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This article is about the year 1563.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1530s 1540s 1550s – 1560s – 1570s 1580s 1590s|
|Years:||1560 1561 1562 – 1563 – 1564 1565 1566|
|1563 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2316|
|Bahá'í calendar||−281 – −280|
|English Regnal year||5 Eliz. 1 – 6 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬戌年 (Water Dog)
4259 or 4199
— to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4260 or 4200
|- Vikram Samvat||1619–1620|
|- Shaka Samvat||1485–1486|
|- Kali Yuga||4664–4665|
|Japanese calendar||Eiroku 6
|Minguo calendar||349 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2106|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1563.|
- February 1 – Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia.
- February 18 – Francis, Duke of Guise, is assassinated while besieging Orléans.
- March 19 – Edict of Amboise signed at the Château d'Amboise by Catherine de' Medici, acting as regent for her son Charles IX of France, having been negotiated between the Huguenot Louis, Prince of Condé, and Anne, duc de Montmorency, Constable of France. It accords some toleration to the Huguenots, especially to aristocrats. It officially ends the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and the combined Huguenot and royal armies then march north to besiege the English in Le Havre.
- May 30 – At Bornholm, the Danish fleet fires on the Swedish navy, leading to a Danish defeat and precipitating the Northern Seven Years' War.
- July 28 – The English surrender Le Havre to the French after a siege.
- August 13 – Northern Seven Years' War: War against the Kingdom of Sweden is declared by Denmark–Norway and the Free City of Lübeck.
- September 4 – Northern Seven Years' War: King Frederick II of Denmark, advancing from Halland, takes Älvsborg fortress from Sweden.
- December 4 – The Council of Trent (opened December 13, 1545) officially closes. It reaffirms all major Roman Catholic doctrines, and declares the Deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament to be canonical, along with the rest of the Bible. Chapter 1, Session 24, promulgates the decree Tametsi, stipulating that for a marriage to be valid, consent (the essence of marriage) as expressed in the vows has to be given publicly before witnesses, one of whom has to be the parish priest.
- January – Leonhard Hutter, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1616)
- January 30 – Franciscus Gomarus, Dutch theologian (d. 1641)
- March 5 – John Coke, English politician (d. 1644)
- April 15 – Guru Arjan Dev, fifth Sikh leader (A. 1606)
- June 1 – Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English statesman and spymaster (d. 1612)
- September 4 – Wanli Emperor of China (d. 1620)
- October 14 – Jodocus Hondius, Flemish artist (d. 1633)
- November 8 – Henry I, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1624)
- November 19 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (d. 1626)
- December 19 – Lord William Howard (d. 1640)
- date unknown
- Yi Su-gwang, Korean scholar (d. 1628)
- Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire (d. 1606)
- John Dowland, English composer (d. 1626)
- Michael Drayton, English poet (d. 1631)
- Scipione Gentili, Italian legal scholar (d. 1616)
- Anna Guarini, Italian virtuoso singer (d. 1598)
- Hosokawa Gracia, Japanese noblewoman (d. 1600)
- Marcin Kazanowski, Polish nobleman (d. 1636)
- Zygmunt Kazanowski, Polish nobleman (d. 1634)
- Robert Naunton, English politician and writer (d. 1635)
- Joshua Sylvester, English poet (d. 1618)
- Jean Titelouze, French organist and composer (d.1633)
- February 1 – Emperor Menas of Ethiopia (fever) (b. 1559)
- February 24 – Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (shot) (b. 1519)
- March 24 – Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)
- March 28 – Heinrich Glarean, Swiss music theorist (b. 1488)
- May 21 – Martynas Mažvydas, author of the first printed book in Lithuanian (b. 1510)
- ?June – Elizabeth Seymour, Marchioness of Winchester, English noblewoman (b. 1513)
- June 6 – Ikeda Nagamasa, Japanese military commander (b. 1519)
- June 9 – William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
- August 11 – Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer (b. 1500)
- August 18 – Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (b. 1530)
- September 17 – Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, English soldier (b. 1526)
- November – Ioan Iacob Heraclid, ruler of Moldavia (b. 1511)
- December 29 – Sebastian Castello, French theologian (b. 1515)
- date unknown – Odet de Selve, French diplomat (b. c. 1504)