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This article is about the year 1550.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1520s 1530s 1540s – 1550s – 1560s 1570s 1580s|
|Years:||1547 1548 1549 – 1550 – 1551 1552 1553|
|1550 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2303|
|Bahá'í calendar||−294 – −293|
|English Regnal year||3 Edw. 6 – 4 Edw. 6|
|Chinese calendar||己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4246 or 4186
— to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4247 or 4187
|- Vikram Samvat||1606–1607|
|- Shaka Samvat||1472–1473|
|- Kali Yuga||4651–4652|
|Japanese calendar||Tenbun 19
|Minguo calendar||362 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2093|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1550.|
- January 6 – Spanish Captain Hernando de Santana founds the city of Valledupar in what is now Colombian territory.
- February 8 – Pope Julius III succeeds Pope Paul III as the 221st pope.
- June 12 – The city of Helsinki, Finland (belonging to Sweden at the time) is founded by King Gustav I of Sweden.
- Altan Khan besieges Peking.
- Iceland becomes fully Protestant.
- The first grammatical description of the French language is published by Louis Maigret.
- The first book in Slovenian, Abecedarium, written by Protestant reformer Primoz Trubar, is printed in Tübingen, Germany.
- Nostradamus' first almanac is written.
- John Dee finishes his studies at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
- Sherborne School is established.
- Navigable summit level canal completed between Alster and the Trave.
- Approximate date – The discovery of silver at Zacatecas and Guanajuato in Mexico, and Potosí in Bolivia, stimulates silver rushes.
- January 31 – Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic general (d. 1588)
- April 12 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (d. 1604)
- May 25 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian soldier and nurse (d. 1614)
- June – Pomponio Nenna, Italian composer (d. 1613)
- June 27 – King Charles IX of France (d. 1574)
- July 3 – Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (d. 1591)
- September 10 – Alonso de Guzmán El Bueno, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, commander of the Spanish Armada (d. 1615)
- September 17 – Pope Paul V (d. 1621)
- October 4 – King Charles IX of Sweden (d. 1611)
- October 6 – Karin Månsdotter, queen of Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1612)
- December 6 – Orazio Vecchi, Italian composer (d. 1605)
- December 22 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (d. 1631)
- date unknown
- Jacob ben Isaac Ashkenazi, author (d. 1625)
- Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1597)
- John Napier, Scottish mathematician (d. 1617)
- Ralph Sherwin, English Roman Catholic martyr and saint (d. 1581)
- Anselmus de Boodt, Belgian mineralogist and physician (d. 1632)
- Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator and explorer (d. 1597)
- March 7 – William IV, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1493)
- March 8 – John of God, Spanish friar and saint (b. 1495)
- April 12 – Claude, Duke of Guise, French soldier (b. 1496)
- May 18 – John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (b. 1498)
- May 20 – Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun (b. 1511)
- June 13 – Veronica Gambara, Italian poet (b. 1485)
- July – Jacopo Bonfadio, historian (b. c. 1508)
- July 30 – Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, English politician (b. 1505)
- October 23 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
- November 6 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)
- November 7 – Jón Arason, the last Catholic bishop of Iceland (executed)
- December 8 – Gian Giorgio Trissino, humanist writer (b. 1478)
- date unknown