess of Norfolk, English noblewoman (b. c. 1477)
- May 22 – Sher Shah Suri, Indian ruler (b. 1486)
- June 12 – Francis I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1517)
- July 7 – Pernette Du Guillet, poet (b. c. 1520)
- August 24 – Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English politician and husband of Mary Tudor (b. c. 1484)
- August 27 – Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
- September – Hans Baldung, German artist (b. 1480)
- September 24 – Albert of Mainz, elector and archbishop of Mainz (b. 1490)
- October 18 – John Taverner, English composer (b. c. 1490)
- date unknown